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Articles by M.S.M. Amin
Total Records ( 6 ) for M.S.M. Amin
  A. Gholizadeh , M.S.M. Amin , A.R. Anuar and W. Aimrun
  Problem statement: Laboratory plant testing is usually time-consuming and high-costing. Hence, plant nutrient variability must be measured rapidly and the information made known to the farmers before the new season starts. Site-specific crop management, well-established in some developed countries, is now being considered in other places such as Malaysia. Approach: The application of site-specific management principles and techniques to diverse crops and small-scale farming systems in Malaysia will present new challenges. Describing within-field variability in typical Malaysian production settings is a fundamental first step toward determining the size of management zones and the inter-relationships between limiting factors, for establishment of site-specific management strategies. Results: Measurements of rice SPAD readings and nitrogen content were obtained in a Malaysian rice paddy field. SPAD reading data was manually collected on 80DAT and measured using a Minolta SPAD 502. Leaf samples were collected at 60 points at the same time to compare results from sampling with SPAD reading values. Samples nitrogen content was analyzed in a laboratory. Analysis of variance, variogram and kriging were conducted to determine the variability of the measured parameters and also their relationship. SPAD reading and nitrogen content maps were created on the interpretation of the data was investigated. Conclusion/Recommendations: Finally the research indicated that SPAD readings are closely related to leaf N content which means the potential for technology of precision farming to understand and control variation in Malaysian production fields and also SPAD chlorophyll meter ability to monitor the N status of rice and recommend the amount of N fertilization. Additional research is needed to confirm the results with data from other fields and crops.
  A. Gholizadeh , M.S.M. Amin , A.R. Anuar , M. Esfahani and M.M. Saberioon
  Problem statement: In order to meet the ever increasing demand of medicinal plants, for the indigenous systems of medicine as well as for the pharmaceutical industry, some medicinal plants need to be cultivated commercially and moldavian balm (Dracocephalum moldavica) is one of them. Approach: To determine the effects of zeolite and water stress on aforementioned plant’s phisiomorphological characteristics, an experiment was conducted with applying four zeolite levels and three water discharge levels during plant growth. Some growth and development parameters were measured. Results: Summarized that, zeolite did not have any significant effect on plant height and number of internodes but had, on the other traits. There were not a significant effect of water discharge on plant height, number of flowers and number of internodes but its effect on the flowering time and essential oil content was significant. Moreover, there was not an interaction between zeolite and water stress on number of flowers and number of internodes but this interaction was significant on the other parameters. Conclusion: Finally, 2 g zeolite with 50% water losses was recommended to obtain higher essential oil. Additional researches are needed to confirm the results for data from other fields and crops.
  W. Aimrun , M.S.M. Amin and A. Gholizadeh
  Problem statement: Study on spatial variability of vertical saturated hydraulic conductivity or percolation loss was conducted within a plot of an area of 1.2 ha paddy plot to find out the relationship between percolation rate and rice productivity. A paddy soil condition that permits percolation rate of 10-20 mm irrigation water day-1 was recommended in order to get high yield of rice. This value is very high when compared to typical values from 1-4 mm day-1 for the Malaysian engineers practiced in paddy fields. Approach: This study presented results of a study that relate the distribution of percolation rates with respect to rice yield productivity. Soil samples at 36 sampling points were collected. DGPS was used to locate the sampling points and then rice yields of the same point were collected. The relationship was determined by statistical correlation factor. Kriging method was used to map the distribution of percolation and yield. Results: The results of the study showed that percolation loss was very low and varied even within a small area. Spatial variability maps show that the area of high percolation rates is the same area that produced high yield. Even though high yields can be obtained from the areas of high percolation rate, it may not be the optimum rate. Conclusion: Higher yield within the area of high percolation may be due to less toxic since it is easily be drained out.
