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Articles by M.M. Moheghi
Total Records ( 2 ) for M.M. Moheghi
  M. Kazemi , A.M. Tahmasbi , R. Valizadeh , A.A. Naserian and M.M. Moheghi
  In vitro gas production and in situ techniques were used to evaluate nutritional value of some alternative weed forages e.g., Sorghum halepense, Salsola kali, Convolvulus arvensis and Portulaca oleracea. Cumulative gas production was recorded at 2, 4, 8, 12, 24, 48, 72, 96 and 120 h of incubation also, in situ disappear of dry matter for these weed forage was measured at 0, 2, 4, 8, 16, 24, 48, 72 and 96 h of incubation and gas production constants (b and c) were described using the equation y = b (1-e-ct). The most cumulative gas production was for Sorghum halepense in time of 120 h incubation (116.67 mL/300 mg of sample incubated) and Portulaca oleracea was the lowest cumulative gas production for 120 h incubation (66.35 mL/300 mg of sample incubated). The NDF, OM, Pr and DM were different among weed forages used in this study. The equation of y = a+b (1-e-ct) was applied for degradability of DM. The constant (readily soluble fraction, 53.53%) of Convolvulus arvensis was higher but, the constant of Salsola kali was lowest (45.82%). The b constant (insoluble fraction but degradable in rumen) for Sorghum halepense (44.48%) was significantly higher than other treatments and the c constant (rate of degradation of b per hour) was significantly higher for Portulaca oleracea (0.089%). According to results from gas production and in situ techniques, it seems that the Sorghum halepense has a higher nutritive value than other treatments, but more experiments were required for accurate determination of nutritional values of these forages.
  M.M. Moheghi , A.M. Tahmasbi , A.A. Naserian and A. Omid
  A study was made to evaluate the nutritional value of the Caraway-Seed Pulp (CSP) in concentrate component of the diet on the performance and blood metabolite of lactating Holstein cattle. Eight Holstein cattle (mean 40 days after calving) were allocated in 4 treatments based on Latin square design experiment. The treatments offered to animals were different levels of CSP, which substituted by Wheat Bran (WB) in concentrate by the following order: 0.0% CSP(100% WB-0.0% CSP as a control group); 33.3% CSP (66.7% WB, 33.3% CSP); 66.6% CSP (33.3% CSP+66.6% WB) and 100% CSP (0.0% WB+100% CSP). Nutrient composition in CSP based of DM were DM-37.6%, Protein-15.2%, fat-6%, NDF-55%, ADF-51% and Ash-14.5%. Overall feed intake was not statistically differ between treatments, however numerical improvement was observed in treatment 100% CSP compared to others although, the differences was not significant (p>0.05). The milk production and its composition results for all treatment was not significantly different (p>0.05). However, trend was to improve in milk fat by increasing CSP levels in diet with higher rate for treatment 100% CSP. Results obtained from blood metabolite analysis indicated that concentration of glucose was higher in treatment 0.0% CSP (control) compared to others, also, serum concentrate of SGOT and SGPT trended to increase by substitution of CSP in diet (p<0.05). Rumen N-NH3 and pH was not affected by any treatments. Obtain data from this study indicated that substitution of WB by CSP had not adverse effects on dairy cattle health and performance.
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