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Articles by Muhammad Hatta
Total Records ( 3 ) for Muhammad Hatta
  Anwar Mallongi , Darwin Safiu , Hasnawati Amqam , Aminuddin Syam , Muhammad Hatta , Tatik Sutarti , Muhith Abdul , Sandu Siyoto and Apollo
  This study aims to determine the pattern of dissemination, distribution model and estimation of SO2 and CO gas emission concentration derived from the Tello diesel engine with a dynamic model approach. The design of this research is descriptive quantitative with Gaussian Model approach and dynamic system model. The study was conducted at PLTD Tello Kota Makassar by collecting secondary data. For model distribution and estimation of SO2 and CO pollution using Gaussian Model and dynamic modeling with Stella. Population in this research is data of emission emission parameters generated by Tello’s steam power plant influenced by atmospheric stability, wind direction and velocity so as to obtain concentration of pollutant by using Gaussian calculation sample sample is SO2 concentration concentration and CO PLTD Tello contained in monitoring report on RKL&RPL implementation for 2012-2017. The results of the dominant area of research are the impact of pollution from the Tello diesel power plant based on the dominant wind direction during 2012-2016 is the Northwest part of the Tello steam power plant at a height of 1 m above the ground with a distance of 500, 1, 500, 2, 500 and 4,000 m of the Tello diesel powered TTL Aspol, Panaikang, Pampang and Rappokalling. Total SO2 and CO emission concentrations derived from Tello PLTD during 2012-2016 in each location at 1 m above ground level with a distance of 500 m, i.e., Aspir Tello SO2 1.395 and CO 1.162 μg/m3, a distance of 1,500 m of SO2, SO2 1.247 and CO 1.039 μg/m3 2,500 m distance of Pampang 0.878 μg/m3 and CO 0.7317 μg/m3 and a distance of 4,000 m of Rappokalling 0.6363 μg/m3 and CO 0.5303 μg/m3 from the pollutant source of the chimney PLTD Tello. The estimated concentration of Sulfur Dioxide (SO2) and Carbon monoxide (CO) gas emissions based on 12 month dynamic model simulation (2018) is increasing every time until July 2018 at each of four location points at 1 m above the surface soil with a distance of 500 m of Aspol Tello SO2 0.26065 μg/m3 and CO 0.21530 μg/m3, 1,500 m distance of Panaikang SO2 0.04447 μg/m3 and CO 0.03134 μg/m3, distance 2500 m of Pampang SO2 0.01760 μg/m3 and CO 0.00938 μg/m3 and a distance of 4,000 m of Rappokalling SO2 0.00740 μg/m3 and CO 0.00611 μg/m3 from the source of the bursts of the Tello steam power plant with the rate of increase in the emission concentration of Asp2 SO2 0.0053 and CO 0.0044 times, SO2 04061 times and CO 0.0004 times, Pampang SO2 0.00021 times and CO 0.000073 times and Rappokalling SO2 0.000078 times and CO 0.0000064 times every month. The concentration of SO2 and CO emissions generated by the Tello steam power plant during 2012-2016 is still far below the ambient air quality standard (South Sulawesi Governor Decree No. 69 Year 2010) in each location at a height of 1 m above ground level, i.e., Aspol Tello 0-1.39 μg/m3, Panaikang 0-1.247 μg/m3 Pampang 0-0.878 μg/m3 and Rappokalling 0-0.6363 μg/m3. So, it can be said that the four areas are still included in the air quality is quite healthy.
  Muhammad Hatta , Cut Khairunnisa , Tengku Noor Azira Binti Tengku Zainudin , Ramalinggam Rajamanickam , Ahmad `Azam bin Mohd Shariff and Mohd Zamre Mohd Zahir
  Medical malpractice can take form in several different ways. For instance, a mistake in diagnosis, a wrong prescription, failure to provide medical care and surgical failure both intentionally and unintentionally are all forms of medical malpractice. It can happen and is in fact happening all over the world, affecting the medical fraternity and also patients. In Indonesia, there are two statutes that are supposed to govern all medical malpractice cases. They are Act No. 36 year 2009 and 2004. However, it is submitted that there is no legal definition of malpractice to be found in both acts. Therefore, the Criminal Code and Civil Code are resorted to in order to resolve cases of medical malpractice. It is the aim of this study to give an overview of what is meant by medical malpractice in Indonesia. The writers will also identify the relevant laws pertaining to medical malpractice in the country and in so doing determine whether the laws are adequate to solve medical malpractice cases.
  Mohd Zamre Mohd Zahir , Tengku Noor Azira Tengku Zainudin , Ramalinggam Rajamanickam , Husyairi Harunarashid and Muhammad Hatta
  Study on the rights of patients more often than not focuses on the rights as expressed in the Patient’s Charter of Malaysian Medical Association (MMA). Each individual has the right to choose what he needs or does not have any desire to be done to his body. In this situation, the component of consent is an essential variable that must exists before a doctor is permitted to treat his patient. Advance Medical Directive (AMD) is a particular archive containing able patient’s desires about his future medical arrangements in the event that he became incompetent or incapacitated to make decision regarding his body. Awareness of patient’s autonomy, especially in connection on his right to decline or withdraw treatment or choosing a specific treatment is the primary explanation behind creating and legalizing AMD. For instance, in England there is a particular law relating to advance directive. This can be found under Sections 24, 25 and 26 of the Mental Capacity Act 2005. In Malaysia, the practice of AMD is still moderately new and because of that the lawful position relating to the AMD is still unclear. This study aims to determine whether in Malaysia an adult patient can make his AMD in view of legal basis relating to it. The method utilized as a part of this study is qualitative. Thus, this study will give an overview with respect to the rights of patients in Malaysia relating to AMD.
 
 
 
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