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Articles by Muhammad Akram
Total Records ( 4 ) for Muhammad Akram
  Muhammad Tariq Khan , Muhammad Naeem and Muhammad Akram
  An experiment was conducted to find out the most economical number of sprays for the control of insect pest complex of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Different applications of curacron 500 EC and polytrin-C 440 EC were applied on variety gomal-93. The boll number and seed cotton yield increased, while the boll weight decreased with increase in number of sprays. Three and four spray applications gave lowest yield (1449 and 1453 kg ha-1 respectively), while five and six sprays were at par with maximum yield (2554 and 2581 kg ha-1, respectively). Although seven and eight sprays gave maximum yield (2605 and 2677 kg ha-1, respectively), but keeping in view of the cost involved and safety of the ecosystem, five sprays based on pest's economic threshold level are most economical that gave reasonable yield (2683 kg ha-1).
  Nazir Ahmad , Muhammad Abid , Khadim Hussain , Muhammad Akram and Muhammad Yousaf
  The study was carried out to assess the macro and micro nutrients status and their relation with pH, organic matter, clay contents and calcium carbonate (CaCO3) in the rice growing areas (Kallar track). Soil samples from 0-15 cm depth were collected from 45-50 sites located in this area. The soil samples were processed and analyzed for macro and micronutrients. Results indicated that 40% soil samples were deficient in total N, 17.77% P, 4.41% SO4, 60% Zn, 4.5% Cu and 13.33% Mn. The K, Ca+Mg, Fe and B were not deficient. About 15.15% were low in total N, 33.33 in P, 6.66% in SO42 -S and 22.22% in Zn and no one in K, Ca+Mg, Cu, Fe, Mn and B. Soil pH, organic matter, clay and CaCO3 contents were correlated with macro and DTPA (diethyletriaminepenta-acetic acid) extractable available micronutrients. Organic matter showed positive correlation with N (0.969**), whereas pHs correlated negative with Mn (-0.316*). Clay contents showed significant positive correlation with K (0.325*), Cu (0.372*) and B (0.269*). Similarly, significant positive correlation of CaCO3 was recorded with Cu (0.415*) and Mn (0.360*).
  Sumaira Kanwal , Riaz Hussain , Faisal Bilal and Muhammad Akram
  Sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy in breast cancer is an emerging technique that decreases surgical morbidity. SLN was successfully identified as blue node with blue lymphatic after intradermal injection of isosulfan. The breast tumor was clinically palpable having a size of 4cm in upper and out quadrant of right breast with non palpable axillary lymph nodes. The tumor malignancy was documented pre-operativly by excision biopsy. SLN biopsy offers an ideal staging procedure for early breast cancer patients. SLN biopsy is a simple, inexpensive and accurate procedure in breast cancer patients whose axillary nodes are non-palpable .
  Hasnat Ahmad , Muhammad Akram and Amir Iqbal
  The project was planned to study the effectiveness of cooling through surface wetting on the performance of 384 Single Comb White Leghorn layers maintained in cages during summer season. Group A was kept as control where no water was sprayed for surface wetting of layers. Group B was sprayed with water once daily at 12.00 noon, group C was sprayed twice a day at 12.00 noon and at 2.00 p.m. and group D was sprayed thrice a day at 12.00 noon, 2.00 p.m. and at 4.00 p.m. The egg production was improved by 3.368 and 4.882 percent in birds where water was sprayed once as compared to control and twice daily. Egg production was better at 1.187 percent where water was sprayed 3 times a day than those of twice. It was observed that thrice sprinkling was 0.89, 3.374 and 4.881 percent more efficient in feed conversion ratio as compared with twice, once and control, respectively. Control group had 0.303, 2.185 and 2.185 percent less final body weight than group of once, twice and thrice.
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