  M.H. Ezrin , M.S.M. Amin , A.R. Anuar and W. Aimrun
  Problem statement: Understanding the relationships between rice yield and soil properties such as bulk electrical conductivity is of critical importance in precision farming. The apparent Electrical Conductivity of soil (ECa) is influenced by a combination of physico-chemical properties including soluble salts, clay content and mineralogy, soil water content, bulk density, organic matter and soil temperature. Accordingly, ECa is considered as the most reliable and frequently used tools in precision farming research for the spatio-temporal characterization of edaphic and anthropogenic properties that influence crop yield. Many researchers have found positive correlation of ECa to crop yield such as corn and soy bean but not rice paddies. This study discussed on the relationship between ECa and rice yield for best practice management on paddy field. Approach: The analyses had used two reliable methods in six selected paddy lots at Sawah Sempadan, Selangor, Malaysia. Stepwise Linear Regression (SLR) and Boundary Line Analysis (BLA) techniques were used. External factors such as weather conditions, disease outbreaks, labor shortage and other factors were not considered in the data analysis and interpretation. Results: The results indicate that deep ECa (ECad) is significantly related to rice yield with R2 = 0.1246 and R2 = 0.4156 from SLR and BLA analyses, respectively. Conclusion: Results of this study can benefit farmers and researchers to understand the influence of ECa to the crop productivity.
  W. Aimrun , M.S.M. Amin and H. Nouri
  Careful consideration of the likely management operation or agrichemical input(s) to be employed is needed for site-specific management or precision farming in order to determine the procedure of how to divide a field into different management zones. The purpose of this study was to describe the characteristics of the physical and chemical properties of the humid tropic paddy soils after zoning using apparent electrical conductivity. With some management operations, grid-soil sampling and mapping of nutrients may be the most appropriate option. Soil apparent Electrical Conductivity (ECa) delineated management zones could be a reliable indicator of yield potential and a useful basis to evaluate the probable for site specific management. This study was conducted in the Tanjung Karang Rice Irrigation Scheme located on a flat coastal plain in the district of Kuala Selangor and Sabak Bernam, Malaysia for 3 seasons namely, seasons 1/2003, 2/2003 and 1/2004. One block called Block C was selected where it contains 118 lots with 1.2 ha size for each lot and a total area is about 142 ha. Soil ECa was collected using VerisEC 3100 and soil samples were collected for their chemicals and physicals analysis. Mean comparisons were conducted using Statistical Analysis System 8e (SAS) to determine soil properties within ECa zones. The results showed that zone 1 of shallow ECa had significantly lower soil Electrical Conductivity (EC), Calcium (Ca), Potassium (K) and Iron (Fe), but significantly higher fine sand and sand contents. Zone 1 of deep ECa had significantly lower Magnesium (Mg), Sodium (Na) and total cation. This low Na may be due to deep soil profile reaching the parent material of marine clay (marine alluvial), where, it used to be a former water route. Higher fine sand and sand in zone 1 were found for all the seasons. The results suggested that field-scale ECa survey could delimit distinct zones of soil condition among which soil nutrient levels differ, providing an effective basis for soil sampling on a zone basis. It will help farmers to identify their farm for variable rate application.
  H. Nouri , M.S.M. Amin , S.J. Razavi , A.R. Anuar , W. Aimrun and S.C. Borujeni
  The main objective of this study was to determine spatial variability of sugar beet leaf N content affected by distribution pattern of urea fertigation. This study was conducted in Fesaran village, Isfahan Province of Iran and limited to sugar beet (monogerm seed) which is the fourth commercial crop in Isfahan Province. Urea applied through sprinkler irrigation (solid set system-removable sprinklers). Soil and sugar beet leaves samples were obtained to specify soil total N as well leaf N content. Results of soil and crop analysis were used to produce spatial variability maps through GS+ and ArcGIS 9.2 software. Semivariogram results were used to perform an ordinary kriging to obtain interpolated values of selected variables from the sample points through and across the study area. It was found that there was a low variability of soil total N 4 days after fertigation as well as low variability in sugar beet leaf N content which indicates that the soil has a homogenous total N through and across the field and urea fertigated uniformly on sugar beet leaves. The results of urea fertigation through sprinklers indicate uniform fertigation makes low spatial variability of sugar beet leaf N content.
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