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Articles by Md. Aminul Islam
Total Records ( 17 ) for Md. Aminul Islam
  Wasib B Latif , Md. Aminul Islam , Idris Bin Mohd Noor , Syahira Bt Saaban and Md. Rafique Azad
  The conceptual framework of brand image is a combination of antecedents and outcomes that create differential effects on customer response to the marketing of the brand. By constructing a conceptual framework of brand image, organizations will build a competitive advantage in the marketplace that will increase their overall image with long-term sustainability. Indeed, recent trends in modern marketing have changed tremendously and study of conceptual framework of brand image is increasingly becoming considerable to keep pace with this change. In this conceptual study, researchers have summarized the literatures on currently prevailing concepts and approaches on brand image that will allow us to identify the conceptual framework of brand image and therefore will facilitate organizations to enhance their marketing efficiency and effectiveness. In this research, researchers discussed a case study in Bangladesh and in light of the findings of this case study, researchers put forward the notion that the conceptual framework of brand image need to be associated with organizational activities. Researchers suggest that these activities could play a major role in creating brand image among customers.
  Md. Aminuzzaman , Rosni Bakar and Md. Aminul Islam
  Compliance with accounting or financial reporting standards disseminated by International Accounting Standards Board (previously ISAC) became a crucial issue of the day after a series of corporate debacles over a decade. Regulators, professional bodies and researchers around the globe expressed their concern about the need for improved accounting and audit pronouncements and compliance for providing better information than previously required for the grounding and demonstration of corporate financial statements. The Institute of Chartered Accountants of Bangladesh (ICAB) the only authority for implementation of IASs and IFRSs has already adopted most of the principles handed out by the International Accounting Standards Committee (IASC). The first and foremost goal of the study to find out the extent of corporate disclosure based on the study comprised Bangladesh and whether there is any flaw in standard setting that leads to non-compliance. In addition, it also aims to reviewing the association between a numbers of corporate characteristics and levels of disclosure in company annual reports of listed companies in an emerging economy, like Bangladesh. Few years ago, annual reports of some Bangladeshi listed companies manufacturing in nature were examined. The result showed that the companies significantly followed, the selected accounting standards under review and brought about notable changes in the financial reporting practices.
  Chong Hui Ling , Md. Aminul Islam , Arman Hadi Abdul Manaf and Wan Mashumi Wan Mustafa
  Online banking was introduced in Malaysia on 1 June, 2000 due to progressive expansion of information and communication technology. It allows consumer to manage and handle their banking account and transactions by using internet facilities. However, this system has not been fully utilized in the country due to a high number of consumers still prefer to perform banking transactions at the counters. The statistic shows that online banking subscribers in Malaysia are relatively low, since 2006 until 2013. The objective of this study is to identify, the factors which determine users satisfaction level using online banking services. Based on the literature reviewed, 6 factors have been identified to influence the online banking satisfaction level namely; self-efficacy, performance expectancy, effort expectancy, social influence, service quality and information quality. The factor performance expectancy, effort expectancy and social influence are based from the UTAUT Model whereas the service quality and information quality are based from D&M IS Success Model. The study used survey by questionnaire approach. A total of 180 questionnaires were distributed among the randomly selected respondents. However, only 125 questionnaires were collected back which made up 69.4% of total questionnaires distributed. It was found that there were 54 users (43.2%) spending <1 h on online banking transactions, such as transfer money to profit organization, third parties, checking account balance, bill payment, make e-fixed deposit placement and other. There were about 32 (25.6%) spending from 1-2 h to use online banking. The 22 of respondents (17.6%) almost never spend the time to use online banking even if they have online banking accounts. There were 17 respondents (13.6%) spending 3 h and above for the said purpose. It was found that there were 41 respondents (32.8%) using online banking a few times a month. The 30 respondents (24%) used it once a month, 28 respondents (22.4%) also used it a few times a week. Then, 14 respondents (11.2%) never used it a month. The 9 respondents (7.2%) use it once a day and there 3 (2.4%) used it several times a day. The findings indicate that factors on performance expectancy, social influence and service quality are significantly positive on users satisfaction towards online banking. However, self-efficacy, effort expectancy and information quality are non-significant. This research provides recommendations to enhance online services and strategies in the banking sector.
