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Articles by M.M. Hossain
Total Records ( 21 ) for M.M. Hossain
  M.M. Rahman and M.M. Hossain
  Optimum plant density of soybean varies with geographic location and variety. The present study was undertaken with a view to optimize plant density of two soybean varieties using equidistant planting patter to obtain higher yield. The experiments were conducted in three consecutive seasons viz., Rabi 2004-05, Kharif 2005 and Rabi 2005-06 at Mymensingh, Bangladesh with two soybean varieties G-2 and PB-1 and six plant densities viz., 20, 40, 60, 80, 100 and 120 plants m-2 established using an equidistant planting pattern of 22.4x22.4 cm, 15.8x15.8 cm, 12.9x12.9 cm, 10.0x 10.0 cm and 9.1x 9.1 cm, respectively. Seed yield increased with increase of plant density up to 80 to 100 plants m-2 depending on variety and season. The increase in plant density decreased yield components such as number of pods plant-1, seeds pod-1 and 100-seed weight as well as seed yield plant-1. The soybean seed yield was positively correlated with total dry matter and leaf area index. The present study concludes that the highest soybean yield could be possible with a plant density of 80-100 plants m-2 depending upon variety, season and related agronomic management options.
  M.N. Haque , U.K. Rima , M.Z. Hossain , M.S. Islam , S.M.Z.H. Chowdhury , M.M. Hossain and M.A.H.N.A. Khan
  Objectives: Avian tuberculosis (ATB) is caused by Mycobacterium a. avium, potentially zoonotic and requires adapting molecular techniques to detect pathogenic serovars and prevent zoonosis. Methodology: Layer chicken (N = 2000) of organized poultry farms of Mymensingh district showed clinical signs of progressive emaciation and reduced weight gain constituted the study materials. This study used necropsy, histopathology and Ziehl Neelsen staining to identify specific pathology of ATB in chicken. This study adapted a Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) technique to detect ATB in layer chicken due to highly pathogenic variant (serovars 1, 2 and 3) of Mycobacterium a. avium. Results: Investigation of sick birds at necropsy showed granulomas in liver, spleen and intestine and suspected as a case of ATB. Using histopathology, multi-focal accumulation of macrophages, epitheloid cell and lymphocytes were seen in liver, spleen, kidney, heart and intestine. Acid fast bacterium was detected in tissue sections of spleen, liver and intestine using Ziehl Neelsen staining but unable to differentiate infectivity due to pathogenic, low pathogenic and saprophytic variants of Mycobacterium. Visceral organs were, therefore, collected for PCR detection of specific cause of ATB. A specific PCR protocol was adapted targetting 16S rRNA gene (192 bp) and successfully detected pathogenic variant of ATB (M. a. avium) in clinically infected and carrier chickens. Conclusion: The PCR technique showed the potentiality to diagnosis pathogenic variant of ATB in a few hours with high degree of sensitivity and specificity. Pathogenic variant (serovars 1, 2 and 3) of ATB is highly contagious and potentially zoonotic. The PCR technique can be used to screen elderly layer chickens, diagnose ATV at early onset and dispose the infected flock to prevent future zoonosis.
  K.U. Ahmed , M.M. Rahman , M.Z. Alam , M.M. Hossain and M.G. Miah
  The study on host preference of Batocera rufomaculata De Geer is of great interest, because it is a polyphagous pest and preferred middle aged jackfruit trees. In this study the incidence of Batocera rufomaculata De Geer in relation to different age groups of Jackfruit trees was evaluated. The investigation was done in Gazipur, Gaibandha and Khagrachhari districts of Bangladesh. Host preference of Batocera rufomaculata De Geer among five age groups (<10, 10-20, 21-30, 31-40 and >40 years) of jackfruit trees was conducted during 2009-2011 in farmers’ orchards. For different age groups were considered as treatments and the three districts were considered as replications. The trunk infestation was the highest (45.87%) in Gazipur for age group 10-20 years which was statistically identical (45.06%) with age group 21-30 years. The lowest infestation was 21.38% for the age group of above 40 years. However, between other two districts the infestation was the highest (27.97%) in Gaibandha in 10-20 years age group which is statistically similar (26.65%) with 21-30 years age group. The lowest infestation was found in below 10 years group (3.81%). In Khagrachhari where the highest infestation was 27.16% in 21-30 years age group and the lowest (17.06%) was in age group below 10 years. The order of host age preference was 10-20>21-30>31-40>below 10 and >above 40 years.
