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Articles by M.F. Imam
Total Records ( 2 ) for M.F. Imam
  M.A. Awal , M.E. Haque and M.F. Imam
  The study estimates the growth rates of frozen food, shrimp and fish export and instability of export earnings. The study evaluates the export marketing of frozen food, shrimp and fish by using time series aggregated data from the year of 1972-73 to 2003-04. The growths of frozen food were 57, 4 and 9% during period I, II and III, respectively. The export growth rate of shrimp was 54% in period I and 14 and 10% in the period II and III, respectively. The overall estimated shrimp export growth was 22%. The growth rates of fish export earning during period I, II and III were 6, 6 and 7%, respectively. The negative fluctuations in frozen food were more deep during 1974-75 (-67%), 977-78 (19%) and 1980-81(14%). The large positive deviations were observed during 2002-03 (52%), 973-74 (28%) and 1978-79 (13%). The negative fluctuation of shrimp export earnings more deep during 1974-75 (-65%), 977-78 (-20%) and 2001-02 (-14%) and positive deviations were in 2002-03 (53%), 973-74 (25), 976-77 and 2000-01 (15%) and 1978-79 (13%). The positive fluctuations of fish export earnings were in 1973-74 (64%), 985-86 (61%) and 1975-76 (54%) and negative fluctuations in the year 1976-77 (-85%), 984-85 (-46%) and 2001-02(-27%). The contribution of shrimp sector to our total export earnings was 5% in 2003-04 and insignificant share of only 0.84% in the year 1972-73. It was revealed that the present circumstances of this sector demands different institutional supports desperately from different angles to enhance the marketing activities and to strengthen the competitive position in the international market with a view to ensuring more contribution to our economy from the aforementioned.
  M.E. Haque , M.F. Imam and M.A. Awal
  The study was to develop models that could be used to make efficient forecast of shrimp and frozen food export earning of Bangladesh. Two types of models, namely, Box-Jenkins type autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) and deterministic type growth models, are examined to identify the best forecasting models for shrimp and frozen food export earning of Bangladesh. The study found that the ARIMA (2,2,0) was the best for both shrimp and frozen food export earning. Among the deterministic type models, the quadratic model is best for both the series. The study also reveals that the ARIMA model is more efficient for short-term forecasting than the quadratic model.
 
 
 
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