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Articles by Mirela CRISTEA
Total Records ( 2 ) for Mirela CRISTEA
  Mirela CRISTEA and Raluca DRACEA
  In this paper, we present a simulation model and other modalities of reducing the risk impacts for the agricultural field, which is characterised by a strong exposure to risk. While in other sectors the main factors are economic, social and operational, agriculture has both these risks, plus the factors of weather. Applying the simulation model, individual farmers can cuantify the costs and benefits of risk reducing policies and create risk-related effects on their decisions. Adapting the model for every individual farmers, they can manage the impact of risks against their production by taking properly decisions regarding the use of land and other inputs, and also with respect to government payments and other risk reduction strategies that they can use. After looking at the agricultural tools applied in America and different countries from Europe, we underline the importance of the public-private relation in sustaining of agricultural insurance. The most sophisticated agricultural insurance scheme is MPCI one used in America which can inspire the European Union one.
  Raluca DRACEA , Daniela Ciupeanu CALUGARU and Mirela CRISTEA
  This paper focused on the green taxes, great actuality issue in the contemporary world. As research method, the paper is based on economical theory of externalities, their presence making the company to take decisions with different social effects. Starting from social cost and private cost of human activity, it is a debate regarding the internalization of external costs by applying the corrective taxes. The purpose of this paper it is the establishing of an optimal tax level which has as effect the decreasing of the overall cost of a negative externality (for example, the pollution) through controlling the external effects. Deriving from the analysis it has been disclosed that ideally the environmental taxes should be introduced over externalities source, meaning that taxes should report directly over emissions or environment services.
 
 
 
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