  M.F.M. Zain , M.R. Karim , M.N. Islam , M.M. Hossain , M. Jamil and H.M.A Al-Mattarneh
  This study describes the development of statistical models to predict strength and slump of silica fume incorporated High-Performance Concrete (HPC). Experimental data of silica fume incorporated HPC mixes were used to develop and validate models. The HPC having compressive strength range of 40-113 MPa and slump range of 180-250 mm were used. Statistical models were developed by regression analysis. The results of prediction by the models showed good agreement with those of experiments and other researchers. The developed models can be used to predict slump and 28 days compressive strength of silica fume incorporated HPC.
  S.M. Raquibul Hasan , M.M. Hossain , R. Akter , M. Jamila , M.E.H. Mazumder , M.A. Alam , A. Faruque , S. Rana and S. Rahman
  Analgesic potential of the pet ether (PECB), chloroform (CCB), n-butanol (NBCB) and hydromethanolic (HMCB) fractions of the aerial parts of Commelina benghalensis Linn. was evaluated for centrally acting analgesic property using hotplate and tail immersion method and peripheral pharmacological actions using acetic acid-induced writhing test to scientifically validate some of the folkloric and ethnomedical uses of the plant. All fractions, at the dose of 200 and 400 mg kg-1 b.wt., displayed significant analgesic action in a dose dependent manner in the tested models. In acetic acid-induced writhing test, all extracts exhibited significant (p<0.05) reduction of writhing response in a dose dependent manner; the response decreased in the order Diclofenac-Na (76.16%) > CCB2 (68.8%) > NBCB2 (61.9%) > HMCB2 (52.8%) > PECB2 (48.0%). In hotplate and tail immersion method, all fractions caused a significant (p<0.0-0.001) increase in latency time and the results are comparable to the standard drug Nalbuphine. These results suggest significant analgesic potential of C. benghalensis and thereby justify its traditional uses in various types of pain.
  M. Muktaruzzaman , M.G. Haider , A.K.M. Ahmed , K.J. Alam , M.M. Rahman , M.B. Khatun , M.H. Rahman and M.M. Hossain
  Salmonella infections are major problems for the poultry farming in Bangladesh. The cultural method to identify avian Salmonella infections is laborious and expensive, thus a rapid, sensitive and cost-effective method for the diagnosis of salmonellosis is anticipated. In the present investigation Salmonella pullorum organisms was obtained from the Department of Pathology and it was characterized by culture, biochemical tests and PCR. A neotetrazolium stained Salmonella pullorum antigen was prepared from local isolate of Salmonella pullorum. The protein concentration of stained antigen was measured by BSA standard curve. Prepared antigen was diluted in 2 fold dilution and minimum 72.5 μg/μl antigen concentration showed the positive reaction. Different preservatives (0.5% phenolized saline, 0.5% formalized saline and 0.09% sodium azide) were used to maintain the shelf life of prepared antigen. All the preservatives showed the similar results up to six months. Slide agglutination tests were carried out with un-diluted and diluted anti-sera having known ELISA titre and end point agglutination titre was determined. Serum titre 13942-21362 gave positive result to 2-5 fold dilution of serum and serum titre 412-771 showed negative result. Different groups of antigens were developed while antigen group-1 (48 h bacterial culture treated with 24 h in neotetrazolium and 2 h in thiomersal) gave the striking positive result. As Group-1 antigen exhibited highest protein concentration (1240 μg/μl) and gave the best result with positive sera, so it was selected for field trial. The seroprevalence of Salmonella infection was 44.39% in a particular poultry farm. The stained antigen was then stored at 4oC. As all used preservatives revealed similar trend of results, so it may be recommend that 0.5% phenolized saline as preservative because it is cost effective. In the present study, the slide agglutination test was found easy, sensitive, reliable, cost and time effective and needed very small amount of antigen, sera and as well as accessories. Salmonella pullorum antigen from a local isolate was successfully developed which could be used to screen the Salmonella infection in the poultry flocks at the farm premises. It may also be used to determine the antibody titer of the vaccinated flocks.
