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Articles by Marappan Gopi
Total Records ( 3 ) for Marappan Gopi
  Govinthasamy Prabakar , Marappan Gopi , Kumarakurubaran Karthik , Subramaniyan Shanmuganathan , Arumugam Kirubakaran and Selvaraj Pavulraj
  The ever increasing consumer’s awareness and their concern over the presence of antibiotic residues in poultry products necessitate looking for an alternative to antibiotic growth promoters. Among the numerous alternatives like probiotics, prebiotics, acidifiers, the plant origin compound attracts more interest than else. The phytochemicals consists of various natural products that may be nutritional, non-nutritional or anti-nutritional in nature. These phyto-chemicals also act as an antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal, antioxidant, digestive stimulant, immune-modulator, hypo-lipidemic agent and also heat stress alleviator. A compound of multi-functional can be considered as additive in animal production system. Their anti-oxidant activity and hypo-lipidemic property of these plant derived compounds will be attributed for the improvement of shelf-life of various animal or poultry products. Their hypolipidemic properties are used in production of lean meat production. These phytobiotics also impart readily acceptable flavour to the products especially meat and eggs. They aid in digestive process by stimulating the digestive secretions throughout the gastro-intestinal tract thereby increasing the overall digestibility of the nutrients and reduce the environmental pollution. Moreover, these botanical products are becoming more prominent in insect and pest control strategies due to their availability and cost. With their wide range of activities, these phytobiotics will go to be a new group of feed additives for better growth rather than simply as another alternate to in-feed antibiotics in food production industry.
  Kuldeep Dhama , Ruchi Tiwari , Rifat Ullah Khan , Sandip Chakraborty , Marappan Gopi , Kumaragurubaran Karthik , Mani Saminathan , Perumal Arumugam Desingu and Lakshmi Tulasi Sunkara
  A substantial growth in poultry industry has been observed mainly due to exploitation of various modern growth promoting strategies and appropriate disease preventive and control measures. The present review describes the various essential growth promoters and novel feed supplements, their salient features, classical examples, bioactive principles, pharmacological and modes of action and useful applications for improving poultry production and health. It highlights antibiotics, probiotics, prebiotics, synbiotics, organic acids, vitamins and minerals, oils, enzymes, amino acids, betaine, carnitine, L-arginine, ractopamine, nucleotides, electrolytes, herbs, panchgavya elements. Apart from boosting poultry production and safeguarding general health of birds some of these have been found to possess beneficial immunomodulatory and stress relieving properties and also have added advantages to help produce lean meat and designer poultry products taking into account health awareness and preferences of the consumers. It is a comprehensive and an updated review compilation focusing the salient aspects of various important growth promoters and feed additives having potential applications to promote poultry production and health. Due care has been taken to cover the ongoing trends and recent advances with a perspective vision and their holistic usages and beneficial applications in poultry production system. The contents of the review will be highly useful for researchers, scientists, pharmacists, veterinary professionals, pharmaceutical industries, poultry producers/owners and poultry industry as well as for perspective applications in livestock industry. It would enrich the knowledge of researchers and help the scientific community to conduct more research on such daily essential requirements for boosting poultry production in a better way. It will also shed light regarding the management and production aspects of poultry especially broilers which will enlighten farmers and poultry producers for better economic growth.
  Marappan Gopi , Beulah Pearlin , Ramasamy Dhinesh Kumar , Muthuvel Shanmathy and Govindasamy Prabakar
  Nanotechnology is the promising and emerging technology that has tremendous potential to revolutionize agriculture and livestock sectors globally. The concept of nanotechnology was introduced to alter the particle size to few nano meters. The synthesis of nano particles with reducing agents leads to change in physical and chemical characteristics of the molecules/element under study. These nanoparticles have the ability to transport various components under various environmental conditions. Nanoparticles are now-a-days widely used in various sectors, nutrition, therapy, targeted drug delivery, preparations of vaccines and various purifications processes in textile industries, etc. Earlier, the synthesis of these nanoparticles was by chemical method, which leads to excretion of chemicals into the environment. Recently, the preparation of nanoparticles from plant sources-referred as green synthesis is gaining importance. As this process involves plant extracts which consists of sugars, polyphenols, terpenoids, proteins, etc. These phytochemicals acts as a reducing agent to maintain the minerals in reduced state during the synthesis process, their excretory products are highly biodegradable and hence no adverse effect to the environment. In animal nutrition, the nanotechnology is mainly used in preparation of nano-minerals especially trace minerals, whose bioavailability is low. In addition, minerals as nanoparticles reduce intestinal mineral antagonism, thereby reducing excretion and environmental pollution. Studies have suggested that feeding of nanoparticles improved the digestive efficiency, immunity and performance in livestock and poultry. The present review covers various aspects of nanotechnology including production of nanoparticles, their role in animal nutrition and their future prospective.
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