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Articles by Muhammad Imran
Total Records ( 7 ) for Muhammad Imran
  Tariq Mahmud , Javed Iqbal , Muhammad Imran and Vickie Mckee
  The new ligand, 2-bromo-N, N-Dimethylbenzylamine has been prepared according to scheme 1. The synthesized ligand was further reacted with Mo(CO)6 and W(CO)6 to yield 2-bromo N, N-Dimethylbenzylamine- Mo(CO)5 and 2-bromo N, N-Dimethylbenzylamine-W(CO)5 complexes, respectively. Both the ligand and its complexes were characterized on the basis of physical properties, elemental analysis data, infrared and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. It was found that the ligand has monodentate nature and coordinates with metal through its nitrogen atom thus replacing one CO molecule to maintain the charge density on metal centre.
  Muhammad Imran , Faqir M. Anjum , Masood S. Butt and Zia A. Chatha
  This study focuses on impact of consuming "Bio-omega-3" eggs on serum lipids profile of humans with a view to improve the nutrient intake of consumers in a palatable and acceptable commodity. Twenty four statin-treated volunteers with moderate hypercholesterolemia ranging in age from 25-40 years old having no diagnosed heart disease were selected from the community. Average increment in HDL-cholesterol (by 10.27%) and decrease in serum lipids concentration (by 14.18%) without significantly altering the circulating total cholesterol levels was found in human subjects after consumption of omega-3 fatty acids-enriched eggs as compared to control eggs. LDL-cholesterol, total protein, albumin and glucose concentration remained unchanged after consumption of experimental eggs (p<0.05). The results of the present study demonstrated that eggs that are enriched with omega-3 fatty acids may offer the public an alternative. With such modifications, the omega-3 fatty acids-enriched eggs may be more healthful than the conventional eggs.
  Muhammad Imran , Masood Sadiq Butt , Faqir Muhammad Anjum and Javed Iqbal Sultan
  The present exploration was an attempt to investigate the therapeutic potential of mango peel extract. For the purpose, five different mango peels namely chaunsa, anwar ratol, langra, dusahri and desi were nutritionally characterized. The nutritional analysis indicated that mango peel is a good source of moisture, protein and minerals. The means elucidated highest moisture in the peel of desi mango 71.38±2.05 followed by anwar ratol, chaunsa, langra and dusahri as 71.01±3.91, 70.74±4.01, 69.86±5.20 and 68.33±4.14%, respectively. Moreover, protein contents were reported from 1.94±0.04 to 2.36±0.01 in respective varieties. Similarly, fat and fiber contents in respective varieties were 2.31±0.14 and 5.01±0.25, 2.26±0.10 and 5.47±0.31, 2.25±0.17 and 4.88±0.12, 2.18±0.18 and 4.69±0.17 and 2.11±0.12 and 4.53±0.18%. Likewise, the recorded NFE values for respective samples were 87.87±6.87, 87.60±3.41, 88.86±5.20, 89.09±3.85 and 89.58±2.89, respectively. In the present case, the highest K content was observed in chaunsa (18.78±1.26 mg/100g) followed by desi (18.76±0.96 mg/100g), anwar ratol (17.73±1.21 mg/100g), dusahri (17.16±1.02 mg/100g) and langra (16.21±1.12 mg/100g). Similarly, Mg and Ca were recorded as 56.11±4.21 and 87.46±6.32, 54.73±3.69 and 82.72±4.18, 52.54±1.16 and 79.81±3.85, 50.25±1.52 and 75.08±4.10 and 56.83±2.32 and 78.39±5.02 mg/100g in respective mango peels. Amongst tested mango peels, ethanolic extract of chaunsa exhibited the highest TPC (75.35±3.96 mg/100g GAE), DPPH (59.28±3.69%) and β-carotene (57.33±4.14%) activities however, FRAP value (7.88±0.19 mmol/100g) was maximum in the acetone extract of chaunsa peel. From the present investigation, it is concluded that mango peel powder potential is potential source of minerals and antioxidants.
  Saima Ali , Muhammad Mukhtar , Sohail Manzoor , Zahid Hssain , Asghar Ali , Ruby Tabassum , Muhammad Imran , Muhammad Yasin Amer and Nadeem Bhatti
  Group A (control) chicks were placed on commercial feed, group B, C and D were offered feed supplemented with garlic, kalongi and turmeric @0.5 g/ Kg of feed, respectively. Overall weight gain during six weeks was highest (1476.60 g) in chicks of group C followed by those of group D (1340 g), B (1338.97 g) and A (1333.60 g), respectively. Overall feed consumption was apparently highest in chicks of group B (3110 g) followed by group C (3065 g), D (3053 g) and A (2708.33 g), respectively. Overall FCR during six weeks period was apparently best in group C (2.0) followed by group A (2.0), D (2.2) and B (2.3), respectively. Maximum value for antibody titer against ND was recorded in group C (1032), followed by group B (873.33), D (783.33) and group A (558.33), respectively. The maximum antibody titer against IBD was recorded in group C which was 1030 followed by group B (873.33), D (770) and group A (470), respectively. ANOVA on data of both diseases showed significant differences between groups with respect to antibody titre at 6 weeks. Maximum value for serum cholesterol was recorded in group A (134 mg/dL). Followed by group D (115.70 mg/dL), C (105 mg/dL) and group B (94.67 mg/dL), respectively. ANOVA on data showed significant differences between groups with respect to serum cholesterol at 6 weeks. Statistical analysis of data on various treatments revealed non-significant effect on weight gain but significant effect on feed consumption and FCR. Statistical analysis also revealed non-significant effect of treatments on the average value of dressing percentage, liver, heart, gizzard, spleen and pancreas weight but significant effect on intestinal weight, abdominal fat pad weight, antibody titre against ND and IBD and serum cholesterol level. Maximum profit was found in treatment C (Rs.30.57) followed by treatment D, B and A i.e., 23.02, 22.11 and 28.16 rupees, respectively.