  Karpal Singh Dara Singh , Md. Aminul Islam and Ku Halim Ku Ariffin
  This study tries to capture, the main factors influencing corporate social responsibility practices and proposes a conceptual model comprising driving forces and its relationship with CSR practices in particular philanthropic CSR. Literatures relevant to CSR and the various factors influencing CSR practices were reviewed and 6 hypotheses have been proposed based on which the research framework was developed. The study seeks to gauge customers perspectives and sentiments about CSR and thus, a sample size involving 1200 people from diverse cultural backgrounds across all peninsular Malaysian states is being proposed. The study adopts a quantitative measure via the means of self-structured questionnaire. Since the study is explanatory in nature, reliability, correlation and regression analysis is proposed to be conducted in order to examine and test the associations between the driving forces and philanthropic CSR based on which appropriate analyses and discussions can be derived for the benefit of both the industry and the academia.
  S.M. Sohel Rana , Abdullah Osman and Md. Aminul Islam
  As retail chain store business is gaining popularity very quickly, people engaged in this sector should pay special attention to the growth of this sector. The present study, aims at determining the factors constituting customer satisfaction of retail chain stores in Bangladesh. Customer satisfaction of this sector can be a pivotal indicator of how well the stores are meeting the expectations of the customers. Customers of 3 big retail chain stores have been interviewed for the study. From the results, it was determined that the model satisfactorily explains customer satisfaction and that retail chain store owners and managers should focus on 4 major elements, responsiveness, product quality, physical design and pricing policies if customer satisfaction is to be treated as a strategic variable. The present study found that responsiveness and product quality were most important to customers followed by price and physical design. Location did not have a significant effect on customer satisfaction, although the exploratory analysis and the secondary research supported it.
  Charis Solomon , Md. Aminul Islam and Rosni Bakar
  Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) has contributed significantly to the transformation of the Malaysian economy as reflected by the changing composition of its exports and the rising share of FDI inflows. From previous studies, it has been identified that financial market development, market size of the economy, government infrastructure expenditure, economy openness, real exchange rate, corporate tax and inflation rate do contribute to the FDI inflows into a country. However, the significant contribution of each of the factors vary by countries. Thus, this study attempted to find out determinants of FDI inflows in Malaysia. The study used data concerning the FDI inflows into Malaysia from the year 1991-2010. Analysis was then carried out to identify the relevance of these determinants towards FDI inflows into Malaysia. Based on the results obtained, it shows that FDI inflows have significant positive relationship with financial market development and market size of the economy. However, FDI inflows are negatively related to corporate tax. Therefore the Malaysian government has to take certain measures to increase financial market developments and the market size of the economy but reduce or stabilize their corporate tax to encourage more FDI inflows into Malaysia.
  Rula Hani Salman Al Halaseh , Md. Aminul Islam and Rosni Bakar
  Dynamic portfolio selection optimization is essential and critical objective for any investment strategy by individuals and institutional investors. The purpose of this study is to verify the various factors effect on selecting dynamic portfolio and spot a light on pportunities for future research. This study revisits existence literature of the factors that affect in selecting the optimal ortfolio in multi-stages. Dynamic portfolio selection optimization suffers the ancient problem in estimation the risk measures and lack of information in uncertain markets and economies with demanded investors to achieve their growing objectives. Many researches conducting this problems offered new models, searching new constraints, relaxing existence constraints, adding many objectives, decreasing computation time, increasing portfolio size, reducing trading cost, finding new sources of information, new funding sources and maintaining the objectives of investors of risk return and liquidity. These researches success in providing mathematical and theoretical models that enriched the finance literature but few of it satisfies the market application. This study provides a historical background and future insight for future researches. As a revisit, this work derived from secondary sources. This revisit provides researchers and practitioners with the latest improvements of approaches by minimizing their effort in collecting the relevant material and selecting the suitable model that solve the problem of selecting their portfolio, a better understanding of each factor the limitations of their portfolios, draw attention to specific areas for further research.
  Md. Aminul Islam , M.S. Rahman , S.A. Rony , M.J. Uddin , A.K.M.A. Rahman , M.T. Islam and M. Ariful Islam
  Feline Influenza Virus (FInV) and Feline Leukemia Virus (FeLV) are two important viruses causing cat flu and neoplastic disease all over the world, respectively but to the knowledge, there is no epidemiological survey report available for these two killer diseases in cat in Bangladesh. Therefore, the present study was aimed to determine the prevalence of FInV and FeLV infection through an epidemiologic survey in selected areas of Bangladesh. For this purpose, a total 60 randomly selected cats consisting of 48 pet and 12 stray cats at Tangail district in Bangladesh during May to October, 2009 were used. Nasal swab and blood sample were collected from all cats and tested by commercial rapid RapiGEN® Feline Influenza Virus (FInV) Ag Test kit and RapiGEN® Feline Leukemia Virus (FeLV) Ag Test kit, respectively following the manufacturer’s (RapiGEN Inc., Korea) instructions. Results revealed the overall prevalence of feline influenza and feline leukemia recorded 5.0 and 1.67%, respectively in cats. There was no significant relationship between the diseases (FInV and FeLV) and different variables. However, the knowledge of the status of FInV and FeLV in cats in the study area will be helpful to undertake preventive measures for FInV and FeLV infection.
