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Articles by Mansoor Maitah
Total Records ( 15 ) for Mansoor Maitah
  Mansoor Maitah , Rami Hodrab and Abdulrahman Melad
  This study, aims to survey quality management practices in Palestinian Information and Communication Technology (ICT) sector. The research purpose is to provide reliable and valid constructs for measuring quality management practices depending on intensive research of literature review. The study tests the effect of quality practices implementation on firm’s performance, such as quality, business and organizational performance by using web-based questionnaires. The data was obtained through a survey from 180 related quality mangers from 60 Palestinian ICT firms. Confirmatory factor analysis and internal consistency tests were used to verify scales validity and reliability. The 2 independent samples t-test and regression analysis were utilized to investigate the statistical effects of quality practices implementation. This study supports the hypothesis that quality management practices positively affect firm’s performance. The study finds that the successful adoption and implementation of TQM practices results in firm’s performance improvement. The main proposition of the results intended for managers is that adopting TQM practices, ICT firms are more likely to accomplish better performance in customer satisfaction, employee relations and quality, business and organizational performance than without adopting TQM practices. The adoption of TQM practices within Palestinian ICT companies is poor ranging from limited to moderate level, therefore it is necessary for these firms to adopt best practices of TQM to improve organization performance for the best of these organizations.
  Elena Kuzmenko , Mansoor Maitah and KarelMalec Hosaen Hndi
  The present study is devoted to the analysis of the Russian institutional system’s quality and its connection with resource abundance of the country. The key question is whether natural resources are blessing or cursing for economic growth and institutional development in Russia. On the basis of the most authoritative indexes of institutional development we analyzed the dynamics of the Russian institutions evolution, made a series of comparisons between Russia and a number of resource abundant countries regarding to their institutional quality and associated with it economic success. The aim was to identify the position of Russia among resource abundant countries with respect to the quality of institutions and its influence on economic growth in the light of the puzzling phenomenon of Natural Resource Curse (NRC). The comparison was done among the following countries: Venezuela, Russia, Mexico, Australia, Canada and Norway. The analysis, being based on the results of econometric models of several we employs in turn index-verification of NRC institutional interpretation. The results show that Russian institutions are still far from production friendly ones what does’nt contribute to effective use of its natural resources and eventually to a robust economic progress; Russia remains under embezzlement mode.
  Sheku Mansaray , Mansoor Maitah , Tomas Hes and Karel Malec
  Microfinance institutions are primarily set up to avoid financial marginalization between poor people and formal banking institutions. Thus, it is suppose to be a social tool that is employed to mitigate poverty by providing access to financial services without unaffordable collateral securities but over the years this very purpose has been apparently called into question by the exploitative tendencies of its practitioners, especially in Sierra Leone. This study is set about to expose the inadequacies of microfinance activities in Sierra Leone and to warrant a rethink of the operations of the institutions, inorder to serve its core purpose. A sample group of 400 clients from Bari chiefdom in the Southern Province, Pujehun District are supported by a microfinance institution while the other sample group of 400 non-clients from Niawa chiefdom in the Eastern Province, Kenema District, a non microfinance-supported zone are compared using four key indicators of poverty assessment. The comparison, however did not show any significant difference in the welfare of the sample groups thus, emphasising the notion that microfinance apparently cannot mitigate poverty singularly and without the contributions of other poverty reduction mechanisms.
  Lubos Smutka , Mansoor Maitah and Natalia Ishchukova
  The main aim of this study is to identify the impact of agricultural sector’s transformation process on rural population in Russia and to specify the key factors affecting the process of rural population development and rural population transfer into urban areas. In this case, the study is identifying the main differences existing between Russian rural sector development and other countries and regions development. The mentioned ambitions/aims are realized through hypothesis testing. The results coming from the analyses are as follow. The basic trends influencing Russian rural population trend development is very similar to trend existing in developed countries. However, Russia is considered to be transitional economy. There was not discovered any correlation existing between the absolute value of agricultural production performance and rural populations. The decline of the rural population is the result of agricultural sector’s transformation and the significant impact on rural population development has also the decline of agricultural sector’s importance within the national economy. There was confirmed a direct relationship and high correlation between employment in agriculture and rural population, despite the fact that the decline in employment in agriculture occurred much faster than the decrease in the rural population. Among the reasons which can explain differences in the development of Russian rural population from the global trends are administrative reorganizations, development of household plots instead of big collective farms, differences in the development of particular regions and migration between regions, natural decline in the urban population, migration from the former Soviet republics and blurred boundaries between rural and urban populations.
