Asian Science Citation Index is committed to provide an authoritative, trusted and significant information by the coverage of the most important and influential journals to meet the needs of the global scientific community.  
ASCI Database
308-Lasani Town,
Sargodha Road,
Faisalabad, Pakistan
Fax: +92-41-8815544
Contact Via Web
Suggest a Journal
 
Articles by Mohammad Mahboubi
Total Records ( 33 ) for Mohammad Mahboubi
  Behzad Karami-Matin , Majid Barati , Homamodin Javadzade , Mahnoush Reisi , Naser Hatamzadeh and Mohammad Mahboubi
  Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer in women. In other hand, Pap smear test is an effective screening method for investigating cervical cell changes before occurrence of invasive cervical cancer. The aim of this study was to determine the status of Pap smear tests and knowledge of cervical cancer in women Kermanshah County. In this cross-sectional study, conducted in Kermanshah County, the west of Iran, a total of 340 women's. Participants selected in random sampling and data were collected by using self-report questionnaire. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 20 using appropriate statistical tests including chi-square, t-test and bivariate correlations at 95% significant level. Almost 39.4 % of volunteers had followed a regular Pap smear program. The mean score of knowledge about cervical cancer was 4.67 (95% CI: 4.45, 4.89) ranged from 0 to 10. There was a significant correlation between undergoing regular Pap smear test and age, family history of cervical cancer, knowledge about cervical cancer and menopause (p<0.05). In addition, there was a significant correlation between knowledge about cervical cancer with age and positive family history of cervical cancer (p<0.05). Based on our findings, designing and implementing educational program to increase knowledge about cervical cancer may be usefulness of the results in order to promotion Pap smear test among women’s.
  Mohammad Mahboubi , Babak Rastegari Mehr , Zinab Mirzai Dostan , Atefeh Zahedi , Sasan Ghorbani Kalkhaje and Mohsen Mohammadi
  This study was conducted with the aim of exploring the impact of mass media on AIDS from the perspective of individuals with AIDS and its impact on the anxiety of these individuals in the city Abadan. This cross-sectional study was conducted on individuals with AIDS in a sample of 15 individuals. The sampling was done using convenience method and included all individuals that had AIDS and were willing to participate in the study. The data collection tool was questionnaire. In this study most of the participants were female (71.4% female against 26.7% male) and in the 30-40 years old age group (60% ). About 42.9% of the participants. A higher percentage of the women had anxiety, compared with men. The mean and standard deviation of the extent of dealing with AIDS by the mass media were 11.46±3.77. The extent of using AIDS related media programs was 13.53±4.56. As the mass media has an important role in giving information to people and increasing the knowledge of people including AIDS patients and as knowledge can be accompanied by reduction of anxiety, it is recommended that some actions be done for production of educational programs on AIDS and the ways for coping with stress in different groups of people in the society.
  Behzad Karami-Matin , Seyyed Nasrollah Hosseini , Mohammad Mahboubi , Abbas Aghaei , Mohammad Fattahi and Tahereh Etesamifard
  Self-medication is one of the most common health problems in health care system; furthermore, self-medication among pregnant women causes fetal abnormalities are more sensitive compare than other people. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and cognitive factors related to self-medication among pregnant women based on the Health Belief Model. This cross-sectional study, conducted among 308 pregnant women’s who referred to the health centers in Kermanshah County. Participants selected in random sampling and data were collected by using questionnaire in self-report. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 21 using t-test, Chi-square, bivariate correlations and logistic regression statistical tests. The 29.3% of the participants had reported history of self-medication. The 20.1 and 9.2% of participants reported OTC (Over The Counter) and POM (Prescription Only Medicine) drugs used for self-medication. Pain medication (8.4%), antibiotics (7%) and vitamins (3.3%) had the largest used for self-medication. The regression analysis showed perceived severity (OR: 0.710) and perceived susceptibility (OR: 0.753) was a best predictor for selfmedication. Based on our result, it seems that designing and implementation of preventional programs for pregnant women’s, focused on promotion belief towards seriousness about side effect of self-medication could be usefulness result to self-medication prevention.
  Behzad Karami-Matin , Majid Barati , Seyyed Nasrollah Hosseini , Parisa Ghaisvandi , Khatereh Khanjari and Mohammad Mahboubi
  Sensation seeking is a personality trail which person willing to gain new experiences; the main aim of this study was to determine the role of sensation seeking on cigarette smoking and alcohol drinking among male students in Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This cross-sectional study was conducted among 300 male medical college students, during 2014 in Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences which were randomly selected with the proportional to size among different faculty. A standard self-report questionnaire was applied for collecting data and data were analyzed by SPSS-21 using t-test, one way ANOVA and bivariate correlations statistical tests at 95% significant level. Cigarette smoking and alcohol drinking during 1, 3 and 6 months before the study was reported 10.4, 11.5 and 13.5% (for smoking) and 5.4, 6.2 and 5.5% (for alcohol drinking) by respondents. There was a significant correlation between sensation seeking with cigarette smoking and alcohol drinking (p<0.05). Based on the result, it seems that designing and implementation of intervention programs to reduce negative sensation seeking among the young adults may be useful of the results in order to prevent of substance abuse.
