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Articles by M.M. Noordin
Total Records ( 5 ) for M.M. Noordin
  Morteta H. AL-Medhtiy , A.B.Z. Zuki , M.M. Noordin and S. Agungpriyono
  Problems statement: The level of uterine Secretory-IgA (S-IgA) and numbers of plasma cells was measured to observe the differences between two stages of estrous cycle (follicular and luteal phase) in the healthy cycling non pregnant ewes. Approach: Twelve ewes were used in this study and they were divided into two groups of 6 animals each according to the stages of estrous cycle. All ewes were subjected to estrous synchronization and allowed to undergo one natural estrous cycle after the removal of the sponge. All animals were then slaughtered at the end of the experiment. The uterine mucus was collected by flushing with a mixture of protease inhibitor cocktail in distilled water. For both stages, the level of uterine S-IgA was quantified by using ELISA and Methyl Green Pyronine staining was used to observe the plasma cell in the tissues of the uterine horn and oviduct of ewe’s genital tract. Results: The results were analyzed by independent sample t-test and presented as mean±SEM. This study showed the relationship of the estrous cycle stages to uterine S-IgA concentration (µg mL-1) and populations of plasma cell in the healthy non-pregnant cycling ewes. The concentration (µg mL-1) of S-IgA (0.20±0.01) in the follicular phase was highly significant (p<0.01) as compared with the luteal phase (0.17±0.002). In addition, the populations of the plasma cells were significantly higher (p<0.01) in the uterine horn (4.97±0.32) and oviduct (3.82±0.33) during follicular phase compared to the luteal phase (3.87 ±0.30) and (1.90±0.21), respectively. Conclusion: The main reason for the immunosuppression during the luteal phase did not fully justified, especially with the presence of potential acquired infection during coitus in the follicular phase and at the same time immune system should decrease accordingly to prevent newly attached fetus rejection by the mother immune system.
  I.H. Lokman , Hasan S.A. Jawad , Y.M. Goh , A.Q. Sazili , M.M. Noordin and A.B.Z. Zuki
  In most animals, myofibers number gets established before birth and postnatal growth is due to muscle hypertrophy, with very little contribution from muscle hyperplasia. The muscle myofibers exhibit different contractile, metabolic, physiological, chemical and morphological characteristics but the interaction between these factors and their outcome is not fully understood. Since, there is lack of literature regarding the skeletal muscle morphology of Red jungle fowl (RJ) and Malaysian village chicken (VC), therefore, the present study was undertaken with the aim to evaluate the morphology of skeletal muscle of Red jungle fowl (Gallus gallus Spadiceus) and Malaysian Village Chicken (Gallus gallus Domesticus) and commercial broiler chicken. A total of 150 unsexed birds consisting of 50 Red jungle fowl (RJ), 50 Malaysian village chicken (VC) and 50 commercial broiler (CB) were used in this study. Pectoralis major and bicep femoris were analyzed at the age of 1, 10, 20, 56 and 120 days post hatch. The number of muscle fibers in the breast and thigh muscles increased as the age advanced and the slow growing birds (RJ and VC) had higher Type I muscle fibers in breast and thigh muscles than fast growing CB. The percentage of Type 1 muscle fibers increased as the age advanced due to prolonged activity and also the type of muscle fibers changed throughout the age and activity. The importance of muscle fiber type changes is applicable to determine the future production of birds especially with regard to better quality meat of VC and RJ.
