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Articles by Muhammad Ali
Total Records ( 16 ) for Muhammad Ali
  Kamran Tassaduqe , Muhammad Ali , Abdus Salam , Lubna Kanwal , Nazish Afroze , Samrah Masood Muhammad Latif and Soban Umar
  The present study was carried out to investigate chemical composition of urinary stones in patients of different age groups of human population in Multan, Pakistan for a period of 18 months from July 2001 to January 2003. In order to obtain patients history different hospitals including Nishtar hospital Multan, Life kidney stone center, Siyal medical center and Medicare hospital were visited. Of the 263 cases of urinary stones, 193(73.38%)were in kidney, 57(21.67%) were in the urinary bladder, 13(4.94%) were in ureter. The three predominant symptoms associated with urinary stones were lumber pain, 88(33.46%), burning in micturition 72(27.37%) and heamaturia 103(39.16%).Other related symptoms were vomating 75(28.51%), fever 50(19.01%), dribbling 25(9.50%), pysuria 34(12.92%), dysuria 30(11.40%) and retention 49(18.63%).According to the chemical composition of the urinary stones, most of the stones examined in this study were of calcium oxalate + uric acid 66(25.09%), calcium oxalate 57(21.67%), calcium oxalate + calcium phosphate 51(19.39%), pure uric acid 44(16.73%), calcium oxalate + calcium phosphate + uric acid 29 (11.02%), pure calcium phosphate, 3(1.14%) and others 13 (4.94%) were of mixed lithiasis. Of these cases the incidence of formation of calcium oxalate + uric acid stone, was maximum in males of age group 14 B 49 years.
  Kamran Tassaduqe , Muhammad Ali , Abdus Salam , Muhammad Latif , Nazish Afroze , Samra Masood and Soban Umar
  The present study was carried out to assess hypertension in relation to obesity, smoking stress, family history, age and marital status among human population of Multan, Pakistan. The present data was collected randomly from the male population aging from 16 to 85 years. The male population was divided into three age groups i.e old male (age above 50 years), mature male (age 31 to 50 years) and young male (age 16 to 30 years). The study revealed that there was a strong relationship between hypertension and obesity in all age groups. Hypertensive patients had association with age, smoking, stress, family history and marital status. When comparison was made between mild, moderate and severe hypertensive patients, it was found that old married males were suffering from severe hypertension. Family history of hypertension and myocardial infarction also had a strong association with hypertension. The prevalence of hypertension was found to be maximum (17.08%) in males of age group >50 as compared to mature males (14.16%) and young males (13.48%) in observed sample population. The results from the observed population suggested that prevalence of obesity was (11.49%). The obesity was maximum (12.19%) in males of age group >50 as compared to mature males (11.51%) and young males (10.64%). In the normotensive individuals the prevalence of obesity was (8.74%) as compared to (26.99%) in hypertensive individuals.
  Khalid Mohammed Khan , Shahnaz Perveen , Safdar Hayat , Muhammad Ali , Wolfgang Voelter and Zia- Ullah
  In situ generation of hydrogen iodide from cesium iodide/methanesulfonic acid was found to be an attractive reagent combination for the conversion of alkyl, allyl, and benzyl alcohols to their corresponding iodides under mild conditions. The method is compared with that using cesium iodide/p-toluenesulfonic acid or cesium iodide/aluminium chloride.
  Khalid M. Khan , Nosheen A. Rao , Zia-Ullah , Muhammad Ali , Shahnaz Perveen , Muhammad Iqbal Choudhary , Atta-Ur-Rahman and Wolfgang Voelter
  Acridines are well-known group of compounds with a wide variety of biological properties. We describe herein an expeditious approach to prepare anilinoacridine derivatives from mefenamic acid. It is the first report of a one-pot approach to anilinoacridines in good to excellent yields.
