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Articles by Michael Gossop
Total Records ( 3 ) for Michael Gossop
  Michael Gossop , Duncan Stewart and John Marsden

Aims  This study investigates the relationship between frequency of attendance at Narcotics Anonymous and Alcoholics Anonymous (NA/AA) meetings and substance use outcomes after residential treatment of drug dependence. It was predicted that post-treatment NA/AA attendance would be related to improved substance use outcomes.

Methods  Using a longitudinal, prospective cohort design, interviews were conducted with drug-dependent clients (n = 142) at intake to residential treatment, and at 1 year, 2 years and 4–5 years follow-up. Data were collected by structured interviews. All follow-up interviews were carried out by independent professional interviewers.

Findings  Abstinence from opiates was increased throughout the 5-year follow-up period compared to pre-treatment levels. Clients who attended NA/AA after treatment were more likely to be abstinent from opiates at follow-up. Abstinence from stimulants increased at follow-up but (except at 1-year follow-up) no additional benefit was found for NA/AA attendance. There was no overall change in alcohol abstinence after treatment but clients who attended NA/AA were more likely to be abstinent from alcohol at all follow-up points. More frequent NA/AA attenders were more likely to be abstinent from opiates and alcohol when compared both to non-attenders and to infrequent (less than weekly) attenders.

Conclusions  NA/AA can support and supplement residential addiction treatment as an aftercare resource. In view of the generally poor alcohol use outcomes achieved by drug-dependent patients after treatment, the improved alcohol outcomes of NA/AA attenders suggests that the effectiveness of existing treatment services may be improved by initiatives that lead to increased involvement and engagement with such groups.

  Katinka Anchersen , Thomas Clausen , Michael Gossop , Viggo Hansteen and Helge Waal
  Aims To determine the prevalence of corrected QT interval (QTc) prolongation among patients in opioid maintenance treatment (OMT) and to investigate mortality potentially attributable to QTc prolongation in the Norwegian OMT programme. Participants and setting Two hundred OMT patients in Oslo were recruited to the QTc assessment study between October 2006 and August 2007. The Norwegian register of all patients receiving OMT in Norway (January 1997–December 2003) and the national death certificate register were used to assess mortality. Mortality records were examined for the 90 deaths that had occurred among 2382 patients with 6450 total years in OMT. Design and measures The QTc interval was assessed by electrocardiography (ECG). All ECGs were examined by the same cardiologist, who was blind to patient history and medication. Mortality was calculated by cross-matching the OMT register and the national death certificate register: deaths that were possibly attributable to QTc prolongation were divided by the number of patient-years in OMT. Findings In the QTc assessment sample (n = 200), 173 patients (86.5%) received methadone and 27 (13.5%) received buprenorphine. In the methadone group, 4.6% (n = 8) had a QTc above 500 milliseconds; 15% (n = 26) had a QTc interval above 470 milliseconds; and 28.9% (n = 50) had a QTc above 450 milliseconds. All patients receiving buprenorphine (n = 27) had QTc results <450 milliseconds. A positive dose-dependent association was identified between QTc length and dose of methadone, and all patients with a QTc above 500 milliseconds were taking methadone doses of 120 mg or more. OMT patient mortality, where QTc prolongation could not be excluded as the cause of death, was 0.06/100 patient-years. Only one death among 3850 OMT initiations occurred within the first month of treatment. Conclusion Of the methadone patients, 4.6% had QTc intervals above 500 milliseconds. The maximum mortality attributable to QTc prolongation was low: 0.06 per 100 patient-years.
  Vincent Chin-Hung Chen , Hong Chen , Tsang- Yaw Lin , Hwey- Hwang Chou , Te -Jen Lai , Cleusa P. Ferri and Michael Gossop
  The development of instruments to assess substance use that are easy to use, valid and reliable across cultures is an important task. The present study investigates the reliability and validity of the Chinese language version of the SDS (SDS[Ch]) when used to measure severity of dependence among heroin users in Taiwan (n=522). Data were collected on demographic data, heroin use behaviours, and criminal convictions. Taiwanese heroin users recorded high SDS[Ch] scores and the results support the validity and reliability of the Chinese version of the SDS. A positive correlation was found between SDS[Ch] scores and DSM-IV criteria for heroin dependence. SDS[Ch] scores were positively related to heroin injection, frequency of heroin injection, spending on heroin, earlier age of onset of heroin use and more drug-related criminal convictions. The findings support the suggestion that the concept of dependence as assessed by the SDS has cross-cultural validity.
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