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Articles by M.S. Hossain
Total Records ( 11 ) for M.S. Hossain
  M.K. Alam , M.H. Rashid , M.S. Hossain , M.A. Salam and M.A. Rouf
  Four different media namely- Hyponex, Murashige and Skoog (MS), OKF1 and Knudson C (KC), were tested for large scale multiplication of sympodial native orchid, Dendrobium transparens Wall. via seeds. MS medium was found to be best for characters studied in Dendrobium transparens, followed by Hyponex medium but OKF1 medium gave the least performance. Days required to seed germination was the minimum (50 days) in MS medium while the maximum days (59 days) was required by OKF1 medium. Considering other characteristics, such as days required to protocorm formation and plantlet development, number of leaves and roots per plantlet, plantlet height and root length and finally plant survivability percentage, MS medium showed significantly better performance for in vitro seed propagation of Dendrobium transparens.
  A. Islam , M.S. Hossain , A. Sayeed , Md. Ibrahim , H. Mondal and N. Absar
  The experiment was performed in the experimental land of the Institute of Biological Sciences, Rajshahi during the period of April-May, 2007 and 2008. The physical and chemical characteristics of jute fibre under different foliar treatments were investigated at mature stage. The results showed significantly increase in most of the chemical composition under different foliar treatments. Moisture content, dry matter and ash contents of jute fibre obtained from experimental land compared to those of control jute fibre after application of NPK-fertilizers and cowdung in combination with foliar spray. The moister content of jute fibre decreased whereas ash content increased significantly under different treatments. The moisture and ash contents of jute fibre were varied between 12 to 14% and 0.5 to 0.7%, respectively. On the other hand the dry matter content of jute fibre increased slightly under different treatments. The aqueous extract, fatty and waxy matter, pectic matter, α-cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin contents and tensile strength of jute fibre as compared to those of control were as follows: The maximum increase of aqueous extract 20.65% (treatment T2), the maximum increase of fatty and waxy 22.54% (treatment T2), pectic matter 5.49% (treatment T6), α-cellulose 61%, hemicellulose 29%, lignin contents 7.29% (treatment T6) and tensile strength 15.55%.
  K.M. Earfan Ali , M.S. Hossain and M.A. Mannan
  In this study attempt has been made to formulate a model for marriage according to the age difference associated with marriage and Muslim community. For this a single parameter exponential distribution has been proposed and compared with the pareto-exponential function. It was found the exponential distribution provided a good approximation at the survey area and therefore was considered suitable to describe the age associated with marriage in a Muslim community.
  S. Islam , M.S. Hossain , N. Nahar , M. Mosihuzzaman and M.I.R. Mamun
  A reverse phase high performance liquid chromatographic method with an acetonitrile-water mobile phase gradient and UV/Visible detection is described for the determination of three pesticides, frequently used in agriculture, in eggplant samples. The samples were sprayed with three pesticides namely, Diazinon, Malathion, Sumithion at three different doses and were harvested at two different Pre-Harvest Interval (PHI) of days 1 and 5 after the application of the pesticides. Sample preparation involved extraction with ethyl acetate and clean up was accomplished by solid-phase extraction using florisil columns. Calibration curves that were constructed for the analytes with matrix matching followed linear relationships with good correlation coefficients (R2>0.990). The average recoveries of the pesticides which were sensitive to matrix effects ranged from 88-120%. Detection limit of less than 0.02 mg kg-1 showed that the method developed can be used to determine the pesticide residues in concentrations lower than the maximum residue limits. In the analysis of residues, samples treated with Diazinon at all doses, residual amounts above Maximum Residue Limit (MRL) (0.02 mg kg-1) were found. Malathion and Sumithion were found above MRL (0.5 mg kg-1) value in only one sample for each pesticide.
  M.S. Hossain , M.R.I. Khan , A.S.M. Anisuzzaman , M. Ahmed , M.S. Amran and A. Islam
  Diabetes is a major public health problem. The development of new therapies that are able to improve glycemia management and even to cure diabetes is of great interest. The antihyperglycemic activity of leaves of Mangifera indica was evaluated with scientific approaches. The study was undertaken to investigate the antihyperglycemic, Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT) and glycogenesis effects of the different fractions (Petroleum ether, ethyl acetate and chloroform) of ethanolic extract of Mangifera indica. The different extracts were administered intraperitoneally as a single dose of 150 mg kg-1 b.wt. to normal, glucose induced and alloxan induced diabetic rats and found to reduce blood glucose level significantly (p<0.05). Beside these, the different fractions of Mangifera indica to the alloxan-induced diabetic rats resulted in the significant elevation of liver glycogen content which was decreased by 50.60% in diabetic control. The effects of plant extracts were compared with standard drug metformin. The phytochemical screening tests indicate the different constituents such as triterpines, alkaloids, flavonoids etc. are present in the plant which have the antidiabetic property. Thus, this investigation paves the way for plant based diabetic treatment and indicates that various fractions (Petroleum ether, ethyl acetate and chloroform) of the ethanolic extract of Mangifera indica have favorable effect in bringing down the severity of diabetes as well as increase glycogenesis activity by increasing the cellular uptake of glucose.