  A.B.M. Shahinuzzaman , A.K. Saha , A.C. Mazumder , S. Das , M.A. Sufian , M.A. Baki and M.M. Hossain
  The research work was conducted to study the sequential pathological changes of Pullorum Disease (PD) and immunohistochemical detection of its causal agent (Salmonella pullorum) in various tissues of experimentally infected chicks. Total 40 day old (D0) chicks were divided into experimental and control groups. The chicks were infected at day 15 (D15) of age by oral route with 1 ml of 2 x 108 CFU of S. pullorum. Chicks were sacrificed at day 1 (D1), day 3 (D3), day 5 (D5), day 7 (D7) and day 9 (D9) of Post Infection (PI) and observed the remarkable gross lesions in liver, lung, heart and cecum. Grossly, liver found fragile (40%) at D7 and D9. Cheesy materials in cecum (20%) showed at D9. The highest reisolation of S. pullorum demonstrated in cecum (68%). Histopathologically, nodular lesion in liver developed at D7 (20%) and D9 (40%). Hepatitis from D1 (20%) and continued upto D9 (60%). Pneumonia and bronchopneumonia along with inflammatory cells in lung were observed at D1 (20%) that continued upto D9 (80%). Spleen showed depletion of lymphocytes at D7 (40%) and D9 (60%). Typhlitis in cecum noticed at D5 (20%) and remained up to at D9 (40%). Congestion and hemorrhage was common in organs at early times and gradually reduced both in grossly and histopathologically thereafter. Immunohistochemistry revealed S. pullorum bacteria in the cytoplasm of hepatocytes of liver, in the cytoplasm of epithelia of cecum (D3, D7) and in the cytoplasm of epithelia of crop (D3).
  M.A.H. Beg , M.A. Baqui , N.R. Sarker and M.M. Hossain
  A total of five-hundred and fifty (550) day-old Cobb-500 broiler chicks were used for a period of six weeks to study the effect of different stocking densities and feeding regime on the performance of broiler chicken. The treatments under stocking densities were D1 (8 bird/m2), D2 (10 bird/m2), D3 (12 bird/m2) and D4 (14 bird/m2). The form of feeds under feeding regime was F1 (mash), F2 (crumble) and F3 (pellet) feeds. The study revealed that the lower stocking density D1 consumed significantly (p<0.05) the highest amount of feed and in terms of feed form F2 group consumed significantly (p<0.05) the highest amount of crumble feed and among the interaction between ‘density x feed’ D2F2 consumed significantly (p<0.05) the highest amount of feed. The average live weight of birds under stocking density D3 was significantly (p<0.05) higher compared to other density groups; there was no significant difference (p<0.05) among the mash, crumble and pellet groups. The interaction between D3F2 was achieved significantly (p<0.05) highest live weight than other treatment groups. Irrespective of feed type, FCR value was significantly better in D4 and D3 (p<0.05) compared to D2 and D1. Similarly irrespective stocking density, crumble feed performed better FCR compared to others and the interaction group D3F2 showed significantly better (p<0.05) FCR compared to other combinations. The birds under lower stocking density D1 consumed significantly (p<0.05) the highest amount of water; but the form of feeds (F1, F2 and F3) had no significant (p<0.05) effect on water intake and the water intake was significantly higher (p<0.05) in D1F1 compared to other treatments. No significant difference (p<0.05) in mortality was found among different stocking densities, feeding regime and different interaction groups. The Benefit Cost Ratio (BCR)/m2 under D3 was significantly (p<0.05) higher compared to others; the F1, F2 and F3 feeds had no significant effect on BCR and D3F2 group was significantly (p<0.05) profitable than other combinations. The dressing % of stocking density D1 and D2 were significantly (p<0.05) higher compared to D3 and D4. No significant difference (p<0.05) in dressing % was found among F1, F2 and F3 feeds, similar results were observed in different carcass parts for stocking density and feed types. Significantly higher (p<0.05) abdominal fat deposition were found higher in D3 and D4. Lower stocking density showed higher dressing percent. The stocking density and feeding regimes had no significant effect on different carcass parts of broiler except higher abdominal fat deposition was found in higher stocking density groups. Finally, it can be concluded that during summer the stocking density 12 bird/m2 fed on crumble feed may be profitable for commercial broiler production up to six weeks in Bangladesh condition.
