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Articles by Mbaiguinam Mbailao
Total Records ( 2 ) for Mbaiguinam Mbailao
  Tarkodjiel Mianpeurem , Mbaiguinam Mbailao , Ngaram Nambatingar , Mahmout Yaya and Allaramadji Ngarmadji
  In Central Africa and particularly in Chad, salt prepared by burning parts of plants is consumed for therapeutic reasons. The aim of this study was the determination of elemental composition of these salts and the toxicity if any. Four salts were prepared from ash obtained by burning stems of maize (Zea mays), stems of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor), false trunks of pawpaw (Carica papaya) and whole parts of Hygrophila auriculata. The elemental analysis shows that all the four salts are potassium rich and sodium poor. Maize and sorghum salts present mainly potassium chloride (KCl) and potassium sulfate (K2SO4), whereas salts from pawpaw and Hygrophila are composed of three potassium forms: potassium chloride (KCl), potassium carbonate (K2CO3) and potassium sulfate (K2SO4). All the salts did not contain heavy metals. These salts can be used as dietetic salts and substitute of the industrial salt which contains mostly sodium chloride.
  Mbaiguinam Mbailao , Tarkodjiel Mianpereum and Ngakou Albert
  In Chad, like in many countries around the world, Moringa oleifera leaves are eaten by some people in the regions where this plant grows. No research has been done on chemical and the elemental composition of the leaves from this country. In this study, total proteins, aminoacids profile, carbohydrates, total lipids, crude fibbers, chlorophyll A and B, vitamin C and minerals were measured. The results reveal that leaves of Moringa oleifera are a rich source of proteins (31.5%) but contain less carbohydrates (13.5%) and lipids (2.5%). The amino acid profile shows a well balance composition. The highest amino acid percent is that of Glycin (9%), the lowest is that of sulfur amino acids, Methionine and Cystein (average 0.4%). The leaves of Moringa contain more ascorbic acid (average 250 mg 100 g-1 fresh matter) than orange and lemon. Compared to the daily requirement of elementals, Moringa leaves are a good dietary source for 2 macro elements, calcium and magnesium and for 2 micro elements, manganese and copper. Moringa leaves, thus, constitute a good source of protein, vitamin C and some elements of the human diet.
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