  Daniel Toth , Mansoor Maitah , Hosaen Hndi and Karle Malec
  Employment policy in the Czech Republic and France is controlled by several institutions in the practical application of tools complement each other. The formation of national policies and management institutions in both countries are in charge of the relevant ministries. However, differences can be seen in the organization and institutions. France has a long history of application of employment policy instruments and related hierarchical structure of labor offices which is in the Czech Republic, since 2011. In the Czech Republic, there is an established rule that office work is devoted to job placement and payment of unemployment benefits, which was introduced to France in 2008. In the Czech Republic, there are a total of 409 labor offices, including contact and field offices. Due to the population of the Czech Republic, this falls into 25,753 people in working offices. In France, the employment offices total to 956 local sphere which represents the equivalent of 68,020 people in one office. Long-term trends and employment policy in most developed countries xalike and their main objective is to fight against unemployment. Both states are required to regard the European employment strategy and other measures taken by the European Union when creating these programs. Both countries offer their subscribers a variety of contributions to the integration of the unemployed into work. The area of active employment policy in France is slightly wider, focusing primarily on various financial contributions or tax relief. Even passive employment policy instruments do not differ. Minor differences can be seen in the fact that France, despite the changes facing their aid still to specific groups of job seekers (young, elderly, underprivileged, etc.). And has thus instruments aimed directly at individual groups while instruments in the Czech Republic are mostlyintended for unemployed regardless of which group they belong to.
  Irina Sergeeva , Mansoor Maitah , Lubos Smutka , Vera Nikiforova and V. Vasilyonok
  Investment funds serve as a most effective tool to attract investments and to support stable growth of national economies. The transition of Russian market from the speculative to the investment stage can be accomplished through accelerated development of the mutual investment sector. This study provides a brief review of trends in the development of Mutual Investment Funds (MIF) in Russia during the last 5 years and substantiates the sustainable usage of the point rating system for the performance appraisal of a management company focused on structural transitions in the field of financial intermediation. The main aim of the study is to appraise the performance of investment funds and their managerial system by means of point rating methods. The global financial crisis affected Russia’s collective investment system, revealing such problems as low quality risk management and lack of information transparency. Simulation study of the overall index based on point rating approach to determine the trends in the development of the system of MIF management in Russia is topical for its performance appraisal. This economic tool appears to be helpful in disclosing and assessing structural changes in the field of trust management in terms of types, styles and other spheres of mediation.
  Erika Urbankova and Mansoor Maitah
  The current economic situation in the European Union changes the type of unemployment in recent years. Structural unemployment is aggravated by cyclical unemployment. The human capital theory assumes that investments in education increase worker productivity which leads to the growth of salary and to the reduction of unemployment risk. The study addresses the recessional economic developments in the Czech Republic and unemployment rate of the economically active population associated therewith. The objective is to chart the development of the basic indicator of the functioning of the economy and to identify the types of unemployment by educational groups (ISCED) in the Czech Republic by the Hodrick-Prescott filter. The statistical data are modeled in a graph through the software EViews.
  Tomas Macak , Mansoor Maitah and Richard Selby
  There is significant attention on traceability systems in the context of monitoring in the food industry. Although, this has focused increasingly on food safety, agro-food and non-food sectors have also instituted traceability requirements for product identification, differentiation and historical monitoring. This study utilizes the powerful technique of Design of Experiments (DOE) to study the effect of several process parameters on the response or quality characteristics of a process or product. The application of DOE avoids specialist knowledge of statistical analysis by replacing it with a graphical methodology, applied here in the production process of barcodes for food and agricultural products.
  Lubos Smutka , Mansoor Maitah , Osama Eldeeb and Vasilyonok Viktor
  Developments in the sphere of agriculture and rural areas are very closely linked. Countryside and its character are to a large extent influenced by the volume and especially by the structure of its settlement. An important role in shaping the character of the countryside and its settlement structure is undoubtedly, played by agriculture. Agriculture has always been a key factor affecting the settlement, economic, cultural and social fabric of rural areas. As the global, regional and local economies are transforming these days, there is a decline in the importance of agriculture as a key economic area. The decline in the share of agriculture in economy, accompanied by the reduction in the number of jobs in agriculture, subsequently leads to a significant reduction in the proportion of the population living in rural areas. Additionally, this decrease is accelerated by the growth of the attractiveness of urban and suburban areas due to the growing share of secondary and especially tertiary components of the global economy. An important role in this respect is played by the lifestyle changes and also the changing infrastructure and capacity of urban areas. This study analyzes the development of the rural population share of the total world population using selected regions and countries. The research analyzes the development of the rural population (or its share) in the context of the past several decades. The main emphasis is placed on identifying the differences existing between the various regions of the world and then on the influence of the GDP value development (including and after deduction of agricultural GDP), GDP/cap (including after deduction of the agricultural GDP/cap), GDP generated by agriculture, GDP/person working in agriculture, on the number and especially the share of the population living in rural areas. The analysis of the development of the rural population share of the total world population and in selected regions implies the following. The volume and particularly the structure of the world population over the past three decades have changed extremely (there was a significant decrease in the proportion of rural population in the total population and the growth rate dynamics of the rural population has significantly decreased). In particular, restructuring of the global economy which has led to a significant decline in importance of rural areas in terms of rural economic growth has proved to be the main determinant of this development. In this regard, there has been a significant reduction in agriculture which had for a long time constituted a major source of income and employment in rural areas. The results of individual analyses also show that the differences that exist between countries and regions in respect of the development of the rural population share of the total population are based on different economies and economic prosperity of individual countries or regions.