  Wasib B. Latif , Md. Aminul Islam , Idris Bin Mohd Noor , Abhinaya Chandra Saha , Shib Shankar Roy and A.B.M. Abdul Halim
  The moderating effects of tourism management and entertainment to antecedents of brand image that includes brand awareness, brand association, brand superiority, brand affection, brand resonance and corporate social responsibility towards brand image create differential impact on customer perception to the marketing of the brand. By constructing a conceptual framework of antecedents of brand image where tourism management and entertainment act as moderators, organizations will build a competitive advantage in the marketplace that will increase their overall image with long-term sustainability. Indeed, recent trends in modern marketing have changed tremendously and study of conceptual framework of antecedents of brand image is increasingly becoming considerable to keep pace with this change. In this conceptual study, we have summarized the literatures on currently prevailing concepts and approaches on antecedents of brand image that will allow us to identify the conceptual framework of antecedents of brand image that significantly moderated by the degree of tourism management and entertainment and therefore will facilitate organizations to enhance their marketing efficiency and effectiveness. In this research, we discussed a case study in Bangladesh and in light of the findings of this case study we put forward the notion that the conceptual framework of antecedents of brand image need to be associated with organizational activities. We suggest that these activities could play a major role in creating brand image among customers.
  Wasib B Latif , Md. Aminul Islam , Idris Bin Mohd Noor , Syahira Bt Saaban and A.N.M. Jahangir Kabir
  The outcomes of brand image are denoted as the latent outputs of brand image on consumer response to the marketing of the brand. Organizations are well-known that brand image will build a competitive advantage in the market place that will increase their overall image with long-term sustainability. Indeed, current trends in modern marketing environment have changed extremely and study of outcomes of brand image is increasingly becoming considerable to keep pace with this change. A brand is said to brand image when consumers respond more (less) positively to the outcomes of brand image for the brand. In this conceptual study, researchers have summarized the literatures on currently prevailing concepts and approaches on brands that will allow us to identify the outcomes of brand image and therefore will facilitate organizations to enhance their marketing efficiency and effectiveness. Based on a comprehensive review of several previous researches, here researchers propose a plausible model for the outcomes of brand image in sequential order, namely, brand familiarity, customer satisfaction, brand trust and attitudinal loyalty of the brand.
  Md. Aminul Islam
  This study examined new companies which were listed on the Dhaka Stock Exchange (DSE) for the period 1995-2005. Data were collected from company prospectuses, DSE daily diaries; DSE and SEC websites and annual report of listed companies. The lists of new listings were obtained from the various issues of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) annual report. A total of 132 companies listed at DSE during the study period were selected for this study. Several hypotheses were constructed to answer the research questions drawn in this study. Findings confirmed the hypothesis that there are widespread uses of earning management among IPO firms in Bangladesh. It is found that income increasing firms employ different tools, as compared to that of income decreasing firms in their attempt to manage earnings. Income increasing firms tend to use current accruals and non-cash gains, as opposed to income decreasing firms which prefer to use non-current accruals more than current accruals. When the variables are further decomposed, it is found that change in assets and change of liabilities are significant factors used by income increasing firms whereas income decreasing firms use change of liabilities only. In final decomposition of variables, it was revealed that income increasing firms tend to use accounts receivables and accounts payables, as oppose to income decreasing companies which tend to use inventories and accounts payables in their pursuits on managing earnings. Further, research should be undertaken with larger sample and inclusion of other variables which may help explain more on issues related to earning management in context of Bangladesh.
  Tenku Nur Shahrul Hizam YM Tengku Izham and Md. Aminul Islam
  The liquidity aspect of Kuala Lumpur foreign exchange market continues to be a puzzle to researchers. Most of microstructure literatures focused on developed and matured markets such as England, US, Japan, Europe and Australia. However, conceptual studies on the Kuala Lumpur foreign exchange market are often neglected by most researchers due to the smallest trading size and Malaysian Ringgit is not being one of active currencies traded in the international market. The purpose of this study is to provide an overview, structure and liquidity in Kuala Lumpur foreign exchange market which will distinguish this study from most of the literatures. This study focuses on a particular blend of Malaysia ingredients USD/MYR that have the potential to put Malaysia at the forefront of this research. Furthermore, this study provides the historical background of Malaysian Ringgit for a better understanding of the development and growth of the foreign exchange market in Malaysia. This study provides an overview of Kuala Lumpur foreign exchange market from microstructure perspectives.
