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Articles by Muhammad I. MUSTAFA
Total Records ( 2 ) for Muhammad I. MUSTAFA
  Muhammad I. MUSTAFA , John P. CHADWICK , Pervez AKHTAR , Safdar ALI , Muhammad LATEEF and Javed I. SULTAN
  In the present study 48 Suffolk x Mule (S x M) and 48 Scottish Blackface (SBF) wether lambs were used in a 2 breeds x 2 diets x 4 replications factorial experiment with 6 lambs per pen. Lambs were offered either a concentrate (CONC) finishing diet (DM: 876 g kg-1, estimated ME: 10.9 MJ kg-1 of DM, estimated DUP: 32.4 g kg{-1} of DM) ad libitum, together with 100 g hay head-1 day-1, or silage (SIL) offered ad libitum (D value: 67.2), together with up to 450 g head-1day-1of a concentrate supplement (DM: 888 g kg-1, estimated ME: 10.9 MJ kg-1 of DM, estimated DUP: 63.9 g kg-1 of DM). Lambs were slaughtered at estimated MLC fat class 2 to 3L. Both breed and diet had a significant effect on daily live weight gain (DLWG) (S x M: 282 vs. SBF: 210 g; CONC: 383 vs. SIL: 109 g) and the food conversion ratio (FCR) was significantly affected by diet (CONC: 5.3 vs. SIL: 7.7). Breed x diet interactions were significant for both DLWG and FCR. Conformation score was better in the S x M lambs than in the SBF lambs (3.2 vs. 2.6; scale E = 5, P = 1), whereas diet influenced the estimated subcutaneous fat proportion (CONC: 121.5 g kg-1vs. SIL: 113.2 g kg-1).
  Pervez AKHTAR , Safdar ALI , Asghar HUSSAIN , Muhammad A. MIRZA , Muhammad I. MUSTAFA and Javed I. SULTAN
  Data obtained from 5260 birth records of 1179 Hissardale sheep maintained at the Livestock Experiment Station, Jahangirabad, in the district of Khanewal during 1978-1995 were analyzed. The objective was to evaluate the performance and to estimate the heritability of Hissardale sheep in Pakistan. Mean 180-day, 270-day, and yearling weights were 23.5 ± 3.31 kg, 25.7 ± 3.49 kg, and 30.7 ± 3.83 kg, respectively. Mean greasy fleece weight was 3.6 ± 0.57 kg. Post-weaning mean daily weight gain was 45 ± 0.02 g. Mean weight at first service was 38.9 ± 4.9 kg. The number of services per conception averaged 1.23 ± 0.40. The sire model using PROC MIXED in SAS was used to estimate heritability. Heritability estimates for 180-day, 270-day, and yearling weights were 0.09 ± 0.03, 0.17 ± 0.04, and 0.15 ± 0.04, respectively. The heritability estimate of post-weaning average daily gain was low (0.06 ± 0.03). The heritability for greasy fleece weight was also very low (0.02 ± 0.02). Low estimates of heritability indicated the presence of less additive genetic variance and large environmental variance. Hence, improvement in the traits through selection may be limited.
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