  M.S. Hossain , M.B. Alam , N.S. Chowdhury , M. Asadujjaman , R. Zahan , M.M. Islam , M.E.H. Mazumder , M.E. Haque and A. Islam
  The present study was designed to investigate the antioxidant, analgesic and anti-inflammatory potential of the methanolic extract along with its organic soluble fractions of the herb Eclipta prostrata. In addition, total phenolic and flavonoid content and total antioxidant capacity were also determined. Antioxidant potential of the extract/fractions was evaluated by DPPH (1,1diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl), NO (nitric oxide) and ONOO¯ (peroxynitrite) scavenging assay method. Ethyl acetate fractions (EtOAc) showed highest scavenging activity in all the methods with IC50 value of 12.98±0.08, 45.98±0.07 and 14.45±0.18 μg mL-1 for DPPH, NO and ONOO- assay method, respectively. In reducing power assay, EtOAc fraction also showed significant (p<0.001) activity. Further, the extract/fractions were studied for their analgesic (hot plate, tail immersion and acetic acid induced writhing test) and anti-inflammatory (carrageenan induced paw edema in rats) activities at a dose level of 200 and 400 mg kg-1 body weight. Among all the extract/fractions, EtOAc fraction showed a dose dependent and significant (p<0.005, p<0.05) analgesic activity in all the tested method. EtOAc fractions also reduced the paw edema considerably (86.80% inhibition after 3 h, p<0.005, p<0.05) in dose dependent manner compared to carrageenan induced rat. Altogether, these results suggest that the MeOH extract and its organic soluble fractions could be used as a potential antioxidant, analgesic and anti-inflammatory agent.
  M.S. Hossain , M.N. Haque , S.A. Aziz , M.S. Mazumder , M.L. Ali and A.T.M. M-E-Elahi
  Thirty-six indigenous postpartum cows were given dry straw ad libitum + 1.5 kg concentrates (control) or UMS ad libitum + 1.5 kg concentrates (treated). Cows were stall fed. Calves were tied up at night and allowed to free access or suckling to the cows during the whole day. The cows were milked only in the morning. Live weight change of cows and calves were recorded monthly and milk yield was recorded daily. The reproductive performance of cows was also studied. Live weight change of cows -57.40 and 37.75 g/d (P < 0.05); milk yield of cows 1.83 and 2.52 kg/d (P < 0.01); calf weight gain 96.99 and 139.35 g/d (P < 0.01); calving to first service interval 182 and 113 days (P < 0.01) ; calving to conception interval, 210 and 134 days (P < 0.01) and number of services per conception 2.11 and 1.94 (P >0.05), for controlled and treated groups respectively. It is concluded that UMS can be fed for improving the productive and reproductive performance of indigenous cows under the village conditions of Bangladesh.
  M.S. Hossain , M. Obaidulla Kaisar , M. Nazim Uddin , S. Akhtar and A.K.M. Quamruzzaman
  An experiment was carried out to evaluate three packages viz., perforated polyethylene bagging, covering fruits by PVC pipe and poison bait trap against fruit fly on cucumber. Bagging of cucumber with perforated polyethylene bags at immature stage significantly reduced the fruit fly infestation. The level of fruit fly infestation under PVC pipe was higher compared with bagged ones but it was lower than bait-trap used. The bagging of fruits for combating the fruit fly on cucumber might be considered as an IPM package.
  U.K.S. Khanam , M. Hossain , N. Ahmed , M.M. Uddin and M.S. Hossain
  The screening of thirty tomato varieties/lines to tomato fruit borer, Helicoverpa armigera (Hub.) infestation was conducted in relation to their morphological characters. The tomato fruit borer infestation varied significantly among the varieties/lines and also with the age of the tomato plants. Among the varieties/lines, V-29 and V-282 were found moderately resistant and susceptible respectively. Plant height, stem diameter, total number of branches/plant, total number of leaves/plant, 2nd leaf area, total leaf chlorophyll, number of leaf hair, number of fruits/plant of V-29 line were 81.74, 1.45 cm, 14, 453, 19.58 sq. cm, 1.13mg g-1, 12 and 48 respectively. Again the aforementioned characters for V-282 line were 80.74 cm, 1.18 cm, 9, 396, 21.57 sq. cm, 1.24 mg g-1, 17 and 30 respectively.
  M.A. Salam , M.S. Hossain , M.E. Ali , M.A. Asad and M.H. Ali
  The experiment was carried out to determine the presence and numbers of arsenic resistant bacteria population. In this study, soil samples were collected from different contaminated sites of Khulna shipyard, Rupsha, Baghmara and Ramnagor in Khulna district of Bangladesh. Twenty arsenic resistant bacterial strains were isolated from the soil samples. They were isolated by growing them on Nutrient Broth (NB) medium impregnated with high concentration of arsenic. From them, six strains Bacillus lichnefomis (1/10), Listeria murrayi (2/9), Bacillus polymyxa (3/6), Moraxella urethralis (4/9) and Planococcus citreus (5/8) and Pseudomonas fluorescens (6/8) were finally selected and studied their morphological and biochemical characters in details. All six strains were able to tolerate very high concentration (>100 ppm). The optimum pH and temperature for the growth of all six strains were 8.5 and 37°C, respectively. It was concluded that bacteria living in arsenic free environment must posses a mechanism necessary to resist other toxic levels of arsenic.
  M.S. Zahangir , M.A. Karim , M.R. Zaman , M.I. Hussain and M.S. Hossain
  This study examines the levels, trends and differentials of age at first marriage and also to identify the various demographic, social and economic factors influencing on age at first marriage of rural woman in Bangladesh. In this analysis, the overall mean age at first` marriage of rural Bangladeshi woman is found to be only 14.76 years. Marriage cohort analysis of the respondents suggests that mean age at first marriage among most recent cohort is about 1.22 years higher compared to earlier cohort. Independence χ2-test statistic and logistic regression analysis reveal that respondent`s education, access to mass media, religion, husband`s education, childhood place of residence and region have highly significant impact on age at first marriage, whereas husband`s occupation and respondent`s working status have little bit significant effect. Path analysis technique also reveals that all of the direct effects are significantly influenced on age at marriage and the indirect effects are appreciably prejudiced in the same.
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