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Articles by M.M. Rashid
Total Records ( 13 ) for M.M. Rashid
  Z.M.A. Hossain , S.M.J. Hossain , M.M. Rashid , N. Sultana and M.H. Ali
  This study intended to investigate the present management condition and to identify the problems related to Milk Production of Private Dairy Farms of the Rangpur Sadar Thana. About 4 month, door-to-door survey was conducted where 100 farm owners were interviewed. From the survey it was reported that 51% farms belongs to business man, 24% to service personnel, 21% related with agriculture and 4% others. The average number of cows per farm was 15.19. Almost all cows in this farm were crossbred. Most of the cowshed was constructed by straw (48%), tin shed house (26%), half building (22%) and only 4% building. Sixty three, 34 and 3% farm had closed, semi-closed and open house, respectively for their animals with 73% proper ventilation and 33% proper drainage system. Ninety-five percent farm was used as untreated straw and the rest treated straw. Fifty one percent of farmers do not opined to grow fodder crops due to lack of land and the rest lack of seed, lacking of knowledge, lack of awareness and others. The most important constraint of dairy farming was scarcity of feeds and fodder, milk marketing facilities and capital. It is expected that if all these facilities are available dairy farming in Rangpur Sadar Thana will be improved.
  S.M.J. Hossain , M.R. Alam , N. Sultana , M.R. Amin and M.M. Rashid
  The study was conducted to investigate milk production performance of Black Bengal goat in different parity reared in semi-intensive system. Twenty five pre-pubertal (6-7 months) female Black Bengal goats were selected on the basis of their phenotypic characteristics and their ancestral history from Goat Development farm, Savar, Dhaka. Milk production records of the Black Bengal goat were recorded from January 2000 to December 2002. During the trial they are allowed to graze and concentrate supplement at the rate of 300, 200 and 100 g d-1 to does bucks and kids respectively. Average litter size in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd parity was 1.08, 1.76 and 1.96, respectively. Total milk yield d-1 in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd parity was 275, 312 and 332 g d-1, respectively. Lactation length and milk yield kg-1 live weight lactation-1 in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd parity were 61.56, 66.4 and 67 days and 1.02, 1.2 and 1.2 kg, respectively. Milk yield lactation-1 was 16.37, 20.86 and 21.8 kg, respectively. Milk production performance of Black Bengal goat was better in 3rd parity than that of the 2nd and 1st parity.
  M.M. Rashid , A.K.F. Hoque and M.S. Iftekhar
  A study of salt tolerance was carried out on seeds of six multipurpose tree species: Acacia auriculiformis A. Cunn. ex. Benth, Albizzia lebbek (L.) Benth, Albizzia saman (Jacq.) F. Muell., Dalbergia sissoo Roxb., Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit and Swietenia macrophylla (R. Vig.) Du Puy and Labat using fresh water and salt (NaCl) solutions of 7.5, 15 and 22.5 mmhos cm-1. Effect of salt on germinative energy, germination period and the reduction of germination with increasing levels of salt have been examined. It was found that germination period and germinative energy are reduced with increasing salinity and the germination trends change. Based on the observation, salt tolerance of the species has been determined and Al. lebbek has shown the best capacity to germinate at different salinity condition.
  M.S. Sultana , F. Kabir , M.S. Islam , M.M. Rashid and A.I. Akon
  The study was designed to assess the comparative profitability of selected winter vegetables like potato, cauliflower and tomato. To achieve this objective, total of 75 farmers, 25 producing potato, 25 producing cauliflower and 25 producing tomato were selected. For this purpose, Cobb-douglas production function model was used. Per hectare total cost of production of potato, cauliflower and tomato were 51396.79, 64406.06 and 61663.87 TK., respectively and the corresponding gross incomes were 99401.44, 119165.12 and 93442.24 TK., respectively. The estimated net return of producing potato, cauliflower and tomato were 48004.65, 54759.06 and 31778.37 TK., respectively. For producing the three alternate winter vegetables net return was the highest for cauliflower followed by potato and tomato. It was also found that there was a large variation of yield in producing these winter vegetables among different categories of farms. In the case producing potato and cauliflower, per hectare yield was the highest for small farms followed by medium and large farms. On the other hand in the case of tomato per hectare yield was the highest (48164.50 kg) for large farms followed by medium (47444.10 kg) and small farms (46143.00 kg). It is concluded that production of cauliflower is more profitable than that of others.