  Mansoor Maitah , Arshad Hayat , Karel Malec and Osama Eldeeb
  This study investigates long term relationship between FDI, GDP and host country employment by using sector-wise panel data from 1993-2011 for the Czech Republic. IPS test is applied for panel data unit root testing and Johansen Fisher Panel Co-integration test is used to test for the presence of co-integration relationship between the variables. A Vector Error Correction Model (VECM) is estimated to find out the short run and long run causality between the variables. In the end, impulse response functions are estimated. The study found both short term and long term causality going from FDI inflow to employment. Impulse responses show that both GDP and employment respond positively to an exogenous shock in FDI inflow. However, the employment response to FDI inflow shock is smaller than that of GDP response.
  Daniel Toth , Mansoor Maitah and Michaela Stefkova
  In general, the unemployment rate is currently one of the biggest social and economic problems in the European Union. Comparison is difficult because there are examples of countries with extreme values (Greece and Spain). The problem of low rate employed but remains in other states. At the lowest level values for the last 20 years gets even France, one of the largest countries in the European Union. The aim of the research is based on time series analysis and forecasting of results of the development of employment and other selected indicators in France between the years 2000-2013. Using this information suggestions can be made for qualitative tools of developing employment in the Czech Republic. Another aim is to propose possible procedural changes in the implementation of tools for developing employment and management of social development.
  Karel Malec , Mansoor Maitah and Elena Kuzmenko
  The future trading represents interesting possibility how to trade commodities. Each commodity and related futures contract has its own characters which can be advantages or disadvantages for successful trading. The spread trading can be used as appropriate tool for traders with budget constraint how to avoid the volatility. The study is focused on spread trading which are compound from two consecutive contract months of futures for wheat. The aim of this study is to analyze the spread consisting of May and March contract and suggest a strategy focused on small conservative trader and also offer some insight to spread trading and introduce it as the way of trading which can be useful for smaller traders with low budgets. For this purpose, there were analyzed all possible spreads for the stated commodity traded at Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT). The developed strategy is based on the contango phenomenon and uses tools of technical analysis moving averages to determine when to open the position. Positions are finish near to first notice day (at CBOT) for contract which expire sooner or with using stop-loss. The suggested strategy brought positive results. There are only two losses during the observed period.
  Marina Arnoldovna Makarchenko , Mansoor Maitah and Lubos Smutka
  The study is devoted to the interaction between organizational culture factors, macroeconomic and microeconomic nature. According to the researchers, microeconomic factors have a decisive influence on the culture of organization. Researchers carried out a comparative analysis of the culture of Russian and Argentine companies, through the use of different methods by which they identify the impact of national mentality and other characteristics on organizational culture and the culture of communications. The research study implies the need to introduce the term “regional culture” in relation to modern Russia. This study confirms the assertion that the type of activity and the nature of the competitive environment of the enterprise are the most significant factors in determining the type of the organizational culture of the firm.
  Natalia Ishchukova , Mansoor Maitah , Lubos Smutka , Karel Malec and Osama Eldeeb
  This research studies specialization of Russia’s foreign trade in agricultural products and foodstuffs in terms of inter-and intra-industry trade. The objective of this study is to consider the extent of intra-industry trade in Russia’s foreign trade in agricultural products and to identify significant changes in trade patterns at the industry level over the transition period. Thereby in this study, researchers provide a systematic decomposition of Russia’s foreign trade into 3 trade types: Inter-and intra-industry in horizontally and vertically differentiated products, over the period 1996-2012. The analysis is performed in relation to individual regions. The analysis is performed using the methodology proposed by Fontagne and Freudenberg and the method of Greenaway. Results show that the extent of Russia's intra-industry trade varies significantly depending on the geographical region. The lowest level of intra-industry trade is observed in relation to Africa and South America, the highest in relation to CIS countries. Intra-industry trade growth simultaneously with the process of trade liberalization occurred only in relation to the CIS countries. Therefore, the empirical results support recent trade theory which predicts, an increasing level of intra-industry trade with liberalization processes between neighboring countries with a similar level of economic development.
  Radek Kopriva , Sylvie Kotaskova and Mansoor Maitah
  This study is devoted to the field of representation of social and political interests of the residents of selected municipalities. Political representatives who have a key influence on decision-making within the sub-national political levels are generally, considered those that are the most important from the viewpoint of endogenous factors in terms of local or regional development. In this context, the issue for the appointment of local political bodies appears important. A major factor in the staffing of political councils is the form of the electoral system; the normative anchoring of the municipal electoral system in the Czech Republic which is the basis of this conference contribution is usually perceived as problematic in terms of its real consequences. Using the case of the municipalities of the administrative district of the City Trhove Sviny, the purpose is to assess to what extent the representation appointed on the basis of applied preferential votes is the result of voter interest and how the voting behaviour of citizens of municipalities is distorted by the electoral system.
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