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Articles by Mohie M. Kamil
Total Records ( 3 ) for Mohie M. Kamil
  Khaled F. Mahmoud , Mona A. Ibrahim , El-Demery Mervat , Hamdy A. Shaaban , Mohie M. Kamil and Nefisa A. Hegazy
  Bioactive compounds of citrus fruit (Citrus unshiu) by-product such as orange and lemon peels extract were investigated. Antioxidant activity of orange and lemon peels extract were compared with BHT and α-tocopherol at different concentrations levels. The highest antioxidant activity of OPWE and LPWE reached to 63.866 and 52.741% at extract concentration 120 mg mL–1. Furthermore, antioxidant activity of OPEE and LPEE were maximized to reach to 81.347 and 61.534% at extract concentration 120 mg mL–1, respectively. After nanoencapsulation, the DSC showed that the melting point was increased from 73.6-231.8°C for (OPEE) before and after encapsulation, respectively. The TEM showed that the particle size of orange extract was 38 nm before encapsulation and raised a minimum of 4.2 nm after encapsulation and re-dispersion. The encapsulation efficiency of all orange peel extract formulas (10% maltodextrin+2% arabic gum per peels extract), (8% maltodextrin+2% arabic gum per peels extract), (10% arabic gum per peels extract) and (10% maltodextrin per peels extract) were increased to 87.65, 97.62, 63.81 and 72.32%, respectively. Orange peels extract nanoencapsulated (OPNE) characterized with its highest antioxidant potential in all storage period, while the nanoencapsulated of lemon peels (LPNE) gave the lowest antioxidant 52.44% after 60 days storage at 4°C. The OPNE was applied in cake. The obtained cake samples were sensory evaluated. Cake samples showed no significant difference in color, odor, taste, texture and overall acceptability. Finally, the extracts of dried orange or lemon peels could be considered as potential antioxidant ingredients in food products.
  Ahmed M.S. Hussein , Nefisa A. Hegazy , Mohie M. Kamil and Ola S.S. Mohamed
  In this study we had replaced sucrose with sucralose in the manufacture of sponge cake and yoghurt cake. These cakes were chosen because their ingredients include little fat so they were of low calories. Such functional cakes were evaluated chemically, physically and sensorial. The results suggest that, sucrose substitution with sucralose in cakes increased the cake volume and softened the texture (as shown by lower values of hardness, chewiness and gumminess). Water activity of the yoghurt control cake prepared with 100% sucrose with a value of 0.91 was higher than the yogurt cake containing sucralose (p<0.05). The mean water activity of sponge cakes prepared with sucrose was significantly higher than the sponge cakes containing sucralose (p<0.05). The obtained low calorie yoghurt cake characterized with its low calorie and food energy (103.22 and 431.3/100 g) than control yoghurt cake (268 and 1119/100 g). Also, low calorie sponge cake had low calorie and food energy (98.0 and 409.4/100 g) compared to control sponge cake (276.9 and 1156.9 g, respectively). Sensory scores of studied cake samples indicated that, texture and flavor of all samples were not affected significantly in case of replacing sucrose with sucralose in yogurt or sponge cake. A significant difference in cells and crumb color was observed in all cake samples when compared with control cake samples.
  Ahmed M.S. Hussein , Mohie M. Kamil , Shereen N. Lotfy , Khaled F. Mahmoud , Fathy M. Mehaya and Ayman A. Mohammad
  Background: Herbs have been used for several purposes i.e., flavorings, beverages, repellents, fragrances, cosmetics and for their medicinal properties. Now a days, the interest in herbs has considerably increased, particularly as a natural source of flavor and antioxidants for the food and pharmaceutical industries. The quality and acceptability of food are related to flavor stability. It is well known that, manufacturing and storage processes, package materials and ingredient of foods often reduce aroma compound intensity. In order to minimize aroma degradation or loss during processing and storage, it is beneficial to encapsulate volatile ingredients prior to use in foods or beverages. Objective: This study aimed to investigate the effect of using different carrier materials on chemical composition, thermal stability and antioxidant activity of nano-encapsulated rosemary essential oil. Methodology: About 100 g of rosemary was subjected to hydro-distillation using Clevenger apparatus for 4 h to isolate its essential oil. Essential oil sample was analysis by GC-FID and GC-MS. The nano-encapsulation was procedure by homogenization technique in all samples. Encapsulation Efficiency (EE), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), DPPH scavenging activity and total phenolic content of encapsulated essential oil samples were evaluated. Thermal stability assessment was done by Differential Scanning Calorimetric (DSC). Results: The results revealed that the highest release of total phenol (3349.4 μg GAE mL–1) and DPPH scavenging activity of rosemary EO were found in case of using chitosan as carrier material for nano-encapsulation process compared to CMC or sodium alginate. Also, the nano-encapsulation process improved thermal stability of rosemary EO. The TEM of nano-encapsulated of rosemary EO in CMC showed the lowest nano-particle size (10-20 nm) compared with chitosan or sodium alginate. After the GC-MS analysis of the volatile compounds of rosemary EO revealed that 1,8-cineole (30.88%), camphor (22.71%), α-terpineol (15.01%), α-pinene (8.78%) and camphene (4.31%) were the major compounds in rosemary EO. The results showed an increasing content of oxygenated monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes, sesquiterpene oxide and ester in nano-encapsulated rosemary EO samples. An opposite behavior was observed in content of monoterpens. Conclusion: In this study, the major components of rosemary EO were 1,8-cineole (30.88%), camphor (22.71%), α-terpineol (15.01%), α-pinene (8.78%) and camphene (4.31%). The type of wall materials has influence on the particles size and encapsulation efficiency and antioxidant activity of rosemary EO. The results indicated that nano-capsulation process increased the thermal stability of rosemary EO and could be useful as antioxidant for various thermal processing applications in industry.
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