  Touraj Ahmadi Jouybari , Mohammad Mahboubi , Majid Barati , Abbas Aghaei , Abdolkarim Negintaji and Behzad Karami-Matin
  Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in Iranian women and the age of affliction with breast cancer in Iranian women is at least a decade lower than that of women in developed countries. Mammography is the effective method in reducing deaths because of cervical cancer. The aim of this study was to determine the social support and self-efficacy related to undergoing mammography. In this cross-sectional study, conducted among men’s referred to health centers in Kermanshah County, the West of Iran, during 2016 were randomly selected to participate voluntarily in the study. Participants filled out a self-administered questionnaire including the background variables, standard social support scale and general self-efficacy questioner. Data were analyzed by SPSS Version 21 using bivariate correlations and logistic regression statistical tests. Participants’ ages ranged from 30-48 years [95% CI: 35.01, 36.79]. Almost 12.1% (14/116) of the participants had already undergone mammography at least once. Furthermore, 7.8% of them reported positive family history of breast cancer. In addition, logistic regression analysis indicated educational level (OR = 1.526), positive family history of breast cancer (OR = 1.323), family support (OR = 1.814) and self-efficacy (OR = 1.260) were stronger predicators to undergoing mammography. Based on our result, it seems that creating appropriate and special supportive atmosphere in the family and also behavioral interventions for improvement of self-efficacy among women may be usefulness of the results in order to promotion undergoing mammography.
  Behzad Karami Matin , Najmeh Maharlouei , Mohammad Mahboubi , Arash Parsamoghadam , Siavash Rahimi and Shoeib Rahimi
  Menopause is a developmental stage in women which is experienced by every woman with the increase of age. The problems in menopausal women include sleep disorders and depression. Thus, the present study was designed with the aim of exploring the frequency of sleep disturbance and its relationship with depression in menopausal women. The present study is of analytical cross-sectional type that was conducted on 1280 menopausal women who had the necessary criteria in selected medical and health centers in the Kermanshah city. The dimpling was random and continuous. The data collections too in this study were demographic particulars form, the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D) and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) that were completed through interview. The software SPSS and descriptive analysis (frequency and standard deviation) and inferential analysis (Pearson’s correlation coefficient) were used for data analysis. The results of the study indicated that the mean score for depression in the individuals studied was 9.37±4.62 which indicates mild depression in the population. The depression score in the housewives was higher than the one in the employed women. About 88.4% of the explored individuals had mild sleep disturbance and only 5% of them had severe sleep disturbance. The results of this study indicate that there was a significant relationship between sleep quality and the relationship with husband, being exposed to smoking and adequateness of income. Also, Pearson’s test indicated that there is a significant relationship between depression and sleep disturbance and thus, the more the sleep disturbance, the worse the depression (p = 0.001). The results of the study indicated that there was a significant relationship between depression and sleep disturbance in menopausal women in a way that women with more sleep disturbance showed higher level of depression.
  Farzad Jalilian , Amin Karami Matin , Mohammad Mahboubi , Shoeib Rahimi , Nashmin Kiamanesh , Afsaneh Rahimi and Shiva Khashij
  A diet with excessive amount of salt results in pathological changes in many body organs including blood pressure system; these changes include endothelial dysfunction and vascular damage and have a significant role in the progress of cardiac diseases. The aim of this study was to determine the factors related to factors related to factors related to salt consumption based on the Theory of Panned Behavior (TPB). In this cross-sectional study, conducted in Kermanshah County, the wests of Iran, a total of 400 women’s, were randomly selected to participate voluntarily in the study. Participants filled out a self-administered questionnaire including the expanded theory of planned behavior components. Data were analyzed by SPSS Version 21 using bivariate correlation and logistic regression statistical tests at 95% significant level. Almost 53.3% of the participants reported salt consumption during eating food (at the food table). Among background variables, education was (OR = 0.715) strong factor to predict salt consumption during eating food among the participants. The best predictors for salt consumption during eating food were subjective norms with odds ratio estimate of 1.081 [95% CI: 1.011, 1.155], perceived behavioral control with odds ratio estimate of 0.751 [95% CI: 0.674, 8.837] and intention with odds ratio estimate of 1.329 [95% CI: 1.191, 1.484]. Based on our findings among TPB variables, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control and intention may be some of the most effective factors for salt consumption during eating food (at the food table).
  Farzad Jalilian , Amin Karami Matin , Mohammad Mahboubi , Shoeib Rahimi , Galavizh Karimi , Sajad Kanani and Shiva Khashij
  Psychological factors such as some habits, beliefs and lack of knowledge regarding the way of using fruits and vegetables in a diet has been considered as an obstacle to fruit and vegetable consumption. The aim of this study was to determine the factors related to factors related to fruit and vegetable consumption based on the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB). In this cross-sectional study, conducted in Kermanshah county, the West of Iran, a total of 410 women’s was randomly selected to participate voluntarily in the study. Participants filled out a self-administered questionnaire including the expanded theory of planned behavior components. Data were analyzed by SPSS Version 21 using t-test, bivariate correlation and linear regression statistical tests at 95% significant level. The findings indicated mean of fruit and vegetable consumption during the day was 2.1 times. There was a significant correlation between job, educational level and family economic status with fruit and vegetable consumption. Linear regression analysis showed the determinant variable accounted for 42% of the variation in fruit and vegetable consumption. Based on our results, it seem TPB variables are suitable variables for fruit and vegetable consumption.
