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Articles by Muhammad Akram
Total Records ( 5 ) for Muhammad Akram
  Muhammad Akram , Nasir M.Z. Nawaz , A. Baksh and M.A. Summrah
  This experiment was conducted at the Horticulture Research Station, Nowshera, Soany Valley, Khushab during 1997-98. Various rootstocks viz. Wild apricot (Hari), peach and almond were tested for almond scion on the basis of their effect on grafting success, scion thickness, stock thickness and height of grafted plants, Maximum grafting success (69.33) stock and scion girths (4.35 and 4.07), plant height (45.0 cm) when almond scion was grafted on almond stock during 1997. Almost similar trend was noted during 1998, However, peach rootstock performed better than Hari rootstock during both years. Conclusively almond rootstock is recommended for almond propagation in the Pothohar tract.
  Muhammad Owais Ahmed Khan , E. Mohiuddin , Khan Usmanghani , Abdul Hannan , Muhammad Akram , S.M. Ali Shah and M. Asif
  Present research work was conducted to study the clinical efficacy of coded herbal medicine Arthritin in comparison with Methotrexate for treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. One hundred patients with rheumatoid arthritis were randomly assigned into two groups, 50 in each group. Test group was treated with Arthritin and control group was treated with Methotrexate. The effect of both drugs for treatment of rheumatoid arthritis was observed before and after treatment. Comparison of data recorded by physician relating to these variables showed significant differences between test and control groups (p<0.05). The efficacy of the test treated medication (Arthritin) was superior as p = 0.03. Arthritin is more effective than the Methotrexate in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.
  Muhammad Hafeez , Afzal Ahmed , Khan Usmanghani , E. Mohiuddin , H.M. Asif , Muhammad Akram and Riaz ur Rehman
  Infertility is one of the most tragic of all marital problems. Despite recent advances in the treatment of male infertility, the problem has not been satisfactorily tackled. The infertility may be due to an inadequate number of spermatozoa in the semen, the failure of the spermatozoa to move with sufficient vigor towards their goal or that they are deficient in other respects. Aims of the study is to investigate the safety and efficacy of Xperm (Herbal Medicine) in test group in comparison with Sulfonylureas plus (Allopathic) in control group. A Causi experimental randomized controlled, two-arm parallel group clinical trial conducted at Shifa-ul-Mulk Memorial Hospital for Eastern Medicine, Hamdard University Karachi. Hundred patients in the age group of 20-50 years with idiopathic infertility with a total sperm count less than 20 million/ml. Comparison of data recorded by participants relating to these variables showed significant differences between test and control groups (p<0.05) despite the fact that no side effects were at all recorded in test group. Overall clinical success was observed in both treatment groups however the efficacy of the test treated medication (Xperm) was superior as p = 0.03. Xperm is more effective than the Sulfonylureas plus in the treatment of Oligospermia and male infertility.
  Sana Tabassum , Muhammad Amin , Muhammad Akram and Muhammad Aman Ullah
  Neonatal death rates and morbidity is forever a high interest for doctors and public health specialist. Main objectives of this research is to determine the prevalence of neonates diseases in Multan region, to make assessment which disease has been most commonly occurring in this region and finally present comparison of neonatal diseases proportion by gender. This study was carried out in the Children ward, Nishter Hospital, Multan from 1st January to 31st July 2012 and data of all admitted neonates were recorded. Descriptive statistics and z-test was used for the comparison of proportion of neonatal diseases by gender. A total of 889 neonates patients were observed during this period which comprises 535 (60.18%) male and 354 (39.82%) female. Of the all neonatal diseases, Birth asphyxia (B.A) was the most frequent i.e., 424 (47.69%) patients. Preterm babies were 168 (18.90%) and babies with sepsis were 155 (17.44%). Tetanus followed 12 (1.35%), Meconium Aspiration Syndrome (MAS) 28 (3.15%) babies and babies who born premature were 46 (5.17%). From z-test, we have found that all neonatal diseases by gender are significant. In our study Birth asphyxia, preterm, prematurity, MAS, sepsis, and tetanus are the main causes of neonatal admissions, while preterm birth, birth asphyxia and sepsis are in great proportion. When comparison was made, it was revealed that the prevalence of all neonatal diseases is higher among male neonates than female except in MAS neonates. The Solid and supportable policies are required to formulate and carried out to escape from numerous preventable reasons of neonatal morbidity and mortality.
  Qaisar Abbas , Ijaz Ahmad , Muhammad Asghar Shahid , Muhammad Faheem Akhtar , Mussurat Hussain , Muhammad Akram and Ali Raza
  A field study was carried out to determine the role of weather factors on canola aphids population. Aim of this study was to investigate, how meteorological factors play a role in fluctuating aphid population. The experiment was conducted on canola crop grown under three farming systems i.e., synthetic fertilizer, farm yard manure and untreated control. Aphid population was recorded from 1st week of February to 2nd week of March during 2009 and 2010 and weather data was collected from metrological observatory during the same period. The results revealed that a peak aphid population was recorded during the beginning of 2nd week of March in both years of the study. Aphid density was positively associated with maximum as well as minimum temperature while it showed a negative correlation with relative humidity. The rainfall during 2009 showed significant and negative correlation with aphid population while during 2nd year of studies (2010) it showed non significant correlation. On division of aphid infestation period into different phases of infestation, it was observed that during the establishment phase, the rainfall and relative humidity were negatively correlated, whereas, temperature was positively correlated while, during the declining phase temperature had negative relationship with aphid population build up.
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