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Articles by Muhammad Ali Chang
Total Records ( 2 ) for Muhammad Ali Chang
  Muhammad Iqbal , Muhammad Ali Chang , Abdul Jabbar , Muhammad Zafar Iqbal , Muhammad-ul-Hassan and Noor-ul-Islam
  Certain features of gross morphology of the cotton plant furnish clues to earliness of crop production. Node of first fruiting branch (NFB), number of monopodial branch per plant (NMB), days taken to first flower, days taken to open first boll were used a morphological measures of earliness in the studies reported here. The estimation of component of variation for these characters suggested that the additive component was significant in all the traits and were greater than dominant components of variation except for seed cotton yield per plant, where the dominant components were higher in magnitude than additive. The ratio of H2/4H1 indicated asymmetry of positive and negative genes in parents for seed cotton yield and percent first pick, whereas symmetrical distribution of positive and negative genes in the parents was observed for node of first fruiting branch, number of monopodial branches per plant, days taken to first flower and days taken to open first boll. All of these traits were significantly correlated but because of its higher heritability and lower variability, node of first fruiting branch is considered the most reliable and the most practical one of these. NFB and NMB were significantly correlated phenotypically with percent first pick (earliness). From the estimates of heritability value (broad and narrow) sense it was concluded that cross Reshmi x NIAB-78, NIAB-78 x MNH-93 and S-14 x NIAB-78 are valuable crosses for improvement of early maturing traits (node of first fruiting branch, days taken to first flower, days taken to open first boll and percent first pick) with seed cotton yield.
  Muhammad Iqbal , Muhammad Zaffar Iqbal , Muhammad Ali Chang and Khezir Hayat
  Exploiting heterosis is one method to increase cotton yield that has stagnated in recent years. One primarily to difficulty of producing F1 seed, use of heterosis in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) has been limited. The objective of this study was to evaluate the potential of using F2 hybrids by comparing them with parents, commercial variety and F1,S for yield, yield components and fiber quality. The second objective of this study was to determine if parental research organization of origin was related to mid parent and useful heterosis. The genetic design was a half diallel consisting of six parent (evolved by different research organization), 15 F1,s and 15 F2,s. The 36 genotypes were grown in 2002-2003. Yield, yield components fiber length, strength and micronaire reading were determined. The highest yielding parent was FH-901 (3517 kg ha-1) with good yield components (recommended commercial variety for general cultivation), while the variety Reshmi had best quality traits among these parents. The cross combinations MNH439 X CIM-448, FH-901 X CIM-448 and NIAB-78 xX CIM-448 showed minimum inbreeding depression (-34.6, -20.0 and -21.8%, respectively) for seed cotton yield. These crosses also showed less inbreeding depression for yield components and fiber traits than expected inbreeding depression i.e 50.0%. General combining ability mean squares were significant for all traits and specific combining ability mean squares were also significant for all traits except boll weight and fiber strength. The GCA effects were higher than SCA effects for all traits, which indicated that additive gene action is prevailing with dominant for expression of these traits. The variety CIM448 was the best general combiner for the yield and yield components.
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