  Mehdi Mirzaei-Alavijeh , Farzad Jalilian , Behzad Karami-Matin , Seyyed Nasrollah Hosseini , Touraj Ahmadi Jouybari , Mohammad Mahboubi and Abbas Firoozabadi
  Classroom is one of the main places for teaching scientific subjects and teaching medical sciences is highly important due to dealing with health and medical issues that impact human health; the aim of this study was determined of perceived classroom goals structure and academic achievement among university students in the West of Iran. This cross sectional study was carried out on 330 college students of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, the west of Iran which recruited with a random sampling method. Data were analyzed by SPSS-21. Our findings, showed mastery goal structure has a significant positive correlation with academic achievement students (p = 0.001 and r = 0.430). According to findings, "creating motivation by the professor" among the factors related to the professor, "interest in the academic field" among the factors related to student and "the time the classes are held" among the factors related to the environment were among the main factors impacting class attendance. In addition, "the classroom goal is accurate and real understanding of the teaching materials" among mastery structure items, "the main classroom goal is obtaining good score" among the performance structure items and "it is highly important in the class that individual does not make mistake in the presence of others" among the performance avoidance structure items obtained higher mean scores.
  Mohammad Ali Morowatisharifabad , Abouzar Keshavarzi , Seyed Mojtaba Sohrevardi , Mohsen Askairshahi , AlirezaVahidi Mehrjerdi , Touraj Ahmadi Jouybari and Mohammad Mahboubi
  Self-medication may result in several consequences such as pathogenicity or even mortality. The present study aimed to prediction cognitive factors related in self-medication among college students based on prototype/willingness model. It was crosses sectional study investigating 237 students of Department of Health Education, School of Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran during 2015. A structured questionnaire was applied for collecting data and data were analyzed by SPSS Version 21 using chi-square, t-test, bivariate correlations and regression at 95% significant level. The mean age of respondents was 21.9 years [SD: 2.41], ranged from 18-30 years. Almost 45.1% of the participants had self-medication. There was a significant correlation between health insurance and self-medication (p = 0.004). In addition, it was a significant correlation between smoking and self-medication (p = 0.003). However, there was no significant difference between self-medication and gender, school of study, educational level, marital status and living in dormitory. Attitude, subjective norms and prototype variables were statistically significant for predicting self-medication which they were accounted for 41% of the variation in self-medication behavior intention and 15% of the variation in behavior willingness to self-medication. The findings showed that the attitude, subjective norms and intention were more powerful predictors of self-medication. It seems essential to consider these factors to planning interventions to get better results.
  Nabi Jomezadeh , Nahid Mahmoodi , Mohammad Mahboubi and Mahboobeh Momtazan
  Hospitals are important, customer-focused and vital parts of Ministry of Health, Treatment and Medical Education; hospital emergency is a section that is very important and is the first department that ill patients face and are treated this study examines the satisfaction of clients who refer to emergency Department of Abadan and Khorramshahr hospitals. This study is a cross-sectional and descriptive study that was conducted at four hospitals of Abadan and Khorramshahr. The statistical population of this study consisted of 100 subjects who were selected equally from study hospitals. Collection tool included questionnaire and interview. SPSS21 Software was used for data analysis. The study findings showed that men referred to emergency department more than women, more people were under 30 years old and Social Security was used more than other insurance companies. The highest satisfaction was related to costs and the least satisfaction was related to privacy. Shahid Beheshti Hospital had better status among study hospitals. Many factors affect the improved performance and increased satisfaction of patients. Providing necessary trainings for people, strategies for process improvement and relying on standards are important in order to improve the physical conditions.
  Mehdi-Mirzaei Alavijeh , Behzad Karami Matin , Farzad Jalilian , Behrooz Hamzeh , Mohammad Haghighi , Mohamad Ahmadpanah and Mohammad Mahboubi
  Drug abuse is one of the most important health problems in societies. In addition, relapse is the most important challenges in addiction treatment. This study was conducted to evaluate relapse preventative intervention efficiency among male addicts referred to treatment addiction centers in Hamadan, the West of Iran. Overall, 70 male addicts participated in this study as intervention and control group. This was a longitudinal randomized pretest-posttest series control group design panel study to relapse prevention. Cross-tabulation, t-test, correlation and regression by using SPSS statistical package, version 16 was used for the statistical analysis. It was found significant improvements in average response for resiliency, perceived behavioral control to not drug use, intention to not drug use and significant decreased in craving beliefs among addicts in intervention group (p<0.001). But it was not found significant difference for relapse rate three month after intervention between intervention and control groups (p>0.05). Additionally after intervention, the rate of relapse was lower among intervention group. Results in this showed the usefulness of instructional programs for addicts after the detoxification stage to relapse prevention.
  Behzad Karami Matin , Farid Najafi , Mohammad Mahboubi , Touraj Ahmadi-Jouybari , Soudabeh Eskandari and Zeinab Moradinazar
  Burn is a death threatening damage which can cause disabilities and negative consequences to life. Burn has been known as the fourth major damage in the world. Considering the importance of burn damage and various social, economic and cultural structures in different regions, it seems necessary to gain knowledge on the issue in each region to plan prevention and treatment programs. The present study aims to determine burn epidemiologic situation in Kermanshah in 2015. It is a cross sectional, descriptive study making use of burn data registration sampling 296 hospitalized in Kermanshah, Iran. Data was gathered using a questionnaire including three parts on demographic, geographic and burn information. The SPSS Version 16 was used to analyze the data at p<0.05. Patients mean age was 27.14±20.54. Patients included 51% male, 54.4% married, 40.5% unemployed, 41.5% illiterate. The most frequent cause of burn was oil combustion (26.4%) and the major reason was accidents (73.6%) at home (77%). The 42.3% of patients suffered from <25% burns and 50% suffered from 3rd degree burns. About 11.5% patients died. There was a statistically meaningful relationship between age, gender, reason, burn degree, damaged organ and death due to burns (p = 0.001). Considering the results from the present study, it seems necessary to focus on education, social status and employment to limit burn cases. On the other hand, it would be essential to start a public training program to avoid accidents at home.
