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Articles by M.T. Jalali
Total Records ( 2 ) for M.T. Jalali
  A.P.R. Saber , M.T. Jalali , D. Mohjeri , A.A. Akhoole , H.Z.N. Teymourluei , M. Nouri and S. Garachorlo
  To identify the thyroid histological and hormonal changes in response to ambient temperature variations, thyroid glands and blood samples were randomly collected from 800 indigenous corss-breed cattle of both sex and different age groups from municipal Tabriz slaughter house. The extent of fluctuations in triiodothyronine (T3), thyroxin (T4), T3 uptake and thyroid histopathological lesions were scrutinized in 2 months in year 2007, viz., February (the coldest month) and August (the hottest month). A marked decline was discernable in T3, T4 and T3 uptake in August compared to February. Out of 800 pairs of thyroid glands, 120 (15%) had lesions in which histopathological changes were categorized as follicular atrophy (2.5%), Paranchymal cyst (1.38%), colloid goiter (3.39%), follicular cell hyperplasia (0.27%), thyroid fibrosis(0.635%), focal hyperplastic goiter (0.88%), diffuse hyperplastic goiter additional paranchymal cyst (0.63%). Mean of thyroidal parameters for T4, T3 and T3 uptake was lower in lesioned group (p<0.01). The frequency of lesioned thyroid was higher in summer than winter (p<0.001). The result of this study showed that high ambient temperature has profound effect on thyroid function, secretion and pathological changes in cattle.
  F. Shishehbor , A. Mansoori , A.R. Sarkaki , M.T. Jalali and S.M. Latifi
  In this study, the effect of apple cider vinegar on Fasting Blood Glucose (FBG), glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) and lipid profile in normal and diabetic rats was investigated. Diabetes was induced in male Wistar rats (300±30 g) by the intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (60 mg kg-1 of body weight). Both normal and diabetic animals were fed with standard animal food containing apple cider vinegar (6% w/w) for 4 weeks. Fasting blood glucose did not change, while HbA1c significantly decreased by apple cider vinegar in diabetic group (p<0.05). In normal rats fed with vinegar, significant reduction of low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-c) (p<0.005) and significant increase of high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-c) levels (p<0.005) were observed. Apple cider vinegar also reduced serum triglyceride (TG) levels (p<0.005) and increased HDL-c (p<0.005) in diabetic animals. These results indicate that apple cider vinegar improved the serum lipid profile in normal and diabetic rats by decreasing serum TG, LDL-c and increasing serum HDL-c and may be of great value in managing the diabetic complications.
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