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Articles by Mohd Yaqoob Wani
Total Records ( 3 ) for Mohd Yaqoob Wani
  Sartaj Ahmad Bhat , Mohd Yaqoob Wani , Jatinder Kumar Khojuria , Rajesh Katoch and Kuldeep Dhama
  Backyard poultry farming plays an important role in rural people by providing eggs, meat and employment. The production of backyard poultry is generally affected by ecto and endo-parasites due to their free range feeding habit and housing practices. The present study was designed to study the prevalence of ectoparasites in back yard poultry in Jammu region of India during October 2010 to September 2011. The results showed that out of 710 birds examined, 373 (52.53%) were found infested with different ectoparasites. The highest prevalence was recorded for Menopon gallinae (16.05%) followed by Menacanthus stramineus (12.95%), Goniocotes gallinae (9.58%), Goniodes gigas (5.91%), Lipeurus caponis (2.95%), Argas persicus (3.38%) and Dermanyssus gallinae (1.69%). Seasonal prevalence indicated, Menopon gallinae was predominant in all seasons except in pre monsoon, highest during winter and lowest during post monsoon. While Menacanthus stramineus had the highest prevalence during pre monsoon, Argas persicus during monsoon and Dermanyssus gallinae had the lowest prevalence during all the seasons. The study is first in its nature from Jammu, the north Indian region and will provide valuable information on ectoparasites in back yard poultry. However, further investigation is required in this regard so as to reduce the production losses by ectoparasites.
  Kuldeep Dhama , Sandip Chakraborty , Ruchi Tiwari , Amit Kumar , Anu Rahal , Shyma K. Latheef , Mohd Yaqoob Wani and Sanjay Kapoor
  Avian/Bird flu, caused by Avian Influenza Virus (AIV) belonging to Orthomyxoviridae family, is the most fearful viral disease of birds. H5N1 subtype of AIV is of major concern for poultry as well as for humans due to its high economical impacts and zoonotic concerns. During the past ten years, the Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) H5N1 subtype alone has affected more than 60 countries of the world. Domestic poultry is mostly affected by the disease episodes and outbreaks. Wild and migratory birds are the AIV reservoirs wherein H5N1 is found to be lethal. Major antigenic changes in Haemagglutinin (HA) or Neuraminidase (NA) result in periodic pandemics. Pigs can act as mixing vessel. The bird flu virus if gets the capability of transmitting from human to human can trigger a pandemic claiming millions of lives. A wide variety of serological tests and molecular tools have greatly aided in the diagnosis of avian flu. Disease management for the prevention of bird flu outbreaks including mass awareness and pandemic preparedness following World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines is of utmost importance. Interesting approaches of HPAI control are development of universal influenza virus vaccines and universal antibodies-based flu therapies. Vaccination using inactivated and recombinant vaccines is the common strategy adopted in different parts of the globe. Development of new generation vaccines is quiet noteworthy. Tamiflu is the drug of choice. Herbal therapy is gaining much attention to control disease in humans. All these aspects of the bird flu virus have been discussed vividly in the present review.
  Mohd Yaqoob Wani , Kuldeep Dhama , Shyma K. Latheef , Rajamani Barathidassan , Ruchi Tiwari , Sandip Chakraborty , Milind Madhukar Chawak and Shambhu Dayal Singh
  Chicken Infectious Anaemia Virus (CIAV) is one of the potent immunosuppressive and economically important agents affecting poultry industry worldwide. Recent reports indicate the emergence of this virus in the poultry flocks of the country. The present study aimed to investigate the pathogenic potential of a recent isolate of CIAV obtained from poultry flock of Uttaranchal State, India. Twenty first day-old age Specific Pathogen Free (SPF) chicks were inoculated intramuscularly with 104.5 median tissue culture infective dose (TCID50) of CIAV passaged in the Marek’s disease virus transformed chicken splenic T lymphocyte (MDCC-MSB1) cell line while 15 chicks were kept as control. The CIAV isolate produced consistent clinical signs, loss in body weight gain, anaemia, low haematocrit values, bone marrow aplasia and generalized lymphoid atrophy. Mean Packed Cell Volume (PCV) value of the infected chicks was significantly low (18.22±2.22) compared to control group (34.12±4.72) at 14 day post infection (dpi). The establishment of virus infection in chicks was confirmed both at molecular and antigenic levels by Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) and Indirect Immunofluorescent Test (IIFT), respectively. Characteristic apoptotic pattern was also detected in the affected organs and the virus was re-isolated successfully in MDCC-MSB1 cell cultures. The present results revealed that the virus circulating in poultry flocks of Uttaranchal state is both pathogenic and immunosuppressive in nature. Extensive epidemiological studies are suggested in the poultry flocks of the country along with adaptation of appropriate diagnostic, prevention and control strategies so as to prevent economic losses caused by this important poultry pathogen.
 
 
 
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