  Md. Aminul Islam , Dayang Hasliza Muhd Yusuf and Abul Bashar Bhuiyan
  This study attempted to investigate the influence of demographic factors on E-filing user satisfaction in Malaysia. The data were collected from randomly selected respondents using survey method from all states of Malaysia. The findings indicate that age and occupation affect tax prayers E-filing user satisfaction in Malaysia. However, race, gender and education were not significant factors in gauging user satisfaction on E-filing in Malaysia. Findings reveal that all respondents have committed to file their income taxes via E-filing next year despite of average user satisfaction rate with the mean of 3.62 out of 5 scale. The findings should assist Malaysian Inland Revenue Board in formulating new strategies on improving E-filing user satisfaction to achieve their goal of having 80% of Malaysian tax payers to use E-filing in future.
  Kazi Masuma Khatun , Md. Aminul Islam , Idris Md. Noor and Syahira Sa`aban
  The aim of this conceptual study is to review underlying concept and theories of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) with an eye toward understanding its current trends. Thus, this study seeks to explore the CSR practices all over the world. The practices of CSR in different countries of the world have been reviewed to understand the current movement of CSR. Based on review of several previous researches, we found that CSR is a growing trend in corporate culture due to increasing expectations of the companies by the greater society. However, in the developing countries the trend is yet to be established. Moreover, companies of developed countries show more commitment to CSR than companies of developing countries and companies of developed countries are more devoted to having structured business ethics and governance programs in place. We hope that this study will serve as reference material to managers, researchers, students and other individuals and organizations interested in CSR.
  Mohammad Zahir Raihan , Rosni Bakar and Md. Aminul Islam
  The study mainly examines the impact of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) expenditures on financial performance of Islami Bank Bangladesh Ltd. (IBBL). The study then attempted to scrutinize the responsibility of the bank authority to various interest groups to assess the performance of CSR activities to analyze the performances in terms of ROE (Return on Equity) and DPE (Deposit per Employee) and to measure the impact of CSR expenditures on bank profitability and productivity. The study covers IBBL and a period of 5 years ranging from 2008-2012. Secondary data are collected from the annual reports of the bank. The study found that disaster management, education, health, sport, art and culture, environment and other activities have negative correlation with ROE but positive correlation with DPE. It is further found that these factors have influenced to the extent of 35.3% variations in ROE and 11.2% variation in DPE. The study concludes that the bank authority should invest more in CSR expenditures in order to improve the DPE of the bank.
  Essia Ries Ahmed , Md. Aminul Islam , Tariq Tawfeeq Yousif Alabdullah and Ku Halim Ku Ariffin
  The advantage of Sukuk is that they are compliant with shariah principles. Sukuk are therefore attractive investment instruments for Islamic financial institutions, shariah managed funds and takaful Islamic insurance companies that can not invest in conventional securities that involve payment of interest or riba. As well as there are an increasing number of Muslims of high net worth who want their asset holdings to comply with shariah rules. The main objective of this study is to elucidate and describe the significance of the pricing mechanisms and rating on Islamic Sukuk.
  Rula Hani Salman AlHalaseh , Md. Aminul Islam and Rosni Bakar
  This study introduces a survey of contributions to dynamic multi-objectives portfolio from finance and operation research to the portfolio selection. This survey includes popular risk-measures and extends to operation research models and mathematical models. In contrast to other survey, this study focuses on highlighting the strengths and weaknesses of different models to choose the most appropriate model achieves the optimality and easy in application by investors. To describe the latest results accompanying each model and the similarity between them. To illustrate the modeling idea and to show the effectiveness of the proposed approach. This paper discusses in brief the most popular mean-risk models then multi-period models from the point view of operation research and stochastic programming. Many researchers conducted portfolio optimization problem by offering new models. These researches success in providing mathematical and theoretical models that enriched the finance literature but few of it satisfies the market application. This study reviewed some of these models relating to single-period, multi-periods models, single-objective and multi-objectives and concluded that SGMIP is the most effective model since it able to deal with real world application considering multi-factors, multi-periods, different risk measures without affecting the computation time which facilitate the mission of decision makers. There is a plenty of models discussing optimizing portfolio for that the writer of this study selects the original models MV and MAV, risk measures models VaR and CVaR and the latest models related to operation research to achieve the study objectives.
 
 
 
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