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Articles by Masoud Cina
Total Records ( 2 ) for Masoud Cina
  Mohammad Ghasem Hanafi , Masoud Cina , Mehrnoush Zakerkish , Fakher Rahim , Amal Saki-Malehi and Qasem Nissi
  Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) is a very prevalent condition determined by the infiltration of fat of liver cells. This study was conducted to evaluate the correlation between NAFLD and Carotid Intima-Media Thickness (CIMT) in patient with type II diabetes. This case-control study included three groups, including those with type II diabetes without NAFLD (n = 85), those with type II diabetes and NAFLD (n = 85) and non-diabetic individuals with only NAFLD (n = 85). The CIMT and the grading of the NAFLD were determined using an ultrasound B-mode. There was no significant difference between the case and control groups in term of overall mean of age (57±10 years vs. 56.9±8 years, respectively). Considering the two factors (diabetes and NAFLD) effect, with adjustment for age and gender as a confounding effect of diabetes (p = 0.01) and NAFLD (p = 0.022) on CIMT was significant. The mean right CIMT, left CIMT and overall CIMT in three different study groups of diabetic patients, according to various NAFLD grading showed no significant difference. Our findings showed a considerable association between NAFLD and increased CIMT, in which this association is not affected by the severity of fatty liver. So, immediate ultrasound screening and treatment for the patients with NAFLD are recommended to prevent CVD complications such as atherosclerosis considering early stages of fatty liver disease.
  Hamid Dehdashti Shahrokh , Davood Kashipazha , Fakher Rahim , Masoud Cina , Mina Eslami-Moayed , Seyed Ali Alboshokeh , Marieh Eslami-Moayed and Arash Forouzan
  Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) is a common problem that is caused by pressure on a nerve in the wrist and is associated with various factors. We compared Cross-Sectional Area (CSA) of the inlet and outlet in CTS patients and healthy controls and define the best cut off point of CSA and assess the utility of US in the diagnosis of CTS patients as well. This cross-sectional, age-group-matched case-control study was performed on 39 patients aged 42-65 years with electro-physiologically confirmed idiopathic CTS and 35 healthy controls from Golestan Hospital, Ahvaz, Iran from Jan 2013 to Feb 2014. Neurological and electro-diagnostic tests for patients were performed by an expert neurologist as the gold standard diagnostic test for CTS cases. Hundred wrists were evaluated. Electromyography (EMG) showed that 16 (32%) cases were mild, 17 (34%) were moderate and 17 (34%) were severe. The results showed that the CSA of carpal tunnel inlet, carpal tunnel outlet and AP diameter were significantly different between the two groups (p<0.001, p = 0.009, respectively). The sensitivity and specificity of carpal tunnel inlet were 92 and 96%, for carpal tunnel outlet were 92 and 92%, for AP diameter were 64 and 58%. longitudinal evaluations are necessary to better know the utility of ultrasound for diagnosing CTS. The accuracy of diagnosis increases in parallel with the increase in the stages and severity of CTS. Therefore, patients with severe CTS would not need the more uncomfortable, costly and invasive techniques.
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