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Articles by Mohsen Mohammadi
Total Records ( 11 ) for Mohsen Mohammadi
  Mohsen Mohammadi , Ehsan Ghasemi , Hamid Mokhayeri , Yadollah Pournia and Hadis Boroun
  This study evaluated urine cultures and the antimicrobial resistance patterns of E. coli detected from urine culture. This study was performed on 520 hospitalized urine samples including 401 females and 119 males during one year (2008-2009) in Khorramabad City (West Iran). The urine cultures and antibiotic sensitivity tests based on Kirby-Bauer method were analyzed according to the antibiotic resistance pattern of each bacterium. A total of 520 urine samples were analyzed out of which 129 (24.8%) showed significant growth and 115 (89.1%) were gram-negative bacteria. The most frequently detected gram-negative bacterium was E. coli with 85 cases (73.9%). Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) was seen in 79.1% of the females as compared to 20.9% of the males (p<000.1). The most resistance rates for E. coli detected from urine culture were to ampicillin with 98.4% and to amoxicillin with 83.7%, respectively. The most antibiotic sensitivity rates were to amikacin with 93.3%, ciprofloxacin with 91.5%, nitrofurantoin with 89.8% and to nalidixic acid with (78.7%), respectively. Present findings demonstrated the significance of resistance increase of E. coli detected from urine culture to various groups of antibiotic drugs, caused by the irregular use of antibiotics.
  Mohammad Mahboubi , Babak Rastegari Mehr , Zinab Mirzai Dostan , Atefeh Zahedi , Sasan Ghorbani Kalkhaje and Mohsen Mohammadi
  This study was conducted with the aim of exploring the impact of mass media on AIDS from the perspective of individuals with AIDS and its impact on the anxiety of these individuals in the city Abadan. This cross-sectional study was conducted on individuals with AIDS in a sample of 15 individuals. The sampling was done using convenience method and included all individuals that had AIDS and were willing to participate in the study. The data collection tool was questionnaire. In this study most of the participants were female (71.4% female against 26.7% male) and in the 30-40 years old age group (60% ). About 42.9% of the participants. A higher percentage of the women had anxiety, compared with men. The mean and standard deviation of the extent of dealing with AIDS by the mass media were 11.46±3.77. The extent of using AIDS related media programs was 13.53±4.56. As the mass media has an important role in giving information to people and increasing the knowledge of people including AIDS patients and as knowledge can be accompanied by reduction of anxiety, it is recommended that some actions be done for production of educational programs on AIDS and the ways for coping with stress in different groups of people in the society.
  Abdolmajid Taheri , Daryoush Fatehi , Mohsen Mohammadi and Ayoob Rostamzadeh
  Apoptosis involves a particular type of cell death that plays an important role in tissue turnover and homeostatic regulation. Remove unwanted cells in multicellular organisms and unicellular organized by this process. Cell apoptosis begins with the production and release of various factors. The effects of apoptosis depend on the environment in which is occur programmed cell death. Apoptosis in some cells also causes release of various factors such as cytokines and subsequently mediated activation of other protein mediators of immune and inflammatory response. Today, using genes, inducer metabolites and inhibitors involved in of apoptosis, or programmed cell death, can be immune system (the balance between cellular and humoral immune) is directed towards the desired immune response. There are different methods for detection of apoptotic cells and each of these methods alone cannot be used as the criterion of apoptosis. The activation of caspases also is a marker for cellular damage in diseases. Caspases as an indicator is specific apoptosis therefore determine the activation of caspase can be used to differentiate between necrosis and apoptosis. Molecular imaging is ideally suited to measuring early response by quantifying cellular metabolism, proliferation and apoptosis, activities altered early in treatment. There are now several possible Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) based approaches for detecting apoptosis, in particular tumor apoptosis, which have the potential to be translated into clinical application. Detection of cellular lipid droplet accumulation, using localized Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MRS) and changes in tissue architecture using Diffusion-Weighted Imaging (DWI) has the virtues that they are completely non-invasive and thus could be implemented in the clinical practice now. Potential disadvantages include a lack of specificity for apoptosis and the possibility that they may be limited in detecting relatively low but clinically relevant, levels of cell death. Finally using labeled molecular factors and inducer proteins and also measurement of metabolites by non-invasive medical imaging techniques such as magnetic resonance spectroscopy can be identified the actual mechanisms and pathways of apoptosis as well by manipulated these pathways may be effective in the prevention of diseases such as autoimmune and neurodegenerative disorders.
