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Articles by Muhammad Saleem
Total Records ( 6 ) for Muhammad Saleem
  Muhammad Altaf , Helen Stoeckli-Evans , Syeda Shahzadi Batool , Anvarhusein A. Isab , Saeed Ahmad , Muhammad Saleem , Shafique Ahmad Awan and Muhammad Ashraf Shaheen
  Mercury(II) complexes of pyrrolidinedithiocarbamate (PDTC) having the general formula [Hg(PDTC)X] (X = Cl-, SCN-, and CN-) and [Hg(PDTC)2] have been prepared and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, and NMR. The crystal structure of [Hg(PDTC)2] has also been determined by X-ray crystallography, showing that the complex is a centrosymmetric dimer, [Hg2(PDTC)4] (bis[µ2-(pyrrolidinedithiocarbamato-S,S')(pyrrolidinedithiocarbamato-S,S')mercury(II)]) (1). The solid-state structure of 1 contains two crystallographically equivalent Hg(II) centers in a distorted tetrahedron.
  Arshed Makhdoom Sabir , Anjum Suhail , Waseem Akram , Ghulam Sarwar and Muhammad Saleem
  Nine pollen substitute diets were tested for their performance in supporting the bee colonies of Apis mellifera L. during summer 1996. Maize flour + Vitamin B-complex + Glysine (T6) proved the most suitable diet with 416.14 square inches brood area recorded in the hives provided with this diet. The next more preferred diet was Maize flour + Vitamin B-Complex + Egg yolk (T4) with 354.81 sq. inches brood area. In case of pollen area, the diet T1 (Soybean flour + Vitamin B-Complex) proved the most effective with 104,90 square inches and it was statistically better than all other treatments. Maximum honey area (195.79) square inches recorded in colonies fed with Maize flour-4-Vitamin B-Complex + Methionine (T8) and it was better than all other treatments. Maximum colony strength of 6.24 bee frames per colony was observed in the colonies fed with T7, (Soybean flour + Vitamin B-Complex + Methionine) and it was statistically similar to T8 (5.931, T9 (5.78), T1 and T4 (5.74).
  Imtiaz Yar Muhammad and Muhammad Saleem
  Malnutrition of women and children is one of the major problems in Pakistan. The prevalence of Protein Energy Malnutrition (PEM) in children under five year is 51%. It is one of the contributory factors of high infant and child under 5, morbidity and mortality in the country. This problem needs to be addressed properly in Pakistan for which the study should be undertaken urgently. According to state of world children 2000 UNICEF report, Pakistan position has been revealed worst in child under 5, mortality and infant mortality rate as compared to other neighbouring South Asian countries. The mortality rate was 136/1000 live births, in under five children in Pakistan. Similarly the mortality rate was 12 and 87/1000 in Sri Lanka and Maldives respectively during the same period. Infant mortality under one year was also on high side, it was 95 as compared to 38 in China during 1998. As compared to other south Asian countries the position in demographic and socio-economic indicators is hardly satisfactory, inspite of the fact that Pakistan is fully equipped with natural resources. There is need for sincere efforts for the development of socio-economic indicators.
  Muhammad Shahid Munir Chohan , Muhammad Saleem , Muhammad Ahsan and Muhammad Asghar
  Fifty inbred lines of Zea mays L. were screened against water stress in glass house experiment. Six inbred lines selected on the basis of various tolerance levels at seedling stage were hybridized in a diallel mating system. The F1 hybrids along with the parents were evaluated in field under normal and water stress regimes to determine the nature and magnitude of genetic variances and heritability estimates. Highly significant (p<0.01) differences were noted among the genotypes for all the traits studied under both regimes. The scaling test disclosed full adequacy for traits like plant height, ear leaf area, grain yield, Cell Membrane Thermostability (CMT) and net Photosynthetic rate (Pn) under normal condition. Similarly characters like ear leaf area, 100-grain weight, cell membrane thermostability and net photosynthetic rate under water stress condition showed additive genetic effect with partial dominance which suggested that these traits might be useful during selection for developing synthetics. The model was partially adequate for anthesis-silking interval and 100-grain weight under normal condition and plant height, anthesis-silking interval and grain yield under moisture deficit condition. Moderate to high heritability estimates for grain yield and yield related parameters revealed maximum ability to transfer the genes to the next generation.
  Fahad Masoud Wattoo , Muhammad Saleem , Muhammad Ahsan and Shahzad M.A. Basra
  Fifty inbred lines of maize acquired from various sources, were screened in the warehouse for seedling traits under both normal and water deficit conditions and six diverse inbred lines were selected. The selected inbred lines were sown in the field for making all possible crosses in diallel mating fashion. The F1 crosses and their reciprocals along with the parents were sown in the field under both regimes using a replicated Randomized Complete Block Design. Data for various agro-physiological traits were recorded at different growth stages of the crop and then subjected to statistical analysis. Significant genetic variability existed for most of the traits under normal and moisture deficit conditions. The results for scaling tests showed fully adequate for the traits like 100-kernel weight, grain yield per plant, cell membrane thermostability, stomatal conductance and canopy temperature under normal condition while plant height, 100-kernel weight, grain yield per plant, leaf temperature and canopy temperature depression under water stress condition. The data were partially adequate for the traits like anthesis-silking interval, cell membrane thermostability and stomatal conductance under moisture deficit condition. All traits exhibited additive gene action under both regimes. Heritability estimates for yield related traits revealed maximum ability to transfer the desirable genes to the next generation.
  Muhammad Saleem , Rozmi Bin Ismail , Ezarina Zakaria , Arena Che Kasim and Muhammad Azam Tahir
  The purpose of this exploratory qualitative study is to specify the importance and domains in terms of multidimensional self-perceived freedom through Focus Group Discussions (FGD) conducted with marginalized Pakistani youths. In total, three homogenous FGD are conducted in which twenty eligible volunteer youths are being selected through multi-stage random sampling. As an inclusion, all youths belong to age group of 15-24 years and they are residents from three sub-districts (Bahawalpur, Bahawalnagar, Jalalpur Peerwala) of Punjab, Pakistan that are already established least quality of life zones of Punjab. Data are audio and video tapped and transcribed carefully by veteran panel of field experts. To arrive at prudent findings, inductive thematic analysis is employed; findings are counter checked by two expert judges to avoid biases. Conclusively, importance of self-perceived freedom declared as vital part of Pakistani youth and there are ten domains come out that encompass the priority of youth in terms of freedom. Based on these findings, a questionnaire would be developed to measure the overall degree of multidimensional self-perceived freedom among youngsters.
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