  M. Abu-Tayyeb , I. Jahan , M.A. Hossain , M.M. Hossain , N. Akter and B.K. Nath
  Objective: This experimental study was conducted to investigate the effects of diets and enzyme supplementation on the live weight (LW), feed intake (FI), feed conversion ratio (FCR), viability, leg bone quality and meat yield traits of broilers. Materials and Methods: In a 2×2 factorial experiment, having two diet types [corn-soya meal (CSM) based and corn-wheat-soya (CWS) based] and two enzymes levels (with or without), Broiler chicks (n = 112; Ross308) were assigned to four dietary treatments (CSM-, CSM+, CWS- and CWS+) with four replicates, seven chicks per replicate in a CRD. The chicks were fed on the ready-made broiler diet up to 25 days, after that formulated diets were supplied the birds ad libitum up to 45 days. All the diets were iso-caloric and iso-nitrogenous in nature and supplemented with or without enzymes in mash form. Results: Data revealed that diets (CSM- and CWS-) had no significant effect (p>0.05) on the LW, FI and FCR of broilers but enzymes (CSM+ and CWS+) increased (p<0.5, p<0.01) the LW and FI on day 45. Enzyme, diet and their interaction had no influence (p>0.05) on the viability, latency-to-sit (LTS), gait-scoring (GS) and bone traits of broilers. Diet and their interaction had no influence (p>0.05) on the bone quality traits of broilers except for enzyme. The mineral concentration (Ca%) and other bone traits were increased (p<0.05) by enzymatic diets. The results of dressing percentage, drumstick weight, thigh weight, breast weight, wing weight, back weight, shank weight and neck weight percentage of broilers were unaffected (p>0.05) by enzyme, diet and their interaction. Enzyme and diet had no influence (p>0.05) over the breast weight but its interaction influenced (p<0.05) the breast weight (%) of birds. Giblet and back weights (%) were influenced (p<0.05) by the diet only. Conclusion: It could be concluded that broilers might respond positively to enzymatic diets at the later stage of production.
  N. Akter , M.S. Islam , M.A. Hossain , I. Jahan , M.H. Ahmad and M.M. Hossain

Objective: The study was conducted to investigate the productivity of broiler fed diet supplemented with L-methionine. Materials and Methods: Day-old broiler chicks (n = 216: Cobb500) were reared from day 1-33 in the battery cages. The chicks were distributed randomly into four treatments, i.e., D0 (DL-Met), D1 (0.20% L-Met), D2 (0.25% L-Met) and D3 (0.30% L-Met) in a CRD. Each treatment was replicated 6 times with 9 birds per replicate. Chicks were fed commercial starter diet ad libitum up to 2 weeks . After that, test diets were supplied throughout the trial period (15-33 day). All the formulated diets were iso-caloric and iso-nitrogenous. Data were collected for feed intake (FI), live weight (LW), feed conversion ratio (FCR) and livability. Visceral organs and ileal samples were collected on day 33 to assess the gut morphology and gastro-intestinal development of broiler. Results: The data revealed that FI (p<0.01) and LW (p<0.05) of broiler were influenced by treatment without affecting the FCR (p>0.05) up to 33 day. Birds fed D3 diet had higher (p<0.038) LW (1996.50.0 g bird1) at the expense of greater FI (3047.40 g bird1) than that of other diets on day 33. The livability (%) of broilers was unaffected (p>0.05) between treatments. No significant (P>0.05) differences were found in the visceral organ weights (small intestine, proventriculus, gizzard, liver, heart, spleen and bursa) of broilers except for pancreas, which was found higher (p<0.029) in the birds fed D3 diet. The data of gut morphology revealed that broiler fed L-Met diets (D2, D3) had increased (p<0.05) villi width, crypt depth and surface area compared to the birds fed D0 and D1 diets. Conclusion: Chick fed diets supplemented with L-Met had better growth response than that of chicks fed diets with DL- Met.