  Aurangzeb Hasan , A. Sadiq , A. Abbas , E. Mughal , Khalid M. Khan and Muhammad Ali
  Phytochemical investigation of the leaves of Astragalus beckari yielded four flavonol aglycones, namely kaempferol, quercetin, 5-deoxy kaempferol and fisitin. These isolated compounds were then synthesised in the laboratory using the Algar-Flyn-Oyamad reaction. Antioxidant activity of both the isolated and synthesised flavonoids was compared using the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay method. The isolated flavonoids were found to be more active.
  Shahid Iqbal , Tariq Mahmood , Tahira , Muhammad Ali , Muhammad Anwar and Muhammad Sarwar
  Interrelationships between yield and its components were determined by genotypic correlation and path coefficient analysis in ten soybean varieties. The results indicated that seed yield plant–1 was positively and significantly associated with all parameters studied. The results also showed that pods plant–1 has maximum positive direct effect on yield plant–1. It was followed by 100 seed weight and seeds pod–1. Plant height had negative direct effect on yield plant–1. It was concluded that pods plant–1, seeds pod-` and 100 seed weight were the main yield components.
  Muhammad Ali , Abdus Salam , Furhan Iqbal and Bakhtyawar Ali Khan
  Growth of fish population from two sites was significantly different from each other (comparison of b = 2.9 and 2.29 P < 0.001). Condition factor also showed similar trend. Mean value of condition factor for site 1, K = 1.04 and mean condition factor for site 2, K = 0.75. Growth performance was higher in site 1 than fishes of site 2. It is concluded that the conditions for growth of Channa punctata were better at site 1, i.e., Basti Rattan Wali, Multan than at site 2, i.e., Talagang, Chakwal.
  Kamran Tassaduqe , Muhammad Ali , Abdus Salam and Soban Umar
  The present study was carried out to assess the haemoglobin level of different age groups of human population in Multan, Pakistan for a period of 18 months from June 2001 to December 2002. The study revealed that both old and mature male/females had significantly higher percentage of haemoglobin level than youngs. The percentage haemoglobin of males was significantly higher than females. Hb percentage was significantly higher in summer than winter. Whereas overall percentage haemoglobin when compared for male and females with standard levels, the whole population was found to be below the normal range. Therefore it is concluded that the experimental population appears to be anaemic.
  Kamran Tassaduqe , Muhammad Ali , Abdus Salam , Muhammad Latif and Tasveer Zahra
  The present study was carried out to investigate the seasonal variations in physico chemical and biological parameters of River Indus for a period of eleven months from November 1993 to September 1994. For this purpose five different locations, Kaloorkot, Darya Khan, Ghazi Ghat Taunsa Barrage and Chachran Sharif were selected for sampling. Water samples were collected on monthly basis and were analyzed for estimation of water temperature, temperature above surface of water, temperature above surface of bank, pH and total dissolved solids. Only Darya Khan was selected for studying planktonic life. The minimum value of temperature of water 0°C in winter months while the maximum temperature of water was 36.67°C in the month of July. The minimum pH 6.9 was recorded in the month of June, while in winter months pH goes on increasing, reaching up to 8.9 showing that in winter months pH of water increases and in summer months pH of water decreases. The minimum value of total dissolved solids was 0.3 mg l-1 in April and 12.49 in August showing an increase in total dissolved solids in winter months. During the whole study 43 different genera of phytoplankton and 17 different genera of zooplankton were observed at Darya Khan. The parameters were analyzed to investigate probable pollution at different points in River Indus to suggest ways and means to improve the feeding and conservation of Indus Dolphin ecology.
  Muhammad Ali , Abdus Salam , Saima Jamshaid and Tasveer Zahra
  The current study was started from March to December 2001 to investigate the seasonal variations in biological parameters and biodiversity in water of River Indus at Ghazi Ghat (D.G. Khan) by analyzing the frequency of occurrence, relative abundance and diversity index of planktonic life. Density and diversity of Planktonic life was used as a measure of water quality. Phytoplankton were abundant as compared to Zooplankton. 125 Phytoplankton genera were recorded. Among these 17 of Cyanophyta, 3 of Cryptophyta, 1 of Pyrrophyta, 10 of Chrysophyta, 5 of Xanthophyta, 18 of Bacillariophyta, 8 of Euglenophyta, 49 of Chlorophyta, 4 of Charophyta, 1 of Rhodophyta, 7 of Macrophyta and one genera of filamentous algae. 44 genera of Zooplankton were observed including 22 of Protozoans, 10 of Rotifers, 6 of Cladocera and 6 of Copepoda.
