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Articles by Margaret Chan Kit Yok
Total Records ( 3 ) for Margaret Chan Kit Yok
  Margaret Chan Kit Yok , Tahashshunan Mujaddid Bin Ariffin and Nurmaliena Binti Rosli
  There are several types of fertilizers that are commonly used in the agriculture sector either organic or chemical fertilizer. The application of organic fertilizer is a common practice used in the agriculture sector. Today, the application of inorganic fertilizer is widely used in large scale sector. The continuous application of this type of fertilizer contributes greatly to soil degradation. Hence, a study was conducted to determine the effect of amended soil with oil palm empty fruit bunch (EFB) compost and fish meal on the growth of Choy Sam (Brassica chinensis var parachinensis). This experiment was conducted at the shaded and closed area to prevent and minimize the factors that can affect the results. The experiment also was conducted by using Completely Randomized Block Design (CRBD) with three treatments replicated for three times. The treatments were treatment 1: combination NPK fertilizer and EFB compost, treatment 2: fish meal and EFB compost and Treatment 3: 100% EFB compost. The soil pH and soil moisture was determined before and after treatments. The growth performance was determined by the plant height, leaf area and biomass. The three treatments had not changed the pH condition after a crop of Choi. However, the combination of NPK fertilizers and EFB compost showed the best growth performance.
  Solehudin Bin Jeffry , Margaret Chan Kit Yok and Siraf Munir bin Mohammad
  The oil palm requires considerable high rate of fertilizers application to produce good yield. High rainfall intensity in coastal marginal soil increases nutrient loss due to the poor water retention and high porosity properties. This results in leaching of excess chemical fertilizer to underground water bodies causing high nutrient enrichment in waterway. Empty Fruit Bunches (EFB) is one of the waste products from palm oil extraction process and can be converted into EFB compost for improving soil physical properties by increasing the organic matter. This research was conducted to study the improvement of soil physical properties of coastal marginal soil amended with EFB compost for the growth of young oil palm. Three types of treatments were applying 100% NPK and combination of 50% EFB compost+50% NPK onto oil palm trees with age of 2 years old planted in coastal marginal soil replicated four times three times over the year at 3 months interval. A Complete Randomized Block Design (CRBD) was used as the experimental design. The parameters were soil bulk density, soil texture and soil moisture. The growth was determined by height and bole diameter of the palm. The result of soil moisture content did not provide evidential improvement in soil’s water holding capacity and moisture availability of the soil differences. Similarly, the change in soil bulk density values also were not indicative of any noteworthy observation. Overall, EFB compost aided adding organic matter to the soil, however, this did not cause substantial effects towards soil texture. Changes in palm height and bole diameter also did not give significant result in both treatments. Statistically, the result showed insignificant differences in all the parameters studied from the three treatments applied. It can be concluded that there is no drastic improvement in soil physical properties of coastal marginal soil observed in soil amendment using EFB compost over a period of 1 year study.
  Margaret Chan Kit Yok , Ling Siew Eng and Siti Sahmsiah Sahmat
  When it comes to seeking happiness leading to a sense of wellbeing, good quality environment has been recognized as an important contributor. The community is expected to be more satisfied with their life and happier if they feel safe and secure in well kept, tidy and pleasant environment. Growing a green campus is a new frontier in many institutions in developing ecologically sustainable lifestyles, since, the Stockholm Declaration addressing the sustainability in higher education. In Goal 11 of the Sustainable Development Goals of United Nation emphasizing on making cities and human settlement inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable, an environmental campus management is very important in sustaining the happiness and wellbeing of the community. A green campus management checklist on ecology-keeping factors on greening initiatives was conducted in three campuses of Universiti Teknologi MARA, Sarawak Branch to weigh the institution actions on the sustainability practices using SurveyMonkey to capture the response of the staff and students. The survey also included two questions that addressed the notion of subjective happiness and well-being. The first one asked respondents whether taking all things together, they were very happy, quite happy, not very happy or not at all happy. The second one asked participants, all things considered, how satisfied they were given a scale of 1-10 from which to choose their level of life satisfaction. This study reveals there were high level of involvement sustainability practices and its relation to happiness and wellbeing.
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