  Farzad Jalilian , Mehdi Mirzaei-Alavijeh , Behzad Karami-Matin , Seyyed Nasrollah Hosseini , Touraj Ahmadi Jouybari , Mohammad Mahboubi and Abbas Firoozabadi
  Test anxiety is consisted of unpleasant affective feelings and experiences, worry and anxiety in which the individual feels that his/her performance is evaluated; the aim of this study was determined of prevalence and socio-demographic related to test anxiety among Iranian college. This cross sectional study was carried out on 320 college students of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, the West of Iran which recruited with a random sampling method. Data analyze by SPSS-21. Mean age of the subjects was 21.86 (SD: 2.48) years (range, 18-35 years). The mean score of test anxiety was 2.44 (SD: 0.75). The results indicated significant correlation between same of background variable (such as; sex, age and academic achievement) with test anxiety (p<0.05). In addition, anxiety regarding studying more for the test, palpitation feeling and feeling of lack of performance in proportion to one’s ability were gained higher scores among test anxiety scale items, respectively. The results indicated the relationship between academic achievement, female gender and younger age with test anxiety.
  Mehdi Mirzaei-Alavijeh , Farzad Jalilian , Behzad Karami-Matin , Seyyed Nasrollah Hosseini , Touraj Ahmadi Jouybari , Mohammad Mahboubi and Abbas Firoozabadi
  Patient education can made result in multiple positive outcomes for the patient such as increase of satisfaction, improved life quality, anxiety reduction, reduction of the emergence of disease complications and increase of participation in health care programs. The present study was conducted with the objective of determining the role of personal, organizational and instrumental barriers of patient education in nurses. This cross-sectional study was conducted on 300 nurses in medical-educational hospitals in the city of Kermanshah in the west of Iran, during 2014. The participants were selected using simple random sampling and with probability proportional to size and the information was collected using self-report questionnaire. The participants obtained 78.1, 56.5, 68.1 and 65.5% of the maximum obtainable score in the domains of management, individual and care, patient and their relatives and the overall score of patient education barriers, respectively. Barriers had a statistically significant inverse relationship with age in a way the barriers were reduced with the increase of age (r = -0.129, p = 0.042). Also, the barriers had a significant statistical relationship with place of service and the means score of the barriers was higher in the nurses in the internal medicine ward (p<0.05). The findings indicated the barriers related to the domain of management obtained higher scores. Therefore, it is recommended that, for improving patient education by the nurses, in addition to emphasis on individual domain, the correction of factors related to the domain of management as the second priority should be done by emphasis on related educational and instrumental strategies.
  Farkhonde Hayati , Mohammad Mahboubi , Atefeh Zahedi , Babak Rastegari Mehr and Mohsen Mohammadi
  "Spirituality" refers to human inclinations for exploring the concept of life by a need for connecting with something beyond self or by developing one’s "self". The feeling of happiness is a human need that has significant impact on life in a way that it can be considered as the main factor in the health of the family and the society. This study was of analytical cross-sectional type that explored the relationship between daily spiritual experiences and happiness in students at Abadan School of Medical Sciences. The population of the study was consisted of all students at Abadan School of Medical Sciences and the sampling method was census. The Oxford Happiness Inventory (OHI) and Daily Spiritual Experiences Scale (DSES) were used for data collection. The data were analyzed using the statistical software SPSS ver.19. About 320 students at Abadan School of Medical Sciences were studied. The participant’s mean age was 20.78±1.56 with the age range of 18-27 year. Most of the participant (51.6%) were female. Happiness had a significant relationship with sex (p = 0.03), field of study (p = 0.04), academic year (p = 0.01) andsatisfaction with field of study (p = 0.02). The relationship of spiritual experience with the variables sex (p = 0.002), satisfaction with the city (p = 0.009), housing (p = 0.000), hours of sleep (p = 0.03), field of study (p = 0.003) and satisfaction with the city (p = 0.008) was significant. A significant relationship between happiness and spiritual experiences was seen (p = 0.000). The results of the data analysis indicates that daily spiritual experiences and happiness are not only related to each other but also related to variables such as sex, field of study, academic year and…. The female students who were satisfied with their fields of study and had more daily experiences expressed more happiness feeling, compared with males. Therefore, the necessity of employing guidance and counseling before selecting field of study and place of study is clearly felt. The universitie’s management authorities are recommended to help the improvement of spirituality and feeling of happiness in students by planning and implementing educational workshop, creating low-stress learning environments and providing recreational opportunities and facilities.
  Mohammad Mahboubi , Atefeh Zahedi , Babak Rastegari Mehr and Mohsen Mohammadi
  Empathy as an essential component in the relationship between the physician and the patient can be related to positive outcome in the patient. The ability to put oneself in someone else’s shoes and understand his/her feelings and experiences better is called empathy. If the physician can create an effective (empathetic) relationship with the patient, the patient will reveal his/her abilities to grow the relationship and thus, the treatment will be more effective. The present study was done using descriptive method and in a cross-sectional way in 2015. The population of his study was consisted of patients visiting the hospitals in the city Abadan. The data collection tool was a questionnaire that was consisted of two sections. The first section was related to the patient’s demographic information and the second section was the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy (JSPE). The sample size was determined to be 492 patients. The data analysis was done using the software SPSS and Chi-square test. The participant’s mean age was 37.09±22.20 years and most of the participants were female (52.3%). About 5% of the physicians explored were general practitioners and 95% were specialists. The empathy mean score was 53.42±16.5. About 18.8% of the patients reported the physician empathy to be low, 76.3% reported it to be average and 4.9% reported it to be good. Specialists, compared with general practitioners had a better empathy with the patients. The difference was statistically significant (p = 0.005). No relationship of age and sex with empathy was found the empathy score of the physicians is low despite the importance of physician empathy for the patients and it impact on treatment results and the satisfaction level in patients. Therefore as the impact of education on empathy level has been verified in some studies, it seems that training medical staff in this regard can have impacts.
