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Articles by M.I. Anya
Total Records ( 3 ) for M.I. Anya
  M.I. Anya and A.A. Ayuk
  Genetic selection of farm animals can lead to a reduction in genetic diversity through the elimination of individual or populations deemed to be undesirable. Genetic diversity is the basis for population change through selection and any reduction in diversity reduces the potential for future genetic change. Climate change would have great impact on animal production systems in the near future, as such the conservation of genetic diversity would form a basis for mitigation measures. Genetic diversity would increase the chances that animal populations exist and could be selected to suit the present and future environmental changes due to climate change. It is more pressing than ever to put in place strategies that would ensure the sustainable use of animal genetic resources and limit biodiversity erosion.
  M.I. Anya , N.I. Ofem , W.B. Binang and E.P. Umoren
  Globally, agriculture is widely accepted as one of the sectors at most risk from climate change challenges. Due to impacts of increased temperatures, reduced rainfall and increased frequency of variation in extreme events especially in the tropics. Agriculture is central to the food security and economic growth of developing nations, providing the main source of livelihood for the world’s poor. Climate change will impact significantly on food security. It will affect food production and availability, the stability of food supplies, access to food and food utilization. However, the poorest farmers are the most vulnerable and the most challenged to the impacts of climate change. Africa is the region with greatest risk of increased hunger and threatened livelihoods due to climate change. This study briefly reviews the potential impact of climate change on food security in reducing by half the proportion of people suffering from hunger by 2015.
  M.I. Anya , Ausaji A. Ayuk , Etido P. Umoren and Emmanuel O. Lifu
  Livestock farming is one of the most important sub-sectors of the agricultural economy of developing nations. In Africa, Mobile-Livestock Keeping (MLK) or pastoralism is crucial to generating livelihoods and food security for some large population of the people particularly in the arid part of the continent. With rapid urbanization coupled with the population growth rate, the demand for livestock products far outstrips supply. This scenario if not checked may imply more expensive food that may not be economically feasible. Climate change, however adds to this national challenge facing MLK. It impacts on livestock production systems and in turn livestock farming impacts on climate change. This study tends to review the complex interaction between MLK and climate change and proposes some strategies that could pave the way forward and help sustain MLK as a key feature of most rural livelihoods in Africa.
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