  A.Yousuf Mian , M.M. Rahman , M.A.K. Mian , M.M. Hossain , M. S. Islam and M. Shahidul Islam
  Study the yield of ten new teasle gourd genotypes grown on different trellis with a view to identify a high yielding variety and an acceptable trellis suitable for easy hand pollination. Among ten genotypes developed through inter and intra sexual crosses, the genotypes TG 920722 were found superior and produced significantly higher yield (7.47 kg/plant) than all other genotypes. Different types of trellis e.g. Upright konchee trellis, Flat bamboo trellis and Vertical rope net trellis significantly influenced the yield attributes of teasle gourd genotypes. The vertical rope net trellis gave better results than all other trellis in respect of success of fruit setting, fruit length, fruit diameter, individual fruit weight, number of fruit per plant and fruit yield per plant.
  M.J. Islam , M.G. Rasul , M.A. Kashem , M.M. Hossain , A.A. Liza , M.A. Sayeed and M. Motaher Hossain
  Studies were conducted to investigate impacts of oxytetracycline on Barbonymus gonionotus muscle. Oxytetracycline the most widely used antibiotics, was fed to Barbonymus gonionotus with 4 g kg–1 rate through diet for 45 days. Growth rate was observed for different concentrations of oxytetracycline. Water quality parameters and bacterial quantification were observed for a period of 21 days. Pond water, sediment and fish muscle were tested before and after oxytetracycline medicated feeding. Before feeding of oxytetracycline medicated feed, there was no oxytetracycline in water, sediment and fish muscles. After 2 days of feeding the initial oxytetracycline accumulation was 5070.0 ppb, which reduced considerably to 1190.0 ppb after 20 days from end of medicated diet feeding and not detected after 42 days. Physico-chemical parameters of pond water were determined. Before treatment dissolve oxygen, pH and total hardness of fish pond was 4.516±0.25 mg L–1, 7.413±0.09 and 822.33±1.52 ppm, respectively. After 21 days of study period, reached to 5.27±0.025 mg L–1, 7.773±0.04 and 769.66±2.08 ppm. It indicates a little change after 21 days. Before oxytetracycline treatment, bacterial load in Barbonymus gonionotus pond was 9.417±0.035×103 CFU g–1 in water, 7.31±0.04×107 CFU g–1 in sediment, 6.51±0.04×06 CFU g–1 in fish gills and 8.52±0.035×107 CFU g–1 in fish intestine, which was significantly reduced to 5.28±0.02×103 CFU g–1 in water, 2.91±0.02×107 CFU g–1 in sediment, 2.21±0.02×106 CFU g–1 in gills and 2.39±0.02×107 CFU g–1 in intestine.
  M.M. Hossain , M.N. Hassan and A.AKM. Nowsad
  Sylhet-Sunamgonj region is one of the most important freshwater fish producing areas of Bangladesh. A huge amount of fish is produced in these regions to support local consumption and also export to other countries. The caught fish are not adequately taken care off during harvest and post-harvest handling. So, a serious loss in wet fish occurs. The present study has determined the extent of quality loss in fish value chain in Sylhet-Sunamgonj regions with a view to minimize such losses. Extent of loss in wet fish quality at the stakeholder level during transportation like fish farmer, arotder (commission agent), wholesaler and retailer was assessed. Two big landing centers, one big wholesale markets and one retail market of Sylhet-Sunamgonj region were studied. Data were collected through questionnaire interview along with traveling throughout the distribution channel. A sensory method was used to assess the quality of wet fish. Insufficient icing, mishandling of fish, non-insulated carrying container and lack of awareness were found to be the reasons for the quick quality loss of wet fish in these regions.
