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Articles by M.M. Moeini
Total Records ( 2 ) for M.M. Moeini
  A. Karimi , H. Karami Shabankareh and M.M. Moeini
  This study was carried out to evaluate the effects of different levels of GnRH in different days of reproductive cycle on progesterone concentration in dairy heifers. Two hundred heifers were divided into ten experimental treatment: control group with no injection 1) administration of 2.5 mL Gonadorelin (a GnRH analogue) in day of insemination 2) administration of 5 mL GnRH in day of insemination 3) administration of 10 mL GnRH in day of AI insemination 4) administration of 2.5 mL GnRH in day 5 post-insemination 5) administration of 5 mL GnRH in day5 post-insemination 6) administration of 10 mL GnRH in day5 post-insemination 7) administration of 2.5 mL GnRH in day 12 post-insemination 8) administration of 5 mL GnRH in day 12 post-insemination 9) administration of 10 mL GnRH in day 12 post-insemination. Blood samples were collected in days 0, 5, 12 and 19 post insemination (AI = Day 0) for analysis of serum P4 concentration. There was no significant difference among experimental groups on day of insemination. Evaluation of P4 concentration on day 19 illustrated differences in progesterone concentration between groups on day 19 post-insemination. P4 concentration of serum in the day 19 post-insemination significantly increased in groups either by 5 or 10 mL injection of GnRH whether in day 5 or 12 post-insemination versus control group (9.24±2.2, 8.6±1.96, 9.43±2.15 and 9.42±2.14 versus 5.5±0.8, respectively; p<0.05). GnRH administration in the day 5 and 12 post-AI significantly increased progesterone concentration that may decline early embryonic death and improve pregnancy rate.
  M.M. Moeini , A.A. Moghaddam and H. Hajarian
  A trial was conducted to evaluate the effects of FGA (Fluorogestone acetate) and CIDR (Controlled internal drug release) on the induction of estrus and pregnancy and fecundity rates of the Sanjabi and Lori sheep. A total of 360 Sanjabi and Lori sheep were randomly grouped into two treatments with intravaginal devices inserted for 13 days: Group FGA (40 mg FGA, n = 180) and Group CIDR (n = 180). All ewes received an i.m. injection of 400 IU eCG (equine chorionic gonadotrophin) at devices removal. Estrous was assessed by exposing all ewes to vasectomized rams at 12 h intervals. Cervical artificial insemination was performed 12 h after estrus onset. The overall estrus response was 72.5%. The source of progestin did not influence the efficiency of estrus response but a significant difference (p<0.05) was found between the breed groups (Lori: 88.6%, Sanjabi: 58.3%). Among the sheep that received either CIDR or FGA, estrus response was significantly (p<0.05) higher in the Lori (CIDR: 82.2%, FGA: 91.1%) than in the Sanjabi (CIDR: 64.4%, FGA: 52.2%) breed. The lambing and fecundity rates for all groups were 60.2% and 1.2±0.03, respectively. No significant differences in term of the lambing and fecundity rates were recorded between CIDR and FGA groups and among Lori and Sanjabi breed. The results of this study indicate the source of progestin or sheep breed did not influence the pregnancy and fecundity rates. The sheep breed influences the estrous response rate while the source of progestin did not affect the estrous response.
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