  Khalid K. Kadhim , A.B.Z. Zuki , M.M. Noordin , S.A. Babjee and W. Khamas
  The digestive organs of Malaysian Village Fowl (MVF) and Broiler Breed (BB) differ in body weight were studied grossly and histologically. Weight of digestive organs and length of small intestine were obtained from fifty male from each breed euthanased from first day after hatch to 4 months. At day 20 body weight of BB was five times greater than those of MVF. The differences between breeds for the weight of vitelline residue, proventriculus, gizzard, liver, pancreas, weight and length of small intestine segments for the absolute and relative to body weight at day one were also obtained. The liver, pancreas and intestinal segments of the two breeds showed increased in relative weight at the 10 days post-hatch and after that the relationship were reversed. At days 20-4 months post-hatch, all organs relative weight of MVF increased except jejunum in 56-120 days and ileum in 56 days. The same patterns observed for intestinal length in both breeds. Day one post-hatch relative lengths of all intestinal segments in MVF were higher than BB. The latter was dominantly showed larger proventricular glands, gizzard glands and gizzard lining membrane. In BB, the villi heights of intestinal mucosa were higher than that of MVF, except in ileum at days 20 and 56 post-hatch. The villus surface areas were constantly greater in BB, the crypt depths were greater in BB, except in 56 and 120 days. There were no different in thickness of muscularis externa in each intestinal segment at the day one and after the 20 days old.
  Khalid K. Kadhim , A.B.Z. Zuki , M.M. Noordin , S.M.A. Babjee and W. Khamas
  Thirty males of Red Jungle Fowl (RJF) were divided into 3 equal groups, euthanized at day 1, 10 and 20 days after hatching. The morphometric analyses were performed at three different magnification levels. Different segments (duodenum, jejunum and ileum) and cecum were weighted and length of each small intestinal segments and cecum were determined at a macroscopic level. The mucosa of the intestinal segments was compared and contrasted using both, light and scanning electron microscopy. The villi height, villi surface area, crypt depth and muscularis externa were measured. The body weight was doubled at 10th day and again doubled at 20th day. The weight and length of intestinal segments were significantly higher throughout the experiment except the constant rate of the duodenal and jejunal lengths after 10th days. Relative to body weight, the organs weight and length were declined after 10th days. The duodenal villi height and surface area were greater than the jejunum followed by the ileum. The muscularis externa and crypt depth increased significantly at 10th day. However, the latter showed retardation thereafter. Day one intestinal villi appeared finger-like shape with zigzag arrangement, tongue-like and leaf-like shaped in 10 and 20th days, respectively. The villi distribution and patterns in the middle region of cecum were characteristic. The epithelial cells of the duodenal villi showed more activities and development than those on the jejunum and the ileum throughout the age. The body growth in RJF progresses very slowly while the relative intestinal segment weight and length failed to follow the body weight after 10th days. The duodenal mucosa shows better developmental features than the jejunum and the ileum.
  S.G. Yasameen , M.M. Noordin , B.O. Emikpe and S. Kazhal
  The obscured pathogenesis of surra caused by Trypanosoma evansi with regards to reproductive failure formed the basis of this investigation. A total of 35 adult male rabbits were divided randomly into 6 groups (G1-G6) consisting of 5 animals each, based on the duration of exposure with an additional control group comprising of similar number of animals. Trypanosome-infected rabbits were inoculated intravenously with 1×105 trypanosomes/mL while the control group received phosphate saline glucose via. the same route. The Five rabbits were sacrificed and examined at 1 (G1)-6 (G6) months post-infection (p.i.). Apart from a decrease in packed cell volume, total erythrocyte count and hemoglobin concentration, the protozoan waspresent in blood 72 h p.i. The infection led to significant (p<0.0001) decreases in sperm concentration, motility and viability percentages and increases in the percentages of morphological abnormalities in the infected rabbits at one month’s p.i. respectively while there was aspermia and 0% of motility, viability and morphologic parameters in the infected rabbits at 2-6 months p.i. Histopathological changes, especially aspermia were observed as early as 2 month p.i. The antigenic expression by Immuno Histo Chemistry assay (IHC) was prominent around the seminiferous tubules in the testicular blood vessels and in the testicular interstitial connective tissue. Moreover, immunopositive reaction was seen in the interstitium of the epididymis. Our findings indicated that the pathogenesis of Malaysian isolate of T. evansi in chronically infected laboratory animal model was associated with severe destruction of the testes and epididymides that caused sterility in the infected animals.
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