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Articles by Muhammad Mushtaq
Total Records ( 2 ) for Muhammad Mushtaq
  Asma Saeed , Bushra Sultana , Farooq Anwar , Muhammad Mushtaq , Khalid M. Alkharfy and Anwarul-Hassan Gilani
  The present study reports the antioxidant and antimutaganic potential of the aqueous (30 and 70%) and acidified (0.5 and 1 N) methanolic extracts from seeds and pods of green cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum). The Total Phenolic Compounds (TPC) of extracts were determined by Follin-Ciocalteu reagent. Antioxidant activity of the extracts produced was evaluated by the measurements of 2, 2,-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity and percentage inhibition of linoleic acid peroxidation method, whereas mutagenic and antimutagenic activities were assessed using Ames bacterial test. The TPC, scavenging of DPPH° and inhibition of linoleic acid were found to be 27.75-126.35 mg gallic acid equivalent g-1 DW, 46-91% at 5 mg L-1 of extract concentration and 34-83%, respectively. Furthermore, the extracts of seeds and pods of green cardamom showed strong antimutagenic potential against mutant strains S. typhimurium TA98 and S. typhimurium TA100 while none of the extract showed mutagenicity. The results of this study support that the extracts from cardamom seeds and pods can be explored as potential chemotherapeutic agents against cancer as well as for the pharmaceutical and nutraceutical applications.
  Mohammad Saleem Khan , Sajid Rashid Ahmad , Muhammad Mushtaq and Ghulam Muhammad
  The groundwater has unique importance as protected nutrition source for survival of sustainable life against the growing surface water contamination. Groundwater receives its recharge from surface water as a part of hydrologic cycle but due to filtration process through various layers remains protected. However the water in the unconfined aquifer is more quickly influenced and gets contaminated due to industrial and other anthropogenic activities. The extra ordinary recharge from dams located at elevation is capable to induce water logging conditions in the downstream areas. The investigation in the Dhamrah Kas Basin shows that the groundwater fluctuations are being controlled by the reservoir filling and depletion in the Khanpur dam. As a result the water table is forced to fluctuate between elevations of 1640 to 1670 feet. The maximum rise of 42 feet has been recorded since the construction of Khanpur Dam during 1983. Hence due to the rise of water table the probability of groundwater contamination has been increased many folds. However stagnancy trend in the water table since 1992 reveals sealing of discontinuities due to sedimentation, so there are no chances of water logging due to Khanpur dam in the study area.
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