  Nasim Hatefi Moadab , Nasrin Elahi , Khadijeh Moradbeygi , Mohammad Mahboubi , Seyed Mahmoud Latifi and Saeede Elhami
  One of the most important problems in surgical patients is anxiety before surgery. So, this study was done to compare the effectiveness of the teach-back method and accompany person with anxiety in women undergo cesarean section. This study is a randomized clinical trial that was done on women undergo cesarean section who referred to Taleghani hospital in Abadan. Ninety patients, according to inclusion criteria were selected and randomized to three groups: 2 intervention group and 1 control group. Group 1 was educated on teach-back method, group 2, partners were present in the ward for the night before their surgery until 15 min to start their surgery and control group were received usual care. Anxiety scores before and after intervention were assessed by using the Spiel Berger State-Trait Anxiety (STAI) inventory and data were analyzed by SPSS: 19. The results of the comparison between anxiety mean difference scores in the three group shows that in teach-back group (2/4) and group (11/7) were decreased in comparison with control group (-12/4) (p = 0/001). Also in comparison between two teach-back and accompany person, group, results show that accompany person is more effective to reduce anxiety in subjects (p = 0/0001). With this regard that teach-back method and accompany person can be effective in reduce anxiety before cesarean section so that use of these two methods can be suggested to control anxiety among women undergo cesarean section.
  Mehdi Mirzaei Alavijeh , Mohammad Mahboubi , Farzad Jalilian , Abbas Aghaei and Touraj Ahmadi Jouybari
  Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women worldwide. Mammography is one of the effective methods in reducing deaths resulted from breast cancer. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors related to Self-Breast Examination (SBE) based on the Health Belief Model (HBM). In this cross-sectional study, conducted in Kermanshah county, a total of 300 women who visited health centers were randomly selected to participate in the study. Data were collected based on self-report questioner. A questionnaire was developed to measure each of the HBM constructs. Regression and correlations were employed to determine SBE and the data were analyzed using SPSS-21. Mean age was 30.25 years (range 20-48). Almost, 41.4 % (94/227) of the participants reported having SBE. Linear regression analysis showed that the HBM variable accounted for 19% of the variation in SBE. In addition, a regression logistic showed perceived susceptibility (OR: 1.235 and P: 0.005) and perceived self-efficacy (OR: 1.264 and P: 0.001) were more influential predictors in SBE. Furthermore, among the background variables: age (OR: 2.680 and P: 0.034) and positive family history of breast cancer (OR: 36.074 and P: 0.001) were more influential predictors in SBE. Based on our result, it seems implementation of educational program about increasing susceptibility and self-efficacy among women may be useful in increasing SBE.
  Ehsan Mohammadi , Yahya Zaebi , Seyedeh Hoda Mousavi , Mohammad Mahboubi , Mohsen Mohammadi , Alireza Zangeneh , Nasim Hatefi Moadab , Nemat-Allah Chaghazardi , Neda Izadi , Yones Mohammadi , Farzad Soleymani and Omolbanin Atashbahar
  Performance of the hospital’s emergency department can be evaluated by means of key quantitative and qualitative indicators. Important quantitative indicator, including percent of failed CPR, waiting time duration, percent of released emergency patients with personal responsibility, percent of released emergency patients in specific times, etc. Present study aims to survey emergency department’s performance by means of mentioned indicators during pre and post-health care reform. This was a descriptive and cross-sectional study, implemented during 2013 and 2014, pre and post-health care reform in the public hospitals of Kermanshah province. Data gathered by means of performance indicators in the emergency department were evaluated. Then indicators of these 2 periods were compared by means of the paired independent t-test while p<0.05 was considered to be at a significant level. Among measured indicators, failed CPR (p = 0.025) waiting time duration in level 4 triage (p = 0.012) emergency patient who were settled in 6 h (p = 0.00) patients who moved out of the department in 12 h (p = 0.00) decreased after the implement of health care reform in surveyed hospitals and other indicators didn’t change. Hospitals’ indicators including indicators of emergency department are the most important hospital performance indicators considering various fields. So comprehensive attention to these indicators is necessary because hospital indicators show clearly hospital performance and also hospital’s weaknesses and strengths which are explicit with more thought on these indicators. What’s more its performance has a direct impact on hospital activity, health network and health care system activities.