  M.A. Rahman , M.A. Rashid , M.M. Hossain , M.A. Salam and A.S.M.H. Masum
  Resistant rootstock of six Solanum species and 21 cultivated eggplant varieties were identified against bacterial wilt and the graft compatibility of eggplant varieties was studied with wild Solanum rootstocks. Solanum torvum and Solanum sisymbriifolium showed resistance against bacterial wilt. Most of the cultivated varieties showed susceptibility against bacterial wilt. Three cultivated eggplant varieties viz. sufala, singnath and uttara were grafted on Solanum torvum and Solanum sisymbriifolium. The highest grafting success was 95% in case of Solanum torvum x sufala and the lowest 85% in Solanum sisymbriifolium x singnath. The success of grafting was not affected significantly due to the effect of scion and rootstocks. The grafted plants showed resistance against the disease while the scion plants showed susceptibility in the sick beds. The grafted plants also showed resistance reaction against the disease in the field conditions. The fruit maturity was delayed due to grafting but grafting at least 15 days prolonged the harvesting period. The grafted plants also out yielded the scion plants. The grafting combination Solanum torvum x sufala gave the highest yield compared with other grafting combinations and non-grafted plants.
  M.M. Hossain , K. Kawai and S. Oshima
  Japanese eel Anguilla japonica were immunized with inactivated Edwardsiella tarda bacterin preparations {formalin-killed cells, FKC (0.4%), formalin with heat-killed cells, FHKC (0.1% and 70°C for 10 min), heat-killed cells, HKC (70°C for 15 min), potassium chloride-killed cells, KKC (0.6%), tannic acid-killed cells, TKC (0.9%), citric acid-killed cells, CAKC (0.9%), pressure-killed cells, PKC (600 psi for 5 min) and electric current-killed cells, ECKC (100 mA at 12 v DC for 5 sec) via intraperitoneal injection in order to develop adequate inactivating method. Immune parameters in the immunized eel were measured to compare responses to different bacterins. Generally, eel rose agglutinating antibody titer in the serum within 2 week and the maximum titer occurred at 6 weeks post immunization. Elevated and significantly higher titer was produced with the PKC of E. tarda than other bacterin preparations. An Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA), to determine specific anti-E. tarda antibody in the serum, also showed significantly higher antibody titer with PKC than the other antigen preparations. Bacteriostatic assay with serum and live E. tarda indicated significantly higher activity in the PKC-immunized fish. Immunization with PKC also showed the increased level of phagocytosis. PKC-inactivated vaccine at an immunization dose of 106 cells/fish induced high protection against experimental infection. Coincident with higher immune parameters and protection in the fish immunized with the PKC bacterin strongly suggested that pressure-killing is an effective inactivating method to develop an effective vaccine against edwardsiellosis.
  K.U. Ahmed , M.M. Rahman , M.Z. Alam , M.M. Hossain and M.G. Miah
  The study of seasonal influence on incidence of trunk borer infestation was undertaken during 2010 at Kapasia upazila under district of Gazipur, Bangladesh. The borer was found in orchard from June to September with a peak emergence in mid July. The larval population of Jackfruit trunk borer is the destructive pest stage, which evokes concern in jackfruit growing areas of Bangladesh. The highest percentage of infestation was in July (7.33%) followed by June and August (6.00%). The cumulative infestation over the year in the study area was 35.33% in October. The lowest infestation was observed in February (0.67%) whereas no activity was found during November to January. The incidence of infestation of trunk borer was influenced by temperature, rainfall and relative humidity due to seasonal variations and their contribution of the regression (R2) were 63, 65 and 31%, respectively. Five independent weather factors in stepwise regression equation pooled responsible for 67.4% of the total variance. Stepwise regression showed that maximum temperature was the most important to influence 35.3% and the influence was lowest (2.1%) in case of average rainfall.
