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Articles by Mad Nasir Shamsudin
Total Records ( 8 ) for Mad Nasir Shamsudin
  Rozailin Abdul Rahman , Zainalabidin Mohamed , Golnaz Rezai , Mad Nasir Shamsudin and Juwaidah Sharifuddin
  Halal refers to the Islamic processing methods which places a great value on respect for the individuals and also the society. Currently, there are about 1.5 billion Muslims around the world and people from diverse races and religions are looking for cleaner and purer foods. There is no one set of standards as reference or any in the development phase for Halal certification in the Muslim world. Each country has its own Halal standards and regulations for Halal certification of manufactured food products. This phenomenon has attracted some of the food manufacturers to seek standardization of Halal certification. Malaysian Halal certification is now among the most widely recognized and respected symbols of Halal compliance in the world. Malaysia as a member of the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) has aspirations of having their Halal logo adopted as the internationally recognized and accepted Halal certification especially among the member states. This study aims to understand the determinants that influence the OIC food manufacturers’ intention to adopt Malaysian Halal logo as the globally accepted Halal certificate through the application of an extended Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB). Three hundred (300) OIC food manufacturers were interviewed. Structural Equation Model was used to assess the direct relationship between attitude, perceived behavioural control and subjective norms towards the food manufacturers’ intention to adopt Malaysia Halal logo as the International Halal Certification. The study found that perceived behavioural control is an important influential factor in creating the intention to adopt Malaysian Halal certification. Moreover, attitude is an important mediator for the OIC food manufacturers to have the intention to adopt Malaysian Halal certification.
  Rika Terano , Zainalabidin Mohamed , Mad Nasir Shamsudin and Ismail Abd Latif
  A well-known fact is that indiscriminate use of chemical inputs in the production process can have negative effects on the environment, as well as increasing chronic and acute health problems for farmers who mishandle or not follow proper procedures in applying the chemicals. Sustainable agriculture is thus becoming an important concept in alerting the management about controversial agricultural practices. The objective of this study is to investigate the paddy farmer’s intention to practices sustainable agriculture and to determine the significant factors that could be used as predictors in having intention to practice sustainable agriculture. Thus, in order to disseminate sustainable agriculture, it is absolutely necessary to comprehend the farmer’s intention to apply sustainable farming practices based on Good Agricultural Practices (GAP). A total of 61 paddy farmer household heads were interviewed for this study during the main season of 2013. The coefficient of determination (R2) of multiple regression analysis of 0.76 indicate that proportion of the total variation in paddy farmers intention to practice sustainable agriculture is explained by the following variables; farmers’ attitude and perceived behavioral control towards sustainable agriculture, age, number of protection equipment’s used, storage method of chemical input, awareness and knowledge of MyGAP/IPM are significant as influential determinants of farmers’ intention to adopt sustainable agriculture at 5% level of significant.
  Lira Mailena , Mad Nasir Shamsudin , Alias Radam and Ismail Latief
  Malaysian rice farming is still constrained by the low productivity despite many supports and subsidies that have been enacted to this sector. The difficulties in improving the yield is potentially caused by the unintensive use of inputs due to the inefficient management on the rice farm. Thus this study aims to measure the rice farm efficiency and factors affecting that efficiency. Two stage analysis was adopted whereas in the first stage data envelopment analysis was used and corrected by the bootstrap method. Then in the second stage a Tobit model was employed to estimate factors affecting the efficiency. On average, the technical efficiency score estimated by DEA was about 0.6375 and implied with a given amount of inputs, the rice farms could increase its output by 57.31%. However, after correcting for the bias, the technical efficiency score was about 0.5366 and indicated that rice farms in MADA could increase its output at 86.35%. Further, by considering the lower and the higher bounds of efficiency scores, on the average, the rice farms could increase its output in the range from 20.13-99.12 with 95% confidence interval. Three factors that significantly affect the rice farm efficiency were the household size, land ownership and secondary level of education of sampled farmers. The positive significant effect of household size implied that farms with more household member was appeared to be more efficiently manage their production. Then, the negative effect of land ownership to the efficiency implied farmers who had the own land were tend to be more inefficient than those who rent the land. It was related to their motivation on the production whereas tenant farmers were more motivated to improve their production and get higher income so that they strived to manage the production in a professional manner and receptive to new technology as well. Further, farmers with secondary education level more efficiently managed the rice farm than others because of their passion for managing their production.
  Masoumeh Hosseinpour , Zainalabidin Mohamed , Golnaz Rezai , Mad Nasir Shamsudin and Ismail AbdLatif
  Go green campaigns are widely used to expose the environmental issues to the public and at the same time to inculcate the awareness of green behaviour on the environment. Malaysia as a developing country is stepping into the way of going green and both the Government and Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) have been asked to conduct go green campaigns to inform and educate the public towards the green behaviour. This study aims to determine the extent to which the selected social-economic characteristics and attitudinal factors influence respondents to have the intention to change their behaviour for a green way. Based on the results there is a positive reaction towards go green campaigns among the respondents. For the binary logistic regression the higher income and the higher education level respondents have a stronger intention to change their behaviour as the result of go green campaign.