  Farzad Jalilian , Mehdi Mirzaei Alavijeh , Touraj Ahmadi Jouybari , Behzad Karami Matin , Mohammad Ahmadpanah , Ahmad Ali Eslami and Mohammad Mahboubi
  One of the main factors of tendency to high risk behaviors such as substance use is the personality factors; on the other hand the limited number of available standard scales is among the main barriers ahead of conducting relevant researches. The objective of this study was psychometrics of the Substance Use Risk Profile Scale (SURPS) among Iranian male medical university students. This cross-sectional study was done among 425 male college students in Iran, 2014. The participants were selected using random sampling method with proportional to the size probability. The SURPS is comprised of four factors of anxiety sensitivity, impulsivity, sensation seeking, and hopelessness in order to predict the substance use risk. Data were analyzed by the SPSS Software (ver. 21.0) using CITC, KMO, Bartlett’s test and alpha cronbach coefficient. In addition, Amos Software (ver. 21.0) was applied to assess confirmatory factor analysis by using CMIN, CMIN/DF, CFI, NFI, PNFI and RMSEA. All the studied options in analyzing exploratory factor with factorial loadings of >0.4 were confirmed. In explanatory factor analysis, the results of KMO test were calculated at 0.842. Totally, four personality variables described 53.34% of the assumed model changes. The Cronbach’s alpha for the measured structures including hopelessness, impulsivity, sensation seeking and anxiety sensitivity were 0.81, 0.80, 0.77 and 0.78, respectively. Factor analyses provided support of SURPS in order to evaluate personality factors among Iranian college students is valid and reliable. SURPS scale can be applied for studies among Iranian college students.
  Behzad Karami-Matin , Majid Barati , Shoeib Rahimi , Razieh Zolghadr , Mohammad Fattahi and Mohammad Mahboubi
  Substance abuse can be a predictor of mental health problems and reduce individual’s quality of life and the increasing trend of comorbidity of drug addiction and mental disorders has been reported. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of mental disorders among Iranian male addict. This cross-sectional study conducted in 250 male addicts who were referred to Methadone Maintenance Treatment (MMT) centers in Kermanshah, the West of Iran. Participants were randomly selected to participate voluntarily in the study and filled out a standard questionnaire. Data were analyzed by SPSS Version 21 using bivariate correlations, Chi-square and t-test at 95% significant level. The mean general health of respondents was 35.66 [95% CI: 33.46, 37.87], ranged from 12-65. In addition, based on GHQ-28 questioner about 78.1% of respondents were suspected of mental disorders. Furthermore, our findings indicated was a significant relationship between mental disorders with education, marital status, economic status and initiation age for drug use (p<0.05). Our findings indicate a high prevalence of mental disorders among Iranian drug addict and show the necessity of psychological interventions for these individuals.
  Mohammad Ismail Motlagh , Mehdi Mirzaei-Alavijeh , Farzad Jalilian , Motahareh Allameh , Behzad Karami-Matin , Ebrahim Shakiba and Mohammad Mahboubi
  Satisfaction indicates customers’ reaction to features of products and services offered by an organization and have been known as a criterion to measure efficiency of health care organizations and customers’ satisfaction with services. The present study also aims to investigate women satisfaction with SABA health care services in west of Iran. In this cross-sectional study, conducted in Hamadan county, the West of Iran, a total of 800 women who used Iranian women health project (SABA services) aged 30-60 years old were randomly selected to participate voluntarily in the study. Participants filled out a self-administered questionnaire. Data were analyzed by SPSS Version 21 using t-test, ANOVA and Pearson correlation statistical tests at 95% significant level. The mean age of respondents was 42.45 years [SD: 8.02]. Total score of satisfaction was 26.37 (SD = 5.44) which suggested that 75.3% of participants gained the given maximum score to satisfaction. Pearson correlation test showed not statistically meaningful association between age and satisfaction (p = 0.181, r = -0.048). In addition, we found that significant relationship between education level, marital status and insurance with satisfaction. The results suggested high satisfaction of women living west of Iran with SABA services, especially satisfaction with physicians and other health care staff behavior. However, the least satisfaction was reported with follow up in later visits.
  Farzad Jalilian , Mohammad Ismail Motlagh , Mehdi Mirzaei-Alavijeh , Motahareh Allameh , Behzad Karami-Matin , Farid Najafi , Behrooz Hamzeh and Mohammad Mahboubi
  Life style as one of the most influential factors on health; in addition people who manage a healthy life style show fewer risky behaviors. The present study aims to investigate life style of middle age women in Ravansar city, in the Kermanshah county in West of Iran. In this cross-sectional study, conducted in Kermanshah county, the West of Iran, a total of 500 profiles of documenting Iranian women health were randomly selected to participate in the study. Data were analyzed by SPSS Version 21. Participants’ ages ranged from 30-60. Their average age was 44.94 years old, SD = 8.28. Smoking, alcohol drinking and drug abuse were reported 0.6, 0.2, 0.2 and 0.2%, respectively. About 34.6% of women had appropriate physical activity. The findings indicated, majority of participants suffered from abdominal obesity, over weight and obesity (74.6%) about 65.2% of them lived an inactive life style. On the other hand, 47.6, 53.2 and 22.6% of participants did not consume enough dairy products, vegetables and fruits, respectively. Also, 20.4, 29.2, 59.2 and 53% of participants reported eating fast food every week, drinking carbonated drinks every week and using semi-solid and solid oils and using salt with food, respectively.
