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Articles by Muhammad Faheem Malik
Total Records ( 12 ) for Muhammad Faheem Malik
  Syed Waseem-ul-Hassan and Muhammad Faheem Malik
  The experiment was conducted for the three consecutive years (1995-97) at three different locations (Agriculture Research Institute, Sariab, Quetta and private farms at Kanak and Kalat in Balochistan) simultaneously. The objective was to manage weeds by the conventional hand weeding (two hand and four hand) and weedicides; 2,4-D (Phenoxy acid), Ronstar (Oxadiazon) and Tribunil (Methabenzthiazuron) application in onion (Allium cepa L.). Morphological characters of plant (number, size and weight of bulbs) were considered for measuring the crop yield in broadcasted onion. The >14 weeds of different families were recorded from the experimental plots. Cyperus rotundus at ARI, Quetta and Convolvulus arvensis at the other two locations were the most destructive. Ameranthus hybridus, Convolvulus arvensis, Chenopodium album, Echinochloa spp. and Sophora alopecuroides) also caused significant damage to the crop yield. All the weeds were significantly controlled by the cultural and chemical control methods. Four hand weeding provided; minimum weed density (11.67) at Kalat, maximum number of bulbs (793) at Kanak, maximum bulb size and bulb weight (21.23 cm and 320 gm, respectively) at ARI, Quetta and the best yield (29.50 tons ha-1) from the experimental plot at Kalat. Cultural control (four hand weeding) is recommended as the best weeds control treatment in broadcasted onion in the province of Balochistan.
  Syed Yaqoob Shah , Muhammad Faheem Malik and Liaquat Ali
  To evaluate the effectiveness of the localized irrigation systems (Trickle and Bubbler) in the deciduous fruits, a survey was conducted in five deciduous fruit trees producing districts; Quetta, Pishin, Loralai, Ziarat and Khuzdar of Balochistan, Pakistan. During the survey 125 farmers were interviewed to get the data about the study. It was observed that only establish farmers having their own farms responded to the localized irrigation systems. Among the localized irrigation systems trickle irrigation was found the best and most practicable system among the farmers.
  Muhammad Faheem Malik , Muhammad Nawaz and Zahid Hafeez
  To evaluate the effect of row-to-row distance of onion plants on thrips population, an experiment was conducted in Quetta, Pakistan. Five line spacing (20, 25, 30, 35 and 40 cm) with constant 20 cm plant-to-plant distance were tested. An inverse relation was found between increased line spacing and thrips population. Maximum mean number of thrips (162.4 plant-1) was observed on the plants cultivated in 20 cm apart rows with minimum yield (20310 kg ha-1). Minimum mean number of thrips (96.20 and 98.55 plant-1) was recorded from T5 (40 cm RxR distance) and T4 (35 cm RxR distance) with 20380 and 21250 kg ha-1 yield, respectively. Optimum number of thrips (114.3 plant-1) was recorded on plant cultivated in 30 cm apart lines with maximum yield (28250 kg ha–1). 30 cm row-to-row distance with 20 cm plant-to-plant distance in onion is recommended as an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) tool to culturally control thrips in the crop.
  Muhammad Faheem Malik , Mohammad Nawaz and Zahid Hafeez
  Six onion (Allium cepa L.) varieties (Red Creole, Chiltan-89, Local, Sariab Surkh, White Globe and Local Kandhari) were evaluated against thrips infestation in Quetta, Pakistan. The results of the trial revealed that Thrips tabaci Lindeman (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) is the attacking species to onion in the region. The said pest infested more or less all varieties. Local Kandhari followed by Sariab Surkh were the most susceptible to thrips infestation while Chiltan-89 was the least. Red Creole and White Globe were discarded due to their poor performance in terms of growth and yield. Both are short days varieties thus not suited to the region. Maximum yield (10750 kg ha-1) was obtained by Chiltan-89 and minimum by Sariab Surkh and Local Kandhari (2543 and 3418 kg ha-1 respectively). The population got its peek at 28.51°C in the month of August when maximum numbers of thrips per plant (17.55) were recorded. On the basis of the results onion variety Chiltan-89 is recommended for commercial cultivation in the region.
  Muhammad Faheem Malik and Liaquat Ali
  Codling moth (Cydia pomonella, Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) was monitored and controlled in the valley of Quetta, Balochistan, Pakistan, in an apple orchard by pheromone traps. The moth got climax at 19.50 and 18.85 during Ist and 29.30 and 27.90°C during 2nd generation, 1998, 99 respectively. A total average of 267 and 273 moths were captured during the entire seasons in the said years respectively. Comparing to the chemical control, the results are not attractive, but the study reveals that the technique could be used, for monitoring/forecasting, in addition to the control of the said pest in the field.
  Muhammad Faheem Malik
  More than 144,000 adult Trichogrammatoidea bactrae, (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) were released in short staple, Pima 5-6 cotton (Gossypium barbadense L.) in Sewer Farm (SF), New Mexico State, USA. Total parasitization in Pink bollworm (Pectinophora gossypiella S., Lepidoptera, Gelechiidae, PBW) eggs in two replications was 14.72% and 18.53% respectively.