  N. Sultana , M.M. Rashid and S.M.J. Hossain
  The study has been conducted to compare the productive and reproductive performances of indigenous and crossbred cows. Fifty small diary farms were taken covering 8 Thanas of Jessore and a random sample of 75 cows. Statistical analysis showed significant differences (P<0.01) within the age at puberty, service per conception, calving interval, milk yield and lactation length of different types of dairy cows. In case of gestation length, there were no significant (P>0.05) differences. Shortest age of puberty (6.42 days) and highest service per conception (2.43) were found for Friesian cross. There was no difference in the gestation length (278 days) of the four crosses. The highest value (278 days) was observed in indigenous cow. Friesian cross were observed to have the lowest calving interval (414 days). The highest daily milk yield (7.2 liter) were observed in Friesian cross. Considering above parameters except service per conception, Friesian cross cows were more profitable, acceptable and highest producers than others.
  M.A. Khan , M.M. Rashid , M.A. Siddique , M.R. Amin and M.S. Rahman
  The present study was carried out through the period of 1999-2000, to investigate the future prospects of orange cultivation in the Panchagarh region of Bangladesh. The study revealed that the Panchagarh district is endowed with favorable environmental conditions for the growth and development of sweet orange/ mandarin production.
  M.M. Rashid , M.Z. Alam , M. Mofazzel Hossain , M. Ibrahim and M.H. Kabir
  The present study was carried out to investigate indirect damage of guava leaf in the form of wax and honeydew covering by the spiraling whitefly (Aleurodicus dispersus) was investigated in a guava orchard, Mymensingh, Bangladesh. Extent of leaf damage in twigs of different strata indicated that the upper most twigs had minimum wax and honeydew-covered leaves than the other twigs of guava plants. The results of the study on variation of leaf damage in different leaf position of twig showed that at early attacking stage the mean percentage of wax and honeydew covered leaves, was significantly higher in upper leaf position than in the middle and the lower leaf position and had the lowest level of whitefly infestation in the lower leaf position of the guava twigs. Results showed that with the build up of population in the month of December and January, wax and honeydew covered leaves were more in middle leaf position. The lower wax and honeydew covering in upper position were recorded in the later months due to rain and rapid growth of new flush, which remained non-infested.
  M.Z. Alam , M.A.A. Bhuiya , M.A. Muttaleb and M.M. Rashid
  A pot experiment in glasshouse was conducted with a single salinity level of 10.5 dS m-1 to study the effect of alternating saline and non-saline conditions on emergence and seedling growth of two rice cultivars (IR8 and V3) differing in salt tolerance. A split-plot design was used with three replications. The results demonstrated that rice seedlings, 1 to 3 weeks after emergence, proved to be very salt-sensitive. There was about 80% reduction in stand establishment in 10.5 dS m-1 salt (about 115 mM ) imposed for just one week. Maintaining rice seeds in saline conditions from seeding resulted in 50-70% initial seedling emergence. However, most seedlings then died within 14 days and by 42 days, only 5% or less survived. Though substantial differences existed between cultivars during germination and emergence, cultivar differences during post-emergence growth were minimal. Little improvement in stand establishment and seedling growth was achieved by ameliorating an initial exposure to salt by transferring to water after 21-35 days. The results demonstrated a gradual decrease in seedling mortality with later exposure to salt. There was little effect on stand establishment and other plant growth parameters when saline solution was introduced 35 days from seeding. Tolerance to a given salt concentration during germination and emergence of rice was not accompanied by the plants tolerance to that particular salt concentration at later stages of growth.
  M. H. Ali , M.A.S. Khan , M.N.Islam , M.K.I. Khan , M.M. Rashid and M. J. Khatun
  The study was undertaken to compare the productive and reproductive performance of crossbred and indigenous cows as well as the relative profitability of crossbred and indigenous cows under small holder dairy farming. From this study it was seen that the milk yield and lactation period were 4.10 litre/day and 266 day respectively in crossbred and 2.28 litre/day and 220 days respectively in indigenous cows. The variation in the length of post partum heat period and calving to first services were not statistically significant between the crossbred and indigenous cows. The length of calving interval were statistically significant be to crossbred and indigenous cows. Among the costs (Feed cost, housing cost labor cost, housing cost labor cost, treatment cost and A.I. charge), except the housing costs all costs were statistically significant (p<0.01) between the crossbred and indigenous cows. The returns (sale proceeds of milk, value of cowdung, value of calf and price of empty gunny bags) of the crossbreds were higher than the indigenous cows.
