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Articles by Muhidin
Total Records ( 3 ) for Muhidin
  La Ode Santiaji Bande , Muhidin , Gusnawaty H.S , Mariadi , Nuriadi and Munardin Basanunggu
  Background and Objective: Pod rot disease caused by Phytophthora palmivora is one of the causes of low productivity in cocoa plants. The objective of the study was to determine the effectiveness of botanical pesticides composite inhibiting the growth of Phytophthora palmivora biomass and to know the type of botanical pesticides composite that able to inhibit the black pod rot disease in cocoa. Materials and Methods: The research was conducted in Plant Protection Laboratory, Faculty of Agriculture, Halu Oleo University. The research designed using a completely randomized design, consisting of six treatments as follows: C0 = Without pesticide, C1 = Composite of cashew nut shell extract+liquid smoke, C2 = Composite of cashew nut shell extract+tree bark of Albizia saponaria, C3 = Composite of cashew nut shell extract+leaf of siam weed (Chromolaena odorata L.), C4 = Composite of cashew nut shell extract+leaf of Cassia alata, C5 = Composite of cashew nut shell extract+tree bark of Albizia saponaria+leaf of siam weed (Chromolaena odorata L.)+Leaf of Cassia alata and C6 = Chemical pesticide as a control treatment with active ingredients copper oxysulfate (345 g L–1). The parameters observed were dry weight of Phytophthora palmivora biomass and extensive spotting of cacao pod rot. Botanical pesticides were applications in two phase’s inhibitory test. Firstly, is in petri dish using vegetable juice (V4) media. Secondly, is in the laboratory using healthy cocoa fruit. Result: The results showed the effectiveness of botanical pesticides from composite of cashew nut shell extract+leaf of siam weed (Chromolaena odorata L.) to inhibit the growth of Phytophthora palmivora biomass is 60.92%. Conclusion:The composite of botanical pesticides is able to inhibit the development of symptoms of black pod rot disease by 63.59%.
  Gusti Ayu Kade Sutariati , Norma Arif , Muhidin , Tresjia Corina Rakian , La Mudi and Nuralam
  Background and Objective: Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is a very important food crop in Indonesia. The development of upland rice becomes an alternative solution to meet the national rice needs. Upland rice productivity is lower than wetland rice, one of the causes is the use of low-vigor seeds. The seeds derived from previous harvest seed and newly harvested rice seedlings have physiological dormancy. Physiological dormancy relates to seed persistency. The study aimed to evaluate the persistence and development of invigoration technique to break seed dormancy of upland rice. Materials and Methods: The research was conducted at the Agronomy Laboratory, Faculty of Agriculture, Halu Oleo University. Research was arranged in a completely randomized design (CRD) consisting of 6 treatments namely: A0 (without treatment), A1 (KNO3 1%), A2 (ground brick matri-conditioning+Bacillus sp., CKD061), A3 (ground burned-rice husk matri-conditioning+Bacillus sp., CKD061), A4 (ground brick matri-conditioning+Bacillus sp., CKD061+KNO3 1%) and A5 (ground burned-rice husk matri-conditioning+Bacillus sp., CKD061+KNO3 1%). Results: The results showed that upland rice cultivars from Southeast Sulawesi have varying dormancy. The persistence of seed dormancy evaluated are Pae Parigi 2 is 8 weeks, Pae Parigi 1 is 9 weeks, Pae Kulibungka is 10 weeks, Pae Masaraha is 12 weeks and Pae Rowu is 16 weeks. Conclusion: Application of seed bio-invigoration treatment was able to break seed dormancy of local upland rice of cv. Pae Parigi 2 with the best treatment was using KNO3 1%+ground brick+Bacillus sp., CKD061.
  La Ode Nafiu , Takdir Saili , Ali Bain , Muhidin , Muhammad Rusdin and Rusli Badaruddin
  Background and Objectives: The main constraint on the development of buffalo in Southeast Sulawesi is the poor quality of the feed in the pasture, so growth tends to be slow and there is high mortality. The study aimed to investigate the response of selected heifer buffalo to feed improvement. Materials and Methods: The research was performed using a Completely Randomized Block Design (CRBD). There were 4 treatments based on the type of feed: T1 (natural grass), T2 (natural grass+concentrate (1 kg sago hampas+1.5 kg rice bran), T3 (elephant grass) and T4 (elephant grass+concentrate). Results: Treatments T2 and T4 produced average daily gains (0.502 and 0.574 kg head1 day1) respectively, significantly higher (p<0.05) than that with feeding on T1 or T3, which produced only 0.338 and 0.427 kg head1 day1, respectively. The addition of concentrate also decreased the value of feed conversion, i.e., those for T4 and T2 were only 8.637 and 10.160 kg head1 day1, respectively, significantly lower (p<0.05) than the T1 and T3 values of 11.463 and 14.928 kg head1 day1, respectively. Conclusion: The selected heifer buffalo showed a positive response to the feed improvement in the form of high daily gain and low feed conversion.
 
 
 
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