  Mohammad Mahboubi , Atefeh Zahedi , Babak Rastegari Mehr and Mohsen Mohammadi
  Empathy as an essential component in the relationship between the physician and the patient can be related to positive outcome in the patient. The ability to put oneself in someone else’s shoes and understand his/her feelings and experiences better is called empathy. If the physician can create an effective (empathetic) relationship with the patient, the patient will reveal his/her abilities to grow the relationship and thus, the treatment will be more effective. The present study was done using descriptive method and in a cross-sectional way in 2015. The population of his study was consisted of patients visiting the hospitals in the city Abadan. The data collection tool was a questionnaire that was consisted of two sections. The first section was related to the patient’s demographic information and the second section was the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy (JSPE). The sample size was determined to be 492 patients. The data analysis was done using the software SPSS and Chi-square test. The participant’s mean age was 37.09±22.20 years and most of the participants were female (52.3%). About 5% of the physicians explored were general practitioners and 95% were specialists. The empathy mean score was 53.42±16.5. About 18.8% of the patients reported the physician empathy to be low, 76.3% reported it to be average and 4.9% reported it to be good. Specialists, compared with general practitioners had a better empathy with the patients. The difference was statistically significant (p = 0.005). No relationship of age and sex with empathy was found the empathy score of the physicians is low despite the importance of physician empathy for the patients and it impact on treatment results and the satisfaction level in patients. Therefore as the impact of education on empathy level has been verified in some studies, it seems that training medical staff in this regard can have impacts.
  Farkhonde Hayati , Mohammad Mahboubi , Atefeh Zahedi , Babak Rastegari Mehr and Mohsen Mohammadi
  "Spirituality" refers to human inclinations for exploring the concept of life by a need for connecting with something beyond self or by developing one’s "self". The feeling of happiness is a human need that has significant impact on life in a way that it can be considered as the main factor in the health of the family and the society. This study was of analytical cross-sectional type that explored the relationship between daily spiritual experiences and happiness in students at Abadan School of Medical Sciences. The population of the study was consisted of all students at Abadan School of Medical Sciences and the sampling method was census. The Oxford Happiness Inventory (OHI) and Daily Spiritual Experiences Scale (DSES) were used for data collection. The data were analyzed using the statistical software SPSS ver.19. About 320 students at Abadan School of Medical Sciences were studied. The participant’s mean age was 20.78±1.56 with the age range of 18-27 year. Most of the participant (51.6%) were female. Happiness had a significant relationship with sex (p = 0.03), field of study (p = 0.04), academic year (p = 0.01) andsatisfaction with field of study (p = 0.02). The relationship of spiritual experience with the variables sex (p = 0.002), satisfaction with the city (p = 0.009), housing (p = 0.000), hours of sleep (p = 0.03), field of study (p = 0.003) and satisfaction with the city (p = 0.008) was significant. A significant relationship between happiness and spiritual experiences was seen (p = 0.000). The results of the data analysis indicates that daily spiritual experiences and happiness are not only related to each other but also related to variables such as sex, field of study, academic year and…. The female students who were satisfied with their fields of study and had more daily experiences expressed more happiness feeling, compared with males. Therefore, the necessity of employing guidance and counseling before selecting field of study and place of study is clearly felt. The universitie’s management authorities are recommended to help the improvement of spirituality and feeling of happiness in students by planning and implementing educational workshop, creating low-stress learning environments and providing recreational opportunities and facilities.
