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Articles by M.U. Mallah
Total Records ( 2 ) for M.U. Mallah
  A.A. Khooharo , R.A. Memon and M.U. Mallah
  The purpose of this study was to examine the import of pesticides in Pakistan since February 1980, when import and sale of pesticide was shifted to private sector and subsidy on ground spraying was withdrawn. Various pesticide registration schemes of import have been discussed and number of pesticides registered in each scheme has been reported. The pros and cons of registration schemes have been discussed. An appropriate regression model satisfying basic assumptions has been developed for the import and consumption of pesticides. Using the model estimates, it was concluded that the growth rate of pesticide import was computed to be 35% in 1981 taking 1980 as base year, 30% in 1982 taking 1981 as base year; and for subsequent years, the growth rate of pesticide import has lowered and has reached at 8% in 1999 taking corresponding preceding year as base year. The same growth rate has been calculated till 2002. The agricultural growth rate has been recorded lower than that of pesticide import excepting 1995-96, when highest agricultural growth rate of the decade was recorded to be 11.7% and with pesticide import growth rate of 10%. This indicates that the trend of using pesticide for pest control is higher when compared to agricultural growth trend.
  A.A. Khooharo , R.A. Memon , M.Y. Memon and M.U. Mallah
  Numerous companies have entered the pesticide market in Pakistan due to windfall profits and liberal policies of the government since 1980s, when new agriculture policy was announced and the import and sale of pesticides were shifted to private sector. Easy imports, low prices and availability of a variety of pesticides are the distinct advantages of liberal policies. On the other hand, sale of substandard pesticides is a common problem of farming community due to regulatory and institutional deficiencies. This study was conducted to evaluate and to redesign regulatory framework for monitoring of pesticides by Agriculture Extension in view of stakeholders` perceptions during 2003-04. Finding of the study revealed that during three years (2000-2002) 2190 samples were tested in provincial laboratories of Sindh and 268 (12%) were declared substandard. Out of 268, 150 FIRs (56%) were lodged and 86 (32%) cases were challenged in courts while only 47 (18%) cases were decided by the courts. Majority of the stakeholders including District Officers Agriculture (100%) and Sales Executives(63%) were not satisfied with the present monitoring system for pesticides. All the Pesticide Dealers interviewed were of the opinion that pesticide companies be named in FIR when samples are declared unfit by the laboratories, because they purchase sealed pesticides from pesticide companies.
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