  M.M. Hossain , M.M. Hossain , M.M. Rashid , M. Asaduzzaman and M.M. Rahman
  The present study was assigned to determine the present status including general information, feeding breeding housing milking etc. and costs & returns of small dairy farms, to compare the productive and reproductive performance of crossbred and indigenous cows and to make recommendation for development of small scales dairy farm. With this view, the empirical data were collected by using protested questionnaire. The study was conducted at 8 thanas in Rangpur district, and four months-long survey was diminished on thirty small dairy owners. It appeared from the study that 57% farm owners belong to business class and remaining 43 per cent to different categories. Fifty three per cent took dairying as a side-business whereas only 47 per cent took it as a main business enterprise. Major percentage of farm owner education level that was Higher Secondary level (60%) and the average number of animal per farm was 13.01. The average monthly income of farm owners found in the study area was Tk. 4387. It was observed that farm owners had 85.4% crossbred (like Friesian cross and Jersey cross) and was 14.6% indigenous cattle, and 87% farmers used artificial insemination and rest used both artificial and natural services. Daily milk yield/cow/farm was 4.27 and 1.78 liters for a crossbred and indigenous dairy cow, respectively. It was estimated that the rearing cost of dairy cow was Tk. 67.5/cow/day and return from rearing dairy cow was Tk. 85.2/cow/day. The net return was Tk. 17.7/cow/day from crossbred in the study area and cost benefit ratio was 1: 1.26. The study showed that there were significant (P<0.01) differences within the dry period, service per conception, calving to first service, highest and lowest milk production and lactation period of crossbred and indigenous dairy cows. The study also showed non-significant differences within calving interval for crossbred and indigenous. Incase of small dairy farming, the farms were facing a lot of problems such as scarcity of feeds and fodder, high price of concentrate and lack of technical knowledge. Although the dairy cow owners face problems, the study observed that there were potentials particularly for the small dairy farmers. The small farmers by keeping 8-10 crossbred cows could earn a modest living by adopting small dairy farming as a profession.
  S.C. Mondal , M.M. Alam , M.M. Rashid , M.Y. Ali and M.M. Hossain
  The study was conducted at Bangladesh Agricultural University Dairy Farm for a period of six months. A total of 164 dairy cows belongs to different breeds, such as Jersey cross, Sahiwal cross, Sindhi cross, Holstein cross and Red Chittagong cows were selected and their information regarding milk production and other reproductive parameters were collected from farm records for a period of last five years (1993-1997). The number of animals of each of the genotypic classes were 48 for Jersey cross, 46 for Sahiwal cross, 35 for Sindhi cross, 20 for Holstein cross and 15 for Red-Chittagong. Significant difference was found within the milk yield (p<0.01), calving interval (p<0.05) and birth weight of calves (p<0.01) of different types of dairy cows. In case of lactation length, gestation length and service per conception, there were no significant differences (p>0.05). Highest milk yield (3.20 lit/day), highest birth weight of calves (15.2 kg) and lowest calving interval (414 days) were observed for Holstein cross. The lowest milk yield (2.46 lit/day) and lowest birth weight of calves were found in Red-Chittagong cows. Production performance of Holstein crossbred were superior to other dairy crossbreds. Jersey crossbred ranked second and performances of other genotypes were nearly similar.
  M.M. Rashid , B.C. Roy , M. Asaduzzaman and M.M. Alam
  This study was conducted to know the management system, to determine cost and benefit, to identify constrains and to make recommendations for development of such small dairy farms in Jessore District. From this study, it was revealed that the milch cow per farm was 5.12 and average milk yield per day per cow was 5.78 liter. Cows were inseminated 76% by artificially and 24% by both natural and artificial means. About 68% roughage was used as dry and the rest used as green grass. Fifty four percent, 24% and 22% farms had semi pucca, kacha and pucca houses, respectively for their animals with 90% proper ventilation and 66% proper drainage system. Milking done by male 76%, female 20% and both 4%. Milk was sold to neighbors, vendors, restaurants and sweet makers. The average market price of milk per liter was Tk. 14.32. The average production cost per cow per year was Tk.. 17,790.83. Feed cost was Tk.. 14,024.54, which was 78.83% of production cost. On the basis of some problems reported by farm owners, some recommendations are made for sound dairy development in the study area.
  M.A. Azim , M.M. Rashid , M.M. Rahman , M.M. Alam and Jharna Begum
  The present study was assigned to asses the nutritional status of individuals and household level, to measure food intake and to find out the socio-economic condition of rural household relating to nutritional status. The study was a cross sectional field survey, where samples were enrolled conveniently and random and which was conducted in a village Jugitola a less agri-based community of Gazipur District. With this view, the empirical data were collected by using pre-tested questionnaires. Socio-economic and dietary data were collected by recalling from 12 households with a total of 75 members. It was found that the average family size, land holding capacity, homestead gardening and monthly family income per household were 6 numbers, 68 decimal, 11 decimal and Tk. 6,194, respectively. The average food expenditure per household was Tk. 3387. The average non-food expenditure was Tk. 860 per family per month. Dependency ratio 1:3 was observed in about half of the families. No mal-nourished children aged under 5 years was found. It was observed that land holding, household size and income were not a factor to develop mal-nourished women. Most of the people of the survey area consumed more cereal compared to Anim. food and also consumed less amount of leafy vegetable. The per capita intake of protein, Vit.A and riboflavin is much lower than requirement. The largest part of the energy comes from cereals in rural areas. The mother consumed less amount of every type of food than other members of the family, but both the mother and children get less amount of energy than they need.
 
 
 
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