  Syed Waseem-ul-Hassan and Muhammad Faheem Malik
  The conventional hand weeding practices were compared with weedicides (2,4-D, Ronstar and Tribunil) application to control different weeds and to observe the improvement of onion (Allium cepa) yield by considering some plant`s morphological characters (number, size and weight of bulbs) in transplanted onion. 18 weeds of different families were recorded from the experimental plots. Ameranthus hybridus, Convolvulus arvensis, Cyperus rotundus, Chenopodium album, Echinochloa spp. and Sophora alopecuroides were the most damaging. All the treatments (cultural and chemical control methods) had positive significant effect on the weed control and onion yield. Three years field trials revealed that cultural control (four hand weeding) is the best for weeds control in transplanted onion, because it provided maximum weeds control in the tested crop
  Syed Waseem-ul-Hassan and Muhammad Faheem Malik
  The study was run to determine the susceptibility of major wheat (Triticum aestivum) varieties (Zardana, Zarghoon, Sariab-92, Zamindar, Inqalab and local) of Balochistan to registered herbicides (Dicuran, Panther, Tolkan, Buctril-M, 2,4-D and Logran). Different levels of herbicides (Dicuran @ 2.5 & @ 3.75; Panther @ 1.875 & 2.81; Tolkan @ 2.00 & 3.00; Bactril-M @ 1.875 & 2.81; 2,4-D @ 2.5 & 3.75 and Logran @ 2.5 & 3.75 L ha‾1, optimum and maximum dose respectively) were used. Best results, in respect of both weed suppression (37 m‾2) and wheat grain yield (3.45 tons ha‾1), was obtain by the optimum dose (1.875 L ha‾1) of Panther.
  Muhammad Faheem Malik , Daud-ur-Rehman , Mansoor Ahmed Bajwa , Naveed Latif Lodhi , Liaquat Ali and Syed Nazar Ali Shah
  Pheromone traps against American Bollworm (Helicoverpa armigera Hub., Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) were installed at 1.5 m from the ground in peas (Pisum sativum var. Green Feast). First month was appeared on 25th and 23th April 1994-95 and 1995-96 seasons respectively. Four peaks of the pest infestation were observed each years. 1st peak (13 and 16 months) was recorded on 09-05-95 and 12-05-96 respectively. The average temperatures were 25.50 and 20.45°C, each day respectively. Last peak (16 and 11 months) was recorded on 26-06-95 and 21-06-96 respectively. The average temperature were 25.40 and 24.30°C, each day respectively. A total mean of 424 and 416 months were captured during the two seasons of the study respectively. The adult pest remained in the field till the end of the crop. The study strongly recommends the use of the pheromones than pesticides against the said pest in peas not only to control but also for the monitoring of H. armigea.
  Muhammad Faheem Malik , Mohammad Nawaz and Zahid Hafeez
  A comparative study of six onion (Allium cepa L.) varieties (Red Creole, Chiltan-89, Local, Sariab Surkh, White Globe and Local Kandhari) was conducted against thrips infestation in Quetta, Pakistan. The results of the trial revealed that Thrips tabaci Lindeman (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) is the attacking species to onion in the region. All the varieties were infested by thrips at various degrees. Maximum yield (11500 kg ha-1) was obtained by Chiltan-89 and minimum (812.5 kg ha-1) by Red Creole. Local Kandhari followed by Sariab Surkh were the most susceptible to thrips infestation while Chiltan-89 was optimum. The population got its peek (14.74 thrips per plant) at 27.910C with 52.64% humidity in the month of August. On the basis of the results onion variety Chiltan-89 is recommended for commercial cultivation in the region.
  Muhammad Faheem Malik , Mohammad Nawaz , Mujahid Iqbal , Muhammad Akram Alizai and Mirza Abdul Wahid
  Yield potential of six onion (Allium cepa L.) cultivars (Red Creole, Chiltan-89, Local, Sariab Surkh, White Globe and Local Kandhari) was evaluated in thrips infested and control environment at Quetta, Balochistan, Pakistan. The results of the trial revealed that Thrips tabaci Lindeman (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) is the attacking species to onion in the region. The said pest infested more or less all varieties. Local Kandhari followed by Sariab Surkh were the most susceptible to thrips infestation while Chiltan-89 was the least. Red Creole and White Globe were discarded due to their poor performance in terms of yield. Maximum yield (12250 Kg ha-1) was obtained by Chiltan-89 while maximum % increase in yield was observed in Sariab Surkh and Local Kandhari (18.6 and 16.69%, respectively). Results of the study showed that Chiltan-89 is the best onion cultivar for the region regarding minimum thrips infestation and maximum yield. But Sariab Surkh and Local Kandhari have great potential of yield in thrips controlled environment. The elimination of thrips could improve the onion yield up to 19%.
  Muhammad Faheem Malik
  Selected laboratory life table studies of Trichgrammatoidea bactrea were made at New Maxico State University USA. Life history studies were run at 13, 18, 23 and 28 °C at a constant 55% relative humidity (RH) and a 11/13 (light/dark) photoperiod. Speed of development from egg to adult stage ranged from 50.31 to 8.72 days at temperature from 13 to 28 °C respectively. Immature mortality was highest (32.01%) at 28 °C and lowest (16.79%) 18 °C. More female than males were found at all temperatures. Female fecundity related directly to temperatures. There were 24 eggs per female at 28 °C and 12 eggs per female at 13 °C. Females lived longer than males at all temperatures. Net productive rate was maximum at 23 °C (10.629) and minimum at 13 °C (4.751). In trinsic rate of increase and finite rate were maximum at 28 °C (0.231 and 1.261 respectively) and minimum at 13 °C (0.029 and 1.030 respectively).
 
 
 
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