  Kamran Tassaduqe , Tariq Aziz , Muhammad Ali , Shahnaz Kousar , Abdus Salam and Soban Umar
  The present study was carried out to assess the lipid profile in relation to sex, age in non-obese and non-diabetic patients with essential hypertension among human population of Multan, Pakistan for a period of 24 months from June 2001 to May 2003. The study revealed that there was a highly significant effect of age on total cholesterol of both hypertensive and normotensive individuals.The highest level of total cholesterol was present in hypertensive patients of 41-45 age group. The normotensive had low level of total cholesterol than hypertensive. There was no effect of age on triglycerides and HDL cholesterol. Hypertensive patients had higher level of LDL cholesterol than normotensive. The male had significantly higher level of total cholesterol than female and higher LDL cholesterol. The male had marginally higher level of triglycerides than females. There was no effect of sex on HDL cholesterol. When comparison was made between mild, moderate and severe hypertensive patients, it was found that severe hypertensive patients had significantly higher level of total cholesterol and triglycerides than mild and moderate hypertensive patients. There was no effect of severity of hypertension on HDL cholesterol and LDL cholesterol.
  Furhan Iqbal , Muhammad Ali , Abdus Salam and Younas Kohkar
  The present study was designed to demonstrate the seasonal variations in inorganic elements of River Soan at Dhoak Pathan Bridge, for a period of eight months from May 2001 to December 2001. Water samples were collected on monthly basis and different metals were detected through atomic Absorption Spectroscopy. The levels of Zn and Mg concentrations were below the detection limit. Na concentration was maximum in May (168.75 ppm) and minimum in July (22.5 ppm). K concentration was maximum in December (12.31 ppm) and minimum (3.94 ppm) in August. Ca concentration was maximum in May (34.25 ppm) and minimum in October (4.25 ppm). Maximum variation was observed in case of Sr. Sr was not detected in May and July while maximum (0.47 ppm) Sr was detected in November and minimum (0.04 ppm) in June. The overall levels of inorganic elemental concentrations were within the safe limits at the sampling site throughout the study period.
  Zammurud Subzwari , Abid Hasnain and Muhammad Ali
  This study attempts to find out the determinants of food acceptance and micro-nutrient deficiency in preschool children from Karachi, Pakistan. Primary data was collected through survey from 400 households by interviewing and filling up the questionnaire. Index for food acceptance and micro-nutrient deficiency were constructed with the help of related questions from the questionnaire. Econometric models were developed and Logit techniques was employed to estimate probability of end indicator. Our results show that increase Micro-Nutrient Deficiency (MND) may cause lower level of Food Acceptance and vice versa. On the other hand, modeling food acceptance may indicate higher level of MND among preschoolers reduce the acceptance level of appropriate food. Other important variables like Household Income, Mother’s Literacy and Mother’s Maternal Knowledge showed significant effects and appropriate signs of coefficients as per expectations. On the basis of these findings, if government targets the core independent variables that are identified in the analysis, Food Acceptance level can be increased amongst the children and Micro-Nutrient Deficiency could then be reduced. Consequently government intervention, both long term and short term are needed to provide and regulate the food acceptance behavior either at household level or at other form so that our generation could be healthier and more productive which would lead the economic growth of a country which is abundant in labor.
