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Articles by Md. Zahangir Alam
Total Records ( 3 ) for Md. Zahangir Alam
  Md. Zahangir Alam
  Studies on the removal of three basic dyes (Basic Blue 3, Basic Red 22, Basic Black 9) from aqueous solutions by adsorption on Sewage Treatment Plant (STP) biosolids (sludge) as an adsorbent were carried out with an aim to obtain information on treating effluents from textile and/or dye industries. A series of experiments were undertaken in a batch adsorption technique to access the effect of the process variables i.e. initial dye concentration, contact time, initial pH, adsorbent dose, temperature and agitation rate. The adsorption capacity of basic dyes was higher (22-24 mg g-1) with the lower values of the temperature (25-30C), adsorbent dosage (0.5-0.75% w/v), higher values of the initial pH (8-9) and agitation rate (150-200 rpm). The equilibrium in the solution was observed within 2 h of operation. The equilibrium isotherm for each dye was determined to describe the biosorption processes. The results showed that the equilibrium data were fitted by both of the Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms while Freundlich isotherms was slightly better fitted for Basic Blue 3 and Langmuir was for the Basic Black 9 in terms of regression coefficients (R2).
  Parveen Jamal , Md. Zahangir Alam , M. Ramlan , M. Salleh and Masrina M. Nadzir
  In this study, screening of potential microbes, especially Aspergillus, for citric acid production from Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) is carried out to improve the product yield. The fermentation of the raw material POME for the production of citric acid was conducted by the liquid state fermentation process. A total of ten strains of Aspergillus were selected for the screening test of which six strains were isolated from Sewage Treatment Plant Sludge (STP Sludge), purified and identified up to genus level and four strains of Aspergillus were from lab stock. All strains were screened under controlled fermentation conditions such as pH range of 2-3, temperature 30°C and agitation 150 rpm, using 1% (w/w) of substrate (POME), 2% (w/w) co-substrate (wheat flour) with inoculum size of 2% (106 spore mL -1 ). These strains were examined in terms of maximum citric acid production, biosolid production (TSS%) and Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) removal. The strain Aspergillus (A103) produced the highest concentration of citric acid (0.28 g L -1 ), TSS (12.7 g L -1 ) and COD removal (72%) followed by A1020, A-SS106 and others on 2-4 days of fermentation.
  Parveen Jamal , Ruqayyah I.D. Tijani , Md. Zahangir Alam and Md. Elwathig S. Mirghani
  Response surface methodology based on the Face-Centered Central Composite Design (FCCCD) was employed to determine the effects of process conditions on the production of an enriched animal feed from cassava peel by a locally isolated white rot fungus Panus tigrinus (M609RQY). Seventeen experimental runs based on three parameters (pH, inoculum size and moisture content) as designated by FCCD were carried out under solid state fermentation. The effect of these parameters on lignin degradation in cassava peel was evaluated. Statistical analysis of the results showed that, only moisture content exerted a highly significant effect (p<0.01) on lignin degradation. The optimum parameter combination was found at 70% v/w of moisture content, 6% v/w inoculum size and pH of 5.30. Under this optimum, 50.62% lignin loss was obtained. This study presents a viable option to the management of cassava peel for production of value-added-product animal feed.
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