  K.H. Bhuiyan , M.M. Hossain , M.N. Bari and M.R. Khanam
  Bee plants grown in and around Bangladesh Agricultural University campus were identified on the basis of the frequency of visits by the worker bees to the flowers of these plants. All together 29 bee plants were identified in "honey flow season" (December to March). Nine of these plants did not provide pollen and five of them did not provide nectar. Bee plants were 34 in number in "dearth period" (April to July). Of these, 15 plants did not provide pollen and 12 did not supply nectar. Only four bee plants were identified in "extended period" (August to November). Most of them provide only pollen. There were five bee plants, which provide pollen and nectar throughout the year. It was found that on an average drumstick honey contained the highest moisture (26.48%) followed by mustard (25.72%) and black berry (21.94%). The lowest moisture (18.50%) was found in litchi honey. Highest and lowest reducing sugars were obtained in mustard honey and blackberry honey. On the otherhand, litchi honey contained highest (5.50%) non-reducing sugar and mustard honey contained the lowest (4.69%). Total sugar was the highest (72.70%) in mustard honey followed by litchi (70.20%). Ash content was highest (0.54%) in Drumstick honey followed by blackberry and litchi honey.
  M. A. Mannan , A. Begum , M.M. Rahman and M.M. Hossain
  An experiment was carried out with 24 brinjal varieties at the Regional Agricultural Research Station, Jamalpur Bangladesh to find the suitable resistant brinjal variety against brinjal shoot and fruit borer (BSFB), Leucinodes orbonalis Guen. Both in number and weight the brinjal varieties Jumki-1 and Jumki-2 were highly resistant (HR), Islampuri-3, BL-34 and Muktakeshi were fairly resistant (FR), Singnath long and Singnath-4 were tolerant to brinjal shoot and fruit borer. The susceptible varieties were Islampuri-1 and Irribegoon-1. Singnath-3 and Muktakeshi gave the highest yield from three years study and the lowest yield was obtained from Jumki although it was resistant to BSFB.
  K. Azam , M.Z. Basher , M.Y. Ali , M. Asaduzzaman and M.M. Hossain
  Organoleptic, microbiological and biochemical qualities of four dried fish samples (Mugil cephalus, Scoliodonshorrakowah, Harpodon nehereus and Setipinna phasa) were assessed in summer and winter season and their qualities were compared. The organoleptic score of the samples collected in winter were higher than summer season. The standard plate count (SPC) of different samples in summer and winter indicated an acceptable microbial load. Total Coliform (TC) counts of the samples in summer and winter were found to vary between <3 MPN g-1 to 4 MPN g-1 and had no differences except for Mugil cephalus (4 MPN g-1 in winter) and Harpodon nehereus (4 MPN g-1 in summer). Total Coliform (TC) counts of rest of the samples were <3 MPN g-1. The faecal coliform counts of all the samples were also <3 MPN g-1. Vibrio and Salmonella were not detected in any of the four samples. A slight variation was observed in moisture, ash, protein and fat content of the samples in summer and winter. Moisture, ash, protein and fat content of Parshe were higher in summer. In case of Mugil cephalus and Scoliodon shorrakowah, TVB-N was higher in winter than summer. TMA-N content of the two species (Mugil cephalus and Scoliodon shorrakowah) showed a similar pattern to that of TVB-N. TVB-N and TMA-N content of the remaining two species i.e. Harpodon nehereus and Setipinna phasa showed a reverse pattern in comparison to Mugil cephalus and Scoliodon shorrakowah. Mugil cephalus and Harpodon nehereus showed higher pH in winter than summer while, the pH in Scoliodon shorrakowah and Setipinna phasa was higher in summer.
  M. Aktaruzzaman , M.S. Islam , M.M.R. Howlader , M.M. Hossain and M.SD. Islam


Pharmacologia editorial office received a complaint from Batoul Sadat Haerian, Pharmacogenomics Lab, Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia about a plagiarism of her paper published in Pharmacologia Volume 6 Number 5: 149-159, 2015.