  Muhammad Imran , Anwar-Ul-Hassan , Muhammad Iqbal and Ehsan Ullah
  Water is the most important factor for plant growth while potassium fertilization plays an important role under deficit irrigation or under stress condition. A pot experiment was conducted to assess the yield and water use efficiency with amelioration effect of potassium in wheat crop exposed to regulated deficit irrigation. Wheat crop was sown for two years. Pot experiment was laid out following CRD with two factorial arrangements. Each treatment was replicated thrice. Wheat variety “Sahar-2006” was sown. All the measures were taken to control weeds, other pests and diseases for the crop management. Soil water content was measured by weighing pot after 1 to 2 day’s interval throughout the growing season. Potential evapotranspiration was calculated using Penman-Montieth model. The ETa was calculated using water balance equation and crop coefficient was calculated from the lysimeter/pot trials. The data obtained was analyzed statistically. The result of this study showed that the maximum grain yield was observed with T1 (HHHHH) at K2 and second best was the T2 (MMMMM: 70-80% FC at all stages) at K2 because it showed minimum reduction in yield and save upto 20-30% water. It also showed the highest water use efficiency (WUE). It was also observed that the soil evaporation decreased with regulated deficit irrigation to some extent but it mostly depend upon on the hydraulic properties of soil. The treatment combination T3 (LLLLL: 60-70% FC at all growth satges) at K2 showed the highest root mass density and root length density during 2010-11 and 2011-12, respectively. Regulated deficit irrigation (RDI) and potassium application have significant effect on crop coefficient (Kc) during 2010-11 and 2011-12 in Winter seasons.
  Muhammad Tauseef Sultan , Atif Nisar Ahmad , Muhammad Suffyan Saddique , Mona Aghazadeh , Muhammad Imran , Mir Muhammad Nasir Qayyum and Muhammad Sibt-e-Abbas
  In the last few decades, the awareness among populations escalated about the safety issues of food additives that also resulted in global shift of consumers towards utilization of products with natural ingredients. Generally, spices like garlic and ginger are widely used in the cuisines and traditional medicines. In the present research, dried garlic and ginger powder were purchased from local market of Layyah and their antioxidant and antimicrobial potential was assessed. The results indicated the varied nutritional composition e.g. garlic contains less amounts of total sugars and higher amounts of ascorbic acid as compared to inverse trends in ginger for same traits. Both garlic and ginger contain significant amounts of macro and micro minerals. Dried ginger powder showed higher antioxidant potential as compared to the garlic. Ginger contains higher amounts of total polyphenols 826.74±37.01 mg GAE/100 g as compared to the garlic 297.80±10.72 mg GAE/100 g. Dried ginger powder showed higher inhibition of 63.74±2.23% as compared to 44.12±1.89% for garlic powder. The antimicrobial potential of the dried garlic and ginger powder yielded varied results as garlic was slightly more effective antimicrobial agent than ginger with the exception of campylobacter. However, the results regarding antimicrobial potential are based on the unidentified strains of microorganisms isolated from local fruit juices. Overall, the results indicated the potential of dried garlic and ginger powder as natural antioxidants and antimicrobial agents.
  Ahmad ALI , Masroor Ellahi BABAR , Saqib MAHMOOD and Muhammad IMRAN
  The present study was planned to generate the G-band nomenclature of the commonly occurring Lohi sheep breed in the Punjab province of Pakistan. Whole blood samples were collected through jugular venepuncture in heparinised vacutainers. The metaphase slides were prepared using standard protocols. The results from microscopic screening of 50 good quality metaphase cells from each animal were studied and they revealed a chromosome complement of 54, XX and XY in Lohi sheep. The first 3 pairs were sub/metacentric whereas the other autosomes, including X, were classed as acro/subacrocentric. The Y chromosome was the smallest metacentric chromosome and had a star-like presentation. The trypsinisation time for optimal G-bands was highly variable, and individual chromosomes were identified by G-positive and negative band markers. The identification of chromosomes 4 & 6, 8 & 9, and 19-26 was difficult because these chromosomes were indistinct and small. The X chromosome was the largest sub/acrocentric, with a prominent G-positive band along the lower middle length. Complete G-band homology was noticed between Lohi and other reported sheep breeds from different parts of the world. The G-band ideogram of Lohi was also constructed based upon the G-band organisation observed in the Lohi genome. None of the 350 metaphase cells studied revealed chromosomal abnormalities.
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