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Articles by M.K. Ajala
Total Records ( 3 ) for M.K. Ajala
  O.S. Lamidi , O.O. Olabode , C.B.I. Alawa , P.P. Barje and M.K. Ajala
  Study to determine the quantity and quality of over night faeces produced by Bunaji cattle was carried out in the Northern Guinea Savanna zone of Nigeria. There was no significant difference (p>0.05) in faecal output between the bulls and the cow. Non-supplement cow produced 1.62 and 1.60 kg dry faeces day-1 during the wet and dry season respectively. The corresponding values for the bulls are 1.68 and 1.66 kg dry faeces day-1. Supplemented cow voided about 2.08 and 1.98 kg dry faeces during the wet and dry season while the bulls produced 2.13 and 2.05 kg dry faeces head-1 day-1. Supplementation of the cattle significantly increased the quantity of faeces produced by 21.68 and 19.35% during the wet and dry respectively. Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium content of the faeces from non supplemented cattle are 1.79, 0.46 and 0.65%, the corresponding value for the supplemented cattle are 2.27, 0.52 and 0.74%. Adult Bunaji cattle grazing the native range or crop residue without any form of supplementation produced 598.26 kg dry faeces year-1. This contained 13.56 kg N, 4.10 kg P and 3.86 kg K. With supplementation, the yearly faecal output increased to 751.9 kg and the corresponding N, P and K value were 17.56, 5.53 and 3.87 kg. Fertilizer cost for crop production can be significantly reduced if cow faeces are properly harnessed into the cropping system.
  G.S. Bawa , S.O. Ajide , I.A. Adeyinka and M.K. Ajala
  A study using 72 weaner rabbits, with an average initial weight of 276±2.16 g was conducted to determine the effects of varying levels of groundnut haulms (GNH) and cowpea shells (CPS) on their performance and nutrient utilization. The rabbits were assigned to 6 dietary treatments based on their initial live weights. There were 12 individually caged animals per treatment. The diets designated as diets 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 contained 20% GNH + 0% CPS; 15% GNH + 15 CPS; 5% GNH + 15% CP and 0% GNH + 20% CPS, respectively. Diet 1 without groundnut haulms (GNH) and cowpea shell (CPS) served as the control. Water and feed were provided ad libitum. At the end of the 56 day feeding period, faeces were collected for 7 days for digestibility trial. The results showed that there were significant differences (p<0.05) in final live weight, feed intake, weight gain, feed conversion ratio, cost per kg gain and carcass characteristics across dietary treatments. Nutrients digestibilities were significantly (p<0.05) affected by treatments with diet 2 having the highest nutrients digestibilities and diet 6, the lowest. Based on the overall performance of the animals, the diet containing 20% GNH + 0% CPS is recommended for optimum performance of weaner rabbits. However, it was concluded that where both GNH and CPS are in abundance, especially at harvesting period, a combination of 15% GNH + 5% CPS (diet 3) and or 10% GNH + 10 CPS (diet 4) could be recommended for weaner rabbits.
  M.K. Ajala , O.S. Lamidi and S.M. Otaru
  A survey to assess the production pattern of peri-urban small ruminants` production in Northern Guinea Savanna zone of Nigeria was conducted by means of structured questionnaires. A total of 120 respondents were randomly selected for the study. Statistical analyses were accomplished by means of descriptive statistics. Findings of the study indicated that a high proportion of the respondents involved in small ruminants production were in their middle age, mostly illiterate but are highly experienced in small ruminant production. Most of the respondents (92%) kept the indigenous breed of small ruminants. Management system was mostly extensive. Analysis revealed that in small ruminant flocks, females constituted more than 70% of the flock. Litter sizes for sheep and goats were 1.23 and 1.47, parturition intervals were 246 and 234 days, respectively. The average age at first oestrus was 248 days in sheep and 224 days in goats. Mortality, management system, oestrus detection, timeliness of mating contributed to low reproductive performance. Small ruminants production would be enhanced if adequate attention is paid to the removal of identified constraints to production.
 
 
 
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