On the receipt of her complaint, the case forwarded to the Ethics Committee of the Pharmacologia. As per the report of the Ethics Committee, article entitled “Role of KCN11, Gene Polymorphism and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus” authored by M. Akhtaruzzaman, M.S.Islam, M.M.R.Howlader, M.M.hossain and M.SD. Islam published in Pharmacologia Volume 6 Number 5: 149-159, 2015 contains substantial sections of text that have been taken verbatim from earlier publication without clear and nambiguous attribution. The corresponding author of this article is M.Akhtaruzzaman, Pharmacogenomics Lab., Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Pharmacologia considers misappropriation of intellectual property and duplication of text from other authors or publications without clear and unambiguous attribution totally unacceptable.

Plagiarism is a violation of copyright and a serious breach of scientific ethics. The Editors and Publisher have agreed to officially retract this article.

Pharmacologia is highly thankful to Batoul Sadat Haerian for pointing out this plagiarism.

Detail of the article from which M. Akhtaruzzaman has copied text:
Polin Haghvirdizadeh, Zahurin Mohamed, Nor Azizan Abdullah, Pantea Haghvirdizadeh, Monir Sadat Haerian and Batoul Sadat Haerian,“KCN 11: Genetic Polymorphism and Risk of Diabetes Mellitus” Journal of Diabetes Research, 908-152, 2014.

Final Decision: Ethics Committee strongly condemns the act of plagiarism committed by M.Akhtaruzzaman and suggested to retract the paper immediately and also suggested to communicate this to the higher authorities of the corresponding author for suitable action according to their rules and regulations.

  S. Khanam , M.S. Islam , M. Aktaruzzaman , M.M. Hossain , M.K. Hossain , M.A. Mamun , M. Noor and M.M.R. Howlader
  The study was conducted to evaluate the efficacies of three different commercial anthelmintic containing triclabendazole and nitroxynil against fascioliasis in goat for a period of 28 days by using 20 goats. Among hundred goats, twenty goats were selected for this study which was suffering from liver fluke (Fasciola gigantica) infection and they were marked at the neck by tag. Twenty goats were randomly divided into four groups (A, B, C and D), where each group comprising of five goats. Goats of group A were treated with tablet fasinex (triclabendazole, Novartis Ltd, Bangladesh) orally at the dose rate of 12 mg kg–1 b.wt., group B were treated with acinex (triclabendazole, ACI Ltd, Bangladesh) orally at the dose rate of 12 mg kg–1 b.wt. and group C were treated with nitronex injection (nitroxynil, Renata Ltd, Bangladesh) subcutaneously at the dose rate of 10 mg kg–1 b.wt., Goats of group D was kept as infected control group without giving any treatment. A significant (p<0.01 and p>0.05) reduction of Egg Per Gram (EPG) count was found on 7th, 14th, 21st and 28th days of treated goats of group A, B and C respectively. The EPG count of control group were significantly (p<0.01 and p>0.05) increased 7 day onwards up to experimental period. Reduction of mean EPG on 7th, 14th, 21st and 28th day after treatment in group A, B and C were 81.48, 81.25 and 83.04%, respectively, whereas, in control group the mean EPG were 22.43%. Of the hematological parameters, TEC, Hb and PCV values were lower on day 0 but turned to increase (p<0.01 and p>0.05) on day 28 of the study. On the other hand, ESR and TLC were higher before treatment (day 0) but decreased significantly (p<0.01 and p>0.05) on day 28. The body weight was increased significantly (p<0.01 and p>0.05) after treatments in group A, B and C respectively except untreated control group D. This result may indicate that three different commercial anthelmintic contain triclabendazole and nitroxynil against fascioliasis in goat and nitroxynil have higher efficacies on Egg Per Gram (EPG), hematological parameters and body weight against fascioliasis in goat. Additional detailed studies are required to clarify the current status of the efficacy of the anthelmintic widely used in different agro ecologies, animal species and livestock management systems in Bangladesh.
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