  Muhammad Ali , Ikram Ullah , Saeed Ahmad , Hayat Khan and Haji Akbar
  In Pakistan, especially in NWFP tallow is used as commercial deep-frying agent for the traditional fast foods chapli and Shami kebabs and is widely accepted for its color, flakiness, flavor and tenderness. The effect of 10 h continuous commercial kebab frying on the physiochemical parameters of the tallow was studied and evaluated. The tallow was evaluated for ash%, Peroxide Value, Optical Density, Conjugated Dienes, Conjugatet Ttrienes, %FFA, Acid Value and Anisidine Value after 0, 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 h of frying and the effect of frying kebab resulted in the increase of all these parameters. Results of the linear regression model suggest that frying kebabs have significant correlation with the oxidation of tallow and continuous frying for more than 10 h is not recommended. It is also concluded that kebab frying accelerate the thermal oxidation of the tallow. The results obtained in this experiment propose that POV can be adopted as the standard factor in the evaluation of oxidation of tallow used for the frying kebab and the upper limit will be determined as 28 meq/kg.
  Muhammad Ali , Amin Ullah , Hidayat Ullah , Fawad Khan , Syed Muhammad Ibrahim , Liaqat Ali and Shakil Ahmad
  Walnuts (Juglans regia L.) are rich source of a number of important nutrients that have a very positive effect on the human health. In this study nuts of six different walnut cultivars grown in Pakistan namely Chitral-1, SW-1, Chitral-3, Chitral-2, SW-3 and Dir-2 were selected and evaluated for their physical properties, proximate and mineral composition. The nut length was found in the range of 35.17-41.37 mm, nut diameter (31.72 mm-34.32 mm), Nut thickness (32.21-35.10 mm), nut weight (10.30 g-19.22 g), Kernel weight (5.81 g-9.24 g), Kernel ratio (43.19-65.14%), shell thickness (0.81-1.35 mm), moisture content (2.76-4.20%), ash content (1.27-1.95%), fats (63.54-69.92%), protein (15.96-19.15%) and total carbohydrates (8.04-12.14%). Kernels of Dir-2 and Chitral-2 cultivars were determined to contain high protein content (>18% protein) while Chitral-1 and SW-1 contain high carbohydrates content of >10%. The energy value of the kernels of these cultivars was determined in the range of 698.10-732.44 Kcal/100 g, which shows that the fruits of these varieties are rich source of energy. In minerals the level of sodium is 40.9-64.5 ppm, K (3551-4827ppm), Ca (925-1250 ppm), Fe (30.08-41.20 ppm), Zn (11.75-25.5 ppm), Mg (1059-1765 ppm), Cu (1.96-2.75 ppm) and Pb (0.69-1.06 ppm). The fruit properties indicates that Chitral-3, Chitral-2 and SW-3 are superior walnut cultivars in terms of their physical properties than the rest of the cultivars and they could be cultivated and developed as standard varieties in Pakistan. Moreover, kernels of all the cultivars studied are rich in K, Ca, Mg, Na and Fe.
  Ikram Ullah , Muhammad Ali and Arifa Farooqi
  Grains of ten maize varieties grown in NWFP, Pakistan were obtained and investigated for physicochemical characteristics, proximate composition, energy content and mineral composition. Mean electrical conductivity and thousand seed mass were determined in the range of 9.26-33.83 μS and 319-230.4 g, respectively. Proximate composition shows moisture content in the range of 9.201-10.908%, ash (0.7-1.3%), fats (3.21-7.71%), protein (7.71-14.60%), crude fiber (0.80-2.32%) and carbohydrates (69.659-74.549%). The data indicate that seeds of these varieties vary greatly in term of protein, fats and crude fiber contents. Pahari, Jalal 2003, WD- 2*8 and Azam varieties were determined to contain high protein content (>10% protein) while WD-2*8, Pop. 2004B, PSEV 3-2 and Sarhad (W) contain high fats content of >6%. The energy value of the grains of these varieties was determined in the range of 307.047-394.066 kcal/100 g which shows that the grains of these varieties are rich source of energy. In minerals the level of sodium is 540.30-620.41ppm, K (2915-3471 ppm), Ca (410-590 ppm), Fe (38.02-56.14 ppm), Zn (37.05-52.4 ppm), Mg (985.2-1125.3 ppm) and Cu (11.02-14.25 ppm).
 
 
 
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