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Articles by Md. Shahin Mia
Total Records ( 3 ) for Md. Shahin Mia
  Chamhuri Siwar , Ferdoushi Ahmed , Ahmad Bashawir and Md. Shahin Mia
  In recent years, urban poverty in Malaysia has been considered as an increasingly visible phenomenon due to impacts of urbanization. This study aims to assess the trends in urban poverty and urbanization in Malaysia during 1970-2012. The study also examines consequences of rapid urbanization and urban vulnerable group in the country. The study used empirical data on urbanization, household income, poverty, population at rural and urban level. The data were obtained from Economic Planning Unit (EPU), Malaysia and Department of Statistics, Malaysia. The findings reveal that there was a downward trend in urban poverty incidences. Poverty rate in urban areas decreased from 25.5% in 1970 to 1% in 2012. However, average monthly income of urban households is much higher (almost twice) than that of rural families which indicates a high income inequality in urban and rural level. The country experienced cumulative growth of urbanization during the last few decades. Level of urbanization was 34.2% in 1980 and reached to 71% in 2010. The country also observed a boom in urban population that swelled from 27% of total population in 1970 to 71% in 2010. Significant increase of urban population in a short span of time creates various problems including high cost of living, crime, social problem, environmental deterioration, unemployment and poverty. Therefore, to tackle the problems, it is urgently required to identify the location of poor in city, differences between poor areas, effectiveness of specific programs as well as design and best practice of urban poverty reduction programs and policies.
  Md. Shahin Mia , Rawshan Ara Begum , A.C. Er and Joy Jacqueline Pereira
  Dengue infection has become an important and serious public health concern in Malaysia during the past few decades. The disease is predominant in urban areas where majority of the country’s total population resides. However, there is limited research in assessing financial burden of the disease on household in the country. The aim of this study is to quantify financial losses faced by the households due to dengue infection in Seremban district, Malaysia. The study conducted a survey based on personal (i.e., face to face) interview to obtain primary data. A total of 120 dengue patients registered at the Tuanku Ja’afar Hospital in Seremban were interviewed by using a standardized questionnaire. The findings revealed that the age-specific incidence rate was highest (25.1%) among the young adult group (i.e., 16-25 years of age) indicating that they are the most vulnerable group to dengue infection. The study found that households spend every month, on average, USD3.92 (MYR12.33) to buy preventive products such as insecticides aerosol spray, mosquito repellent, mosquito coils, mats, etc. Expenses on insecticides aerosol spray constitute the greatest portion (nearly 62%) of the total monthly expenditure for preventive measures. The household’s total average cost of treatment per dengue case was estimated at USD37.26 (MYR118.00). The analyses revealed that 24.10% of the total cost for treatment is attributed to the cost for medical care (USD8.98) which includes expenses on consultation with doctors, diagnosis and medicines. On the other hand, non-medical expenses (i.e., transportation, food, drinks and so on) represent the largest share (nearly 76%) of the total treatment cost. Findings of the study suggest that a single episode of dengue places sizeable financial burden to household, especially in terms of treatment cost. Estimates of costs of dengue at household level are crucial to inform policy-makers about financial burden of the disease and may assist in implementing more effective control strategies to minimize the ongoing burden of the disease in the country.
  Md. Shahin Mia , A.C. Er and Joy Jacqueline Pereira
  In Malaysia, dengue infection is becoming an increasingly important public health problem. Seremban is one of the highly affected districts by dengue in the country. This study, aims to examine illness characteristics and treatment seeking behavior of dengue patients in Seremban, Malaysia. The study also quantifies household’s days lost due to dengue and utilization of medical services by the patients in the district. Structured interviews were conducted at household level in order to obtain primary data for the study. A total of 120 patients with confirmed dengue illness were enrolled in the study. It was found that majority (90.80%) of the surveyed patients had a Dengue Fever (DF) while 7.50 and 1.70% of the patients suffered from Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) and Dengue Shock Syndrome (DSS), respectively. The study revealed that government hospitals/clinics were the facilities most commonly used by the patients (44.2%) for seeking treatment at the initial stage of the disease. However, after the onset of symptoms, a greater portion (42.5%) of the respondents took self-treatment at home without consulting a doctor. The average duration of illness per dengue case was 9.69 days. Consequently, an episode of dengue resulted in a total of 18.73 days lost to the entire household of which school-going patients lost 6.25 days of school and those working (patients and caregivers) lost 12.48 days of work. The findings of the study provide a detailed knowledge or insight about illness characteristics, treatment seeking behavior and household’s days lost due to dengue which might assist policy-makers in implementing more effective control strategies for the disease at district as well as national level.
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