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Articles by M.S. Salwani
Total Records ( 2 ) for M.S. Salwani
  M.S. Salwani , A.Q. Sazili , I. Zulkifli , Z. Nizam and W. Zul Edham
  The study aimed to determine physico-chemical characteristics and myofibrillar proteolysis of breast muscles from broiler chickens subjected to head only electrical stunning. Pectoralis major muscles were collected from un-stunned (N = 25) and electrically stunned (N = 25) chickens at a commercial poultry processing plant. All samples were analysed for pH, color values, shear force, cooking loss and desmin degradation at 0, 4 and 24 h postmortem. The head only electrical stunning had significantly improved cooking loss and lightness (L*) of the pectoralis major muscles. Besides, there was a tendency for the stunning regime employed in this experiment to cause more rapid degradation of desmin over the 24 h postmortem storage.
  R. Daud , H. Mas Ayu , M.S. Salwani , S.H. Tomadi , Mohammed Rafiq Abdul Kadir , Hanumantharao Balaji Raghavendran and Tunku Kamarul
  Current ankle morphometric measurement tools involve the use of radiographic techniques which may be unacceptable to many ethical committees due to the radiation exposure to subjects. In the present study, we propose an alternative method of ankle morphometric measurement using neural network computational model based solely on existing data measurements and demographic information. The reliability and prediction power of this technique were examined and compared with the morphometric measurements of normal subjects using Computed Tomography (CT) scan measurements and Multiple Linear Regression (MLR) method of prediction. The Artificial Neural Network (ANN) used in the present study was based on two-layer feed forward network. The network system included a hidden layer sigmoid transfer function and a linear transfer function in the output layer. For network training, standard levenberg-marquardt algorithm was used. The input used consisted of a set of demographic data (age, height and weight) while the output obtained from the analyses consisted of ankle morphometric measurements (Trochlea Tali Length (TTL) Talar Anterior Width (TaAW) Sagittal Radius of talar (SRTa) Tibia Length (TiL) Tibia Width (TiW) Width/Length Ratio of Talar (WLRTa) and Width/Length Ratio of Tibia(WLRTi)). The applicability and accuracy of these alternative methods were evaluated by comparing the predicted values from our computational analysis with the normal CT values of 15 randomly selected volunteers. Furthermore, our prediction values were also compared with the values predicted using the MLR method. The ANN method showed a greater capacity of prediction and was found to estimate the ankle joint morphometric measurements with a low percentage of error and high correlative values with the measurements obtained through the use of CT scan. In addition, the ANN method was also noted to be better in predicting ankle measurements than the MLR method as demonstrated by the lower average of standard deviations: SANN = 1.35, SMLR = 2.20 for females and SANN = 1.81, SMLR = 4.07 for males. The ANN method is potentially better alternative to predict ankle morphometric measurements than CT scan and MLR methods.
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