  Negin Vaghefi , Mad Nasir Shamsudin , Alias Radam and Khalid Abdul Rahim
  Agricultural sector is one of the sensitive areas that would be affected by the changes in key climatic elements. This study assesses the possible impact of climate change on the Malaysian rice production. The study employed DSSAT Crop Simulation Model to predict the rice yields in the eight granary areas of Peninsular Malaysia until 2030, based on projected weather data and current management practices. Increase in temperature and variations in rainfall pattern over the growing period were found to affect the rice yield. The results indicated that rice yield, during 2013 to 2030, compared to the base values are expected to decrease by12.2, 13.6, 8.7, 8.4, 15.2, 16.8, 11.4 and 18.6% for the main season and 45.5, 19.4, 33.9, 36.3, 34.5, 47.8, 21.8 and 7.5% for the off season for MADA, KADA, Kerian, BLS, Pulau Pinang, Seberang Perak, Ketara and Kemasin, respectively. These results showed that rice yield would be more negatively affected by the climate change during off season rather than main season.
  Zahid Zainal , Mad Nasir Shamsudin , Zainal Abidin Mohamed , Shehu Usman Adam and Sara Kaffashi
  Climate change issues have since the fairly recent past, attracted enormous debate around the globe. Malaysia like other developing countries faces critical issues on global warming which had changed the local climate; threatening agricultural activities. This climatic anomaly is manifested in temperature and rainfall variability. It is envisaged to challenge the sustainability of food production in the future. The purpose of this study is to investigate the economic impact of these indicators of climate change on paddy production in Malaysia. This is in respect of its adverse effect on farmer’s productivity. Using annual data spanning from 1980-2010, a time-series regression based on a modified Ricardian model was employed to assess the impact. In addition, the Providing Regional Climates for Impacts Studies (PRECIS), Regional Climate Modeling (RCM) system was applied to estimate the potential impact of long-term changes in climate on paddy net revenue. Result shows that temperature as well as rainfall variability had a negative impact on paddy production. The total marginal increase in temperature and rainfall was found to account for an estimated loss in paddy production to the tune of RM312.20. Besides, projections based on regional climate modeling system (PRECIS) shows that the loss in paddy production due to climate change will reach RM 7608.90 (168.88%) by the year 2099. Hence, this study recommends the need for adaptation and mitigation strategies to minimize these losses.
  Zahid Zainal , Mad Nasir Shamsudin , Zainal Abidin Mohamed and Shehu Usman Adam
  Climate change had become an important global environmental issue. Studies on different crops had evidenced that adverse impacts accrues to crop plants from climate variability. This could take the form of increase in temperature, flood or pest control challenges. This study has estimated the potential impact of climate change on palm oil production in Malaysia. The Ricardian model was applied to estimate the marginal impact of temperature and rainfall variations. The results show that climate change has significant nonlinear impact on net revenue. The total marginal increase in temperature and rainfall resulted in a declined of RM 40.55, RM 48.69 and RM 37.61 ha-1 for Peninsular, Sabah and Sarawak, respectively. Meanwhile, by projection using regional climate modeling system, PRECIS, the palm oil is predicted to lose an average (RM ha-1) amount of RM 344.12, RM 294.20 and RM 105.62 for Peninsula, Sabah and Sarawak, respectively in year 2099 Based on these results, the development of plant varieties tolerant to high temperatures and water low use is suggested to ease this impact.
  Lira Mailena , Mad Nasir Shamsudin , Alias Radam and Zainalabidin Mohamed
  In the context to achieve the self sufficiency in rice production at 75% of local consumption, Malaysian authority consistently encourages the increase of rice production by the improvement of the yield through the utilization of the optimal input used, new technology and farm management. However, these efforts is hampered by the low productivity which is caused mainly by the inefficient used of input and subsequently affects the production inefficiency as well. Hence, in order to address those problems, this study aims to measure the production and subtitution elasticity, the existing level of rice farm efficiency and determinants of the efficiency using the stochastic frontier analysis. Out of five inputs, land, seed and chemical significantly influence the rice farms in MADA, Malaysia. Further, since the rice farms operated at the increasing return to scale, there was a possibility to increase the production by improving the input use. On average, the sampled farms in this study had the tecnical efficiency at 0.854 and implied those rice farms still could increase its output about 14.6% at a given inputs. The farmer’s access to credit and their education level were the important determinant upon the rice farms technical efficiency.
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