  Abol Hassan Afkar , Behrouz Soltany , Seyedeh Hoda Mousavi , Hossein Mozafar Saadati , Nasim Hatefi-Moadab , Mohsen Mohammadi and Afshin Esfandnia
  It is tried to study different models of human force productivity and lay out a comprehensive model for human force productivity in this research. It is a descriptive analytic and correlating research which has been done periodically in 1393. Data was collected by the researcher-made questionnaire which was assessed by instructors and expert’s ideas. Its permanency was also estimated desirable by using a pilot model of 30 people and Cronbach alpha test equaling to 769. Data was analyzed by SPSS21 Software. Statistical community was the total staff of region of army staff of Medical Science of Kermanshah (290 people) and the volume of sample was estimated equally 165 people by Cochran formula. The results showed there is a meaningful and positive relation between productivity aspects and productivity. There aren’t any relations between training aspect and human resource improving and productivity aspects, either. Achievements show high and positive correlating and ability of model that is useful and practical.
  Mahmoud Kazemi , Mohsen Mohammadi , Franoosh Shafapey , Mozhgan Sabet Cheraq Aabadi , Arash Akbarzadeh , Pouran Jafari Baqney and Sara Mirzaei
  Accreditation means the systematic evaluation of centers presented in health care centers based on specific standards and these items are in order be ensured of performance. Present research was done aiming to study the level of executing standards of nourishment and food section accreditation standards in medical educational centers of Kermanshah in years 2012-2013. In this descriptive study, university hospitals of Kermanshah Province were selected in total accounting manner. The tool to gather data was accreditation standard chek lists of Iran hospitals based on accreditation standard handbook of Ministry of Health, Medication and Medical Education that was used as a measure to study the accreditation of hospitals. Questions of checklist included 16 basis. This questionnaire was distributed among evaluating experts in University Hospitals of Kermanshah Province during 2012. After gathering the chek lists, data were analysed by SOSS Sofware Version 21. Present research is the result of evaluating seven hospital centers in Kermanshah hospital based on 16 basis and help of hospitals food section accreditation standard evaluation handbook in Iran which is edited by Iran’s Ministry of Health. In such manner, we can report results in form of redundancy tables considering obtained scores for each one of the basis. What’s more, at the end various hospitals consideration toward following or not following the basis are evaluated and they are classified based on Freedman test from this point of view.
  HamidReza Shetabi , Seyed Qasem Mirbahari , Amir Ashkan Nasiripour , Meysam Safi Keykale , Hadis Mohammadi , Afshin Esfandnia , Shahla Safari , Mahmoud Kazemi and Mohsen Mohammadi
  The rate of efficiency could be a measure to evaluate performance and profitability of resources usage in hospitals, considering their importance as the biggest and most expensive medical and health system, operative unit. Present research aims to evaluate Kermanshah City’s educational and academics hospitals efficiency. Present research is descriptive-analytical and was executed in cross sectional manner among 7 educational universities of Kermanshah City during 2013 and data was gathered by Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) and are analysed by means of Deap2 Software. Considering research’s findings, the median of technical, managerial and scale efficiency of educational-medical hospitals of Kermanshah Medical University was equal to 0.876, 0.969 and 0.901 during 2013, respectively. Among all studied hospitals, 1 hospital (14.28% of all hospitals) had an increase in their efficiency and 2 hospitals (28.57% of all hospitals) had a decrease in their efficiency and 4 hospitals (57.14% of all hospitals) had a constant efficiency equal to number one. What’s more, 57.14% of hospitals had a constant efficiency in comparison to the scale, 28.57% of hospitals had a decreasing efficiency in comparison to the scale and 14.58% of hospitals had an increasing efficiency in comparison to the scale. Considering that active bed is an important factor at decreasing and increasing hospitals’ technical efficiency, eliminating surplus human resources, proper energy management to decrease hospital’s surplus expenses with a complete plane and based on DEA Method’s findings are suggested to increase hospitals’ efficiency.