  Behzad Karami Matin , Satar Rezaei , Mehdi Moradinazar , Mohammad Mahboubi and Mari Ataee
  Primary health care is the core of the health system of each country and assessing quality of these services is the first step in planning to maintain or promote health status of people. The study aimed to evaluate the quality of health services provided in urban health centers in Kermanshah province, West of Iran, in the year 2015. This was a cross-sectional and descriptive study which the perspective of 400 respondents were assessed about the quality of primary health services provided by health centers in Kermanshah. Samples were selected by multi-cluster sampling. First, among fourteen towns of Kermanshah province, three towns were randomly chosen. Second by random sampling, three health center were chosen in each town, then each health center was included 45 participants. Data was collected by SERVQUAL questionnaire, based on the five dimensions of service quality gap which includes 22 questions. The collected data was statistically analyzed by STATA V.12 Software. The results indicated that there are negative gap in all of five dimensions. The highest and lowest gaps in the mean score were found in the assurance (-1.82) and empathy (-1.02) dimensions. The highest and lowest mean score of perception were associated with assurance and responsiveness, respectively. Also, the highest and lowest mean score of expectation were associated with assurance and empathy, respectively. Based on the study, in all of five dimensions, there was a significant difference gaps between the respondents’ perceptions and their expectation. However, it is suggested that the planners and managers of health centers must improve the timeliness of the delivery of care and enhance the communication skills of staff members in order to increase the quality of the services provided.
  Mehdi Mirzaei-Alavijeh , Mohammad Ismail Motlagh , Farzad Jalilian , Motahareh Allameh , Behzad Karami-Matin , Abbas Firoozabadi and Mohammad Mahboubi
  Availability of and access to quality health care services directly affects all aspects of women’s health. The objective of this study was to determine factors related to intention of Iranian women health services (SABA services) utilization based on the Social Cognitive Theory (SCT). This cross-sectional study was conducted on 800 married women aged 30-60 years old in the West of Iran were randomly selected to participate voluntarily in the study. Participants filled out a self-administered questionnaire including the expanded social cognitive theory components. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 21 using t-test, One-way ANOVA, bivariate correlation as well as linear regression and at 95% significant level. SCT variables were statistically significant for predicting intention of SABA services utilization which they were accounted for 38% of the variation in intention of SABA services utilization (Adjusted R2 = 0.38, F = 105.296 and p<0.001). The findings indicated, attitude, subjective norms, outcome expectation and self-efficacy were better predicators of intention of SABA services utilization among Iranian women’s.
  Mehdi Mirzaei-Alavijeh , Mohammad Ismail Motlagh , Farzad Jalilian , Motahareh Allameh , Behzad Karami-Matin and Mohammad Mahboubi
  Sexual health plays an important role in health promotion; the importance of the issue, the present study aims to investigate reproductive health among middle age women in Ravansar city, the west of Iran. In this cross-sectional study, conducted in Kermanshah County, the west of Iran, a total of 500 profiles of documenting Iranian women health, were randomly selected to participate in the study. Data were analyzed by SPSS Version 21. The mean age of respondents was 44.94 years (95% CI: 44.21, 45.67), ranged from 30-60 year. The mean age of first pregnancy among respondents was 20.74 years (SD: 5.01). The history of stillbirth was reported among 1.2% of respondents. Furthermore, 1.8% of participants had infertility. In addition, history of sexual dysfunction was reported among 2.2% of respondents. Also, perineal wound, abnormal vaginal discharge, cervical lesions and abnormalities of the uterus examinations were respectively observed among 1.6, 11.4, 3.4 and 6.4% of participants. Based on our findings, it seems essential to train women on reproductive health and taking regular Pap smear tests. In addition, perineal wound, abnormal vaginal discharge, cervical lesions and abnormalities of the uterus examinations were, respectively observed among 1.6, 11.4, 3.4 and 6.4% of participants.
  Nabi Jomehzadeh , Mohammad Mahboubi , Noorallah Taheri , Sara Kooi , Maryam Drris , Seyed Mokhtar Hosseini , Mohammad Hossein Haghighizadeh , Khorshid Paidar and Mahsan moosavi
  A Symptomatic Bacteriuria (ASB) during pregnancy is amajor risk factor for development of pyelonephritis which is associated with potential obstetrical complications such as preterm labor and low birth weight if unrecognised and untreated. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of ASB, associated risk factors and antimicrobial susceptibility of isolated uropathogens among antenatal women. This cross-sectional study was conducted at Obstetric Clinic in Abadan Taleghani hospital between May 2014 and December 2014. Clean catch mid-stream urine specimen were collected from 200 antenatal women and then processed using standard bacteriological methods. We found the prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria was 9% among the pregnant women. Escherichia coli (55.5%), followed by Enterobacter cloacae (22.2%) were detected as the predominant microorganisms. Ciprofloxacin and Ceftriaxon were found to be the most effective antibacterial agent against the isolates in this study. Screening of asymptomatic bacteriuria in pregnancy and convenient treatment must be considered as an indispensable part of antenatal care.
  Farzad Jalilian , Hassan Joulaei , Mehdi Mirzaei- Alavijeh , Bahareh Samannezhad , Parisa Berimvandi , Behzad Karami Matin and Mohammad Mahboubi
  Smoking is one of the main risky factors to develop different types of diseases, especially in relation to non-communicable diseases. The aim of this study was determine prevalence and cognitive factors related to cigarettes smoking based on the theory of planned behavior among students in Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences.This cross-sectional study, conducted among college students in Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, the West of Iran, a total of 620 students were randomly selected to participate voluntarily in the study. Participants filled out a self-administered questionnaire including the background data and theory of planned behavior constructs. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 21 using bivariate correlations, linear and logistic regression statistical tests at 95% significant level. Almost 11.6% of the participants had a history of smoking. The TPB variables accounted for 38% of the variation in the outcome measure of the intention to cigarette smoking. The best predictors for cigarette smoking was subjective norms with odds ratio estimate of 1.361 (95% CI: 1.223, 1.515) and attitude with odds ratio estimate of 1.041 (95% CI: 1.025, 1.058). Based on the result it seems that designing and implementation of educational programs to reduction positive attitude and subjective norms toward prevention cigarette smoking among college students could be useful result to cigarette smoking prevention.
