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Articles by M.Z. Abdin
Total Records ( 3 ) for M.Z. Abdin
  Malik M. Ahmad , Athar Ali , Pravej Alam , Saleem Javed , M.Z. Abdin and Mohammad Saghir Khan
  Heavy metal pollution of soil is a significant environmental problem and has its negative impact on human health and agriculture. Rhizobial isolates present in rhizospheric region can play a key role in remediation of polluted sites, in which, microbial populations are known to affect heavy metal mobility and availability to the plant through release of indole acetic acid, siderophores, ammonia, phosphate solubilizing agents and other Plant Growth Promoting (PGP) substances and therefore, have potential to enhance bioremediation processes. Bioremediation strategies with suitable heavy metal-adapted rhizobacteria have received a lot of attention. This study tells the effect of heavy metals (Cd2+, Cu2+ and Cr6+) on the growth of different rhizobial cultures, their PGP producing ability and significance of bioaccumulation of toxic heavy metals on rhizobium.
  Afaq Ahmad Malik , Sanghmitra Suryapani , Javed Ahmad , Shahid Umar , M.Z. Abdin and S.R. Mir
  Artemisinin and its derivatives are potent anti-malarials and have become essential components of Artemisinin Based Combination Therapies (ACTs) for malarial treatment. Over 1 million deaths and 300-500 million cases of malaria are reported annually. Production of artemisinin is less as regards its world demand and access to ACTs is still limited in worst hit countries. Economics of artemisinin yield from A. annua crops determines the cost and availability of ACTs worldwide. Artemisinin yield from Artemisia annua depends on a number of factors including improved agricultural practices. An experiment was conducted in this regard to assess the impact of organic residues from urban areas and industries on A. annua L. Enhancement in artemisinin content, artemisinin yield, herb dry yield and plant characteristics were observed by the application of industrial wastes. Highest artemisinin content in leaf (0.53%) was found at flower initiation stage and highest artemisinin yield (29.97 kg ha-1) was obtained from sewage sludge biosolid treatment. The study reveals that organic waste amendments enhance herbage yield and artemisinin content so these, can be utilized for the commercial production of A. annua with additional benefits of mitigation of environmental pollution caused by the accretion of these large quantities.
  A.A. Malik , J. Ahmad , S. Suryapani , M.Z. Abdin , S.R. Mir and Mohammed Ali
  India with its copiousness of exuberant flora is one of the richest countries as regards the genetic resources of medicinal plants and occupies unquestionably a premier position in the use of herbal drugs but in this era of high-tech wizardry, urbanization and industrialization has created needless disturbance in the vulnerably delicate ecosystems due to the accretion of large quantities of municipal wastes and industrial residues. On the other hand, continued applications of chemical fertilizers resulted in the contamination of surface and ground waters and have adversely affected the biological, physical and chemical properties of soil. It was therefore, suggested to find and evaluate methods which can help solve serious environmental and plant nutritional problems. An experiment was conducted in this regard at the research field of Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India to assess the impact of sewage sludge biosolid, composted sugarcane pressmud and farmyard manure on volatile oil content and composition of Artemisia annua Linn., an important aromatic-antibacterial herb. The oil is quite useful pharmaceutically and is used in perfumery, cosmetics, aromatherapy and dermatology as an antimicrobial agent having fungicidal properties. We undertook the present study with a view to maintain the ecosystems of the soil and mitigate environmental pollution. The principal findings revealed significant variations in the oil content and percentage occurrence of different constituents therefore, paving the way for enhanced production of volatiles in this industrial crop as well as emerging as an alternative control measure for mitigation of environmental pollution.
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