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Articles by Mohammad Chamani
Total Records ( 3 ) for Mohammad Chamani
  Naser Maheri-Sis , Mohammad Chamani , Ali Asghar Sadeghi , Ali Mirzaaghazadeh , Kambiz Nazeradl and Abolfazl Aghajanzadeh-Golshani
  This study was carried out to evaluate effects of drying and ensiling on ruminal cell wall (neutral detergent fibre; NDF) degradation of tomato pomace using in situ technique. Nylon bags filled with 5 g (on dry matter basis) of each wet, dried and ensiled tomato pomace were suspended in the rumen of three fistulated Ghezel rams for 0, 2, 4, 8, 12, 24, 48 and 72 h and obtained data were fitted to a non-linear degradation model to calculate ruminal degradation characteristics. Results showed that drying and ensiling, cause significant decrease in cell wall degradation of tomato pomace at all incubation times. Cell wall water soluble fraction (a) was decreased and potentially degradable fraction (b) was increased, while rate of degradation (c) and potential degradability (a+b) were not significantly affected by drying and ensiling of tomato pomace. Effective rumen degradability of cell wall was significantly reduced by the processing. In an overall conclusion, cell wall degradability of fresh tomato pomace was higher than that of dried and ensiled form. In other word, ensiling and drying can exert negative effects on cell wall degradation of tomato pomace in the rumen.
  Behnaz Mahdavi , Hamid Reza Khodaei , Reza Moghiminasr , Mohammad Chamani and Mehrdad Modaresi
  Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA) is a group of long-chain unsaturated fatty acids with >1 double bond and a mixture of 28 isomers of linoleic acid (C 18:2) and it is counted as one of the essential fatty acids. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of CLA on some reproductive hormones and ram semen quality in non-reproductive season. In this study, 6 heads of 3-4 years old rams with the average weight of 90 kg were selected. Diet rams were used by NRC. Rams were randomly divided into 3 groups and were treated by CLA for 30 days. The 1st group (as a control group) did not receive CLA. The 2nd group received 0.5 g day¯1 and the 3rd group received 1g day¯1 of CLA. Consumed CLA included the c9, t11 and t10, c12 isomers. The blood testing was done on rams every 15 days (0, 15 and 30) and sperm measurements were performed every 15 days using an artificial vagina. Data analysis was performed by SAS software. Also, mean comparison was done using Duncan’s test method (p<0.05). Obtained results showed that the serum concentration of testosterone hormone was decreased numerically, as well as the concentration of FSH (Follicle-Stimulating Hormone). However, the concentration of LH (Luteinizing Hormone) was increased. Also, the CLA had a significant effect on leptin concentration. CLA in oral form can reduce the concentration of testosterone and increase sperm motility in rams. According to the obtained results in this survey, CLA is knowingly effective on reproduction. In rams, it caused an increase in dihydroxy testosterone concentrations, however it reduced the total testosterone concentration. Also, CLA caused a significant increase in total motility and progressive motility of sperms in ram.
  Seyed Mohammad Motamedi , Mohammad Chamani , Seyed Abdoullah Hoseini and Nasser Emam Jomeh Kashan
  This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of dairy waste supplement, Galipro probiotic, TechnoMos prebiotic in the diet on growth performance, immune response, microbial flora and intestinal morphometry in broiler chickens. This study was conducted in completely randomized design with 8 treatments and 5 replications. A total number of 1200 male broiler chickens (Ross 308) with similar body weight (42.0±1.0 g) were used. Diets contained Galipro probiotic, TechnoMos prebiotic and Dairy Waste (DW) supplement in the different level (2.5, 5, 7.5 and 10 kg ton–1). In this study, some parameters including growth performance, cellular and humoral immunities, cecal microbial population and intestinal morphology in broiler chicks were investigated. Results showed that birds in synbiotic group consumed more feed intake in comparison to other groups in finisher period (p<0.05). Body Weight Gain (BWG) and Feed Conversion Ratio (FCR) were not influenced by experimental treatments in starter and grower periods (p>0.05) while BWG and FCR were significantly higher and lower in 7.5 and 10% DW in comparison to control group in finisher period (p<0.05). The obtained results showed that levels of Immunoglobulin (IgG), Immunoglobulin (IgM), Immunoglobulin (IgT), intestinal villus height and thickness and becterial population of beneficial bacteria in the both periods were significantly higher in broiler chicks fed the 5, 7.5 and 10% DW+synbiotic in comparison to control group (p<0.05). In conclusion, the use of higher levels of DW (7.5 and 10%) and synbiotic in broiler chicks diets could be advised to improve immune system and growth performance that act by modulation in intestinal morphology and beneficial microbial population.
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