  Behzad Karami-Matin , Majid Barati , Ebadollah Bavandpour , Abouzar Keshavarzi , Razieh Pirouzeh and Mohammad Mahboubi
  Addiction is one of the major problems in human societies and relapse of addiction is most challenge in addiction treatment. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of relapse and examine the relationship of resiliency and social support on relapse among sample of Iranian addict. This cross-sectional study was conducted in Kermanshah, Iran, 2015. A total of 250 male opiate addicts, who were referred to addiction treatment centers for receiving methadone maintenance treatment, were randomly selected to participate voluntarily in the study. Participants filled out a standard questionnaire. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 21 using bivariate correlations, t-test and ANOVA statistical tests at 95% significant level. The participants’ age ranged from 20-50 years with a mean age of 31.20 (SD = 7.34) years. Mean initiation age for substance abuse was 14.90 years. Almost, 50.7% of participants was reported had relapse in the past 6 month. Furthermore was a significant relationship between relapse with resiliency (p = 0.001) and social support (p = 0.002). Our findings indicated social support and resiliency was low among addicts and seems necessary to designing and implementing of intervention for increase social support and resiliency for addicts could be beneficial results for the relapse prevention.
  Touraj Ahmadi-Jouybari , Shoeib Rahimi , Farid Najafi , Mohammad Mahboubi , Hajar Kashefi , Behzad Karami Matin , Siavash Rahimi and Abbas Aghaei
  Discharge from hospital on person contest could be a threat to patient’s health. This is especially important in the emergency and intensive care department since it may threaten patient’s life due to absence of proper medical care. The present study aimed to investigate the consequences of discharge on the consent of the patients attending poisoning emergency department in Imam Khomaini hospital in Kermanshah, Iran in 2015. This was a prospective cohort study among 302 patients who were discharged on their personal contest in 2015. The patients received a phone call a week after their discharge. The required data was collected using a questionnaire developed for the study. Data were analyzed by SPSS Version 16. Mean age was 28.06±12.14, their mean hospitalization time was 14.56±12.4, the mean time of poisoning and attending a hospital was 3.24±12.4. Also, there were meaningful difference between ages of genders (p = 0.85), time interval of poisoning and attending a hospital (p = 0.873) and hospitalization period (p = 0.279). Among the patients, 19 (9.3%) reported history on seizures, 29 (14.1%) history on suicide, 16 (7.8%) history on psychic. There were meaningful relationships reported among suicide history and problems and pauses to return to work and feeling sleepy, being female and falling down and head trauma and impaired balance while walking, history on addiction and problems with eating, unstable vital signs on arrival and difficulty in returning to work and impaired balance. Patients with the factors known to the study were required to receive more care and in the case of discharge on personal contest, they should learn necessary care and possible warnings and consequences of their decision.
  Farzad Jalilian , Amin Karami Matin , Mohammad Mahboubi , Razieh Pirouzeh , Sedighe Sofi , Hadith Golami and Shiva Khashij
  Pregnancy is one of the most important and vulnerable course for women, the prevalence of anxiety in this time is more than any other course that can be followed several side effects for mother and baby. The aim of this study was to determine the socio-demographic characteristics associated with pregnancy-related anxiety among pregnant women in the West of Iran. In this cross-sectional study, conducted in Kermanshah County, the West of Iran, a total of 150 women’s was randomly selected to participate voluntarily in the study. Participants filled out a self-administered questionnaire. Data were analyzed by SPSS Version 21 using t-test and ANOVA statistical tests at 95% significant level. The mean age of respondents was 27.92 years [SD: 5.61], ranged from 18-43 years. There was a statistically meaningful relationship between first-time pregnant and during the pregnancy with pregnancy-related anxiety (p<0.05). Total score of pregnancy-related anxiety was 18.72 (SD: 4.63) which suggested that 46.8% of participants gained the given maximum score to pregnancy-related anxiety. Our findings indicated pregnancy-related anxiety was associated with first-time pregnant and during the pregnancy.
  Farzad Jalilian , Amin Karami Matin , Mohammad Mahboubi , Shoeib Rahimi , Zahra Fazel , Touraj Ahmadi Juibari and Shiva Khashij
  One of the important problems in modern society is inactivity. The aim of this study was to determine factors associated with regular physical activity among college students based on Health Belief Model (HBM). This study was a cross-sectional study carried out on 350 students in Kermanshah University of medical sciences. Based on the assignment among different schools, classified sampling method was chosen for data gathering using a questionnaire in three parts including: demographic information, constructs of HBM model and standard International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). Data were analyzed by SPSS-21 and using bivariate correlations and logistic regression at 95% significant level. Based on the results, 58.3% had low, 31.7 moderate and 10% vigorous physical activity. Among the HBM constructs: perceived barrier (OR = 0.745) and perceived self-efficacy (OR = 2.414) were the more influential predictor on physical activity. Furthermore, among the background variables: male gender (OR = 3.431) and living in dormitory (OR = 3.872) were major factors to predict physical activity among the college students. The findings of the present study indicated that self-efficacy and reduction of perceived barriers in students had a more effective role in doing regular physical activity.
 
 
 
Copyright   |   Desclaimer   |    Privacy Policy   |   Browsers   |   Accessibility