  Ehsan Mohammadi , Yahya Zaebi , Seyedeh Hoda Mousavi , Mohammad Mahboubi , Mohsen Mohammadi , Alireza Zangeneh , Nasim Hatefi Moadab , Nemat-Allah Chaghazardi , Neda Izadi , Yones Mohammadi , Farzad Soleymani and Omolbanin Atashbahar
  Performance of the hospital’s emergency department can be evaluated by means of key quantitative and qualitative indicators. Important quantitative indicator, including percent of failed CPR, waiting time duration, percent of released emergency patients with personal responsibility, percent of released emergency patients in specific times, etc. Present study aims to survey emergency department’s performance by means of mentioned indicators during pre and post-health care reform. This was a descriptive and cross-sectional study, implemented during 2013 and 2014, pre and post-health care reform in the public hospitals of Kermanshah province. Data gathered by means of performance indicators in the emergency department were evaluated. Then indicators of these 2 periods were compared by means of the paired independent t-test while p<0.05 was considered to be at a significant level. Among measured indicators, failed CPR (p = 0.025) waiting time duration in level 4 triage (p = 0.012) emergency patient who were settled in 6 h (p = 0.00) patients who moved out of the department in 12 h (p = 0.00) decreased after the implement of health care reform in surveyed hospitals and other indicators didn’t change. Hospitals’ indicators including indicators of emergency department are the most important hospital performance indicators considering various fields. So comprehensive attention to these indicators is necessary because hospital indicators show clearly hospital performance and also hospital’s weaknesses and strengths which are explicit with more thought on these indicators. What’s more its performance has a direct impact on hospital activity, health network and health care system activities.
  Hossien Masoumi , Maryam Anjamshoa , Mohsen Mohammadi , Shirzad Fallahi and Ayoob Rostamzadeh
  Silymarin, a flavonolignan from ‘milk thistle’ (Silybum marianum) plant is used almost exclusively for hepatoprotection and amounts to 180 million US dollars business in Germany alone. In this review, we discuss about its safety, efficacy and future uses in liver diseases. The use of silymarin may replace the polyherbal formulations and will avoid the major problems of standardization, quality control and contamination with heavy metals or bacterial toxins. Silymarin consists of four flavonolignan isomers namely; silybin, isosilybin, silydianin and silychristin. Among them, silybin being the most active and commonly used. Silymarin is orally absorbed and is excreted mainly through bile as sulphates and conjugates. Silymarin offers good protection in various toxic models of experimental liver diseases in laboratory animals. It acts by antioxidative, anti-lipid peroxidative, antifibrotic, anti-inflammatory, membrane stabilizing, immunomodulatory and liver regenerating mechanisms. Silymarin has clinical applications in alcoholic liver diseases, liver cirrhosis, Amanita mushroom poisoning, viral hepatitis, toxic and drug induced liver diseases and in diabetic patients. Though silymarin does not have antiviral properties against hepatitis virus, it promotes protein synthesis, helps in regenerating liver tissue, controls inflammation, enhances glucuronidation and protects against glutathione depletion. Silymarin may prove to be a useful drug for hepatoprotection in hepatobiliary diseases and in hepatotoxicity due to drugs. The non-traditional use of silymarin may make a breakthrough as a new approach to protect other organs in addition to liver. As it is having a good safety profile, better patient tolerability and an effective drug at an affordable price in near future new derivatives or new combinations of this drug may prove to be useful.
  Mohsen Mohammadi , Ardeshir Moayeri , Omar Ghaderi , Hamid Reza Mohammadi and Ayoob Rostamzadeh
  Burn injury has been reported to be an important cause of morbidity and mortality in many countries which leads to a loss of integrity of the skin which protects us from water loss, temperature change, radiation, trauma and infection. The main sources of stem cells that might be used for repair and regeneration of injured skin tissue are Embryonic Stem Cells (ESCs) and adult stem cells. ESCs have a great capacity for self-renewal and pluripotency but their clinical applications are limited because of the political and ethical considerations. Also, ESCs themselves are less suitable for tissue grafting; they do provide the potential to augment physiological healing processes via paracrine mechanisms. Stem cells allows for the possibility of restoring lost or damaged tissue, while their ability to modulation of immune system the wound bed from afar suggests that their clinical applications need not be restricted to direct tissue formation. The clinical utility of stem cells has been demonstrated across dozens of clinical trials in chronic wound therapy; thus, it promotes normal interactions between cell assemblies during the regeneration of burn wounds which prevents the formation of cicatrix or the deformation of tissues. Furthermore, Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells (iPSCs) derived fibroblasts may be an increased production of extracellular matrix proteins that could also increase the rate of wound healing as well as provide opportunities for eventually generating these structures without the risk of immune rejection.
 
 
 
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