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Articles by M.E. Abo
Total Records ( 5 ) for M.E. Abo
  Y. Sere , A. Onasanya , F.E. Nwilene , M.E. Abo and K. Akator
  The study aimed to investigate the potential of insect vector Rice yellow mottle virus (RYMV) cultivar screening method. Screening rice cultivars against RYMV under artificial conditions is usually carried out inside the screen house by mechanical inoculation of RYMV isolates. Such an approach may be highly criticized as not fully representative of how RYMV disease is spread or transmitted under field conditions. Consequently, the potential of three RYMV insect vectors, Oxya hyla, Locris rubra and Chnootriba similes, was evaluated in comparing the cultivar screening method with mechanical transmission using eight differential rice genotypes against a highly virulent RYMV Nigerian isolate. The study revealed that each of the three insect vector methods is different from the mechanical transmission method and all methods screened rice cultivars in the same way. This study revealed the potential of the insect vector screening method to provide a basis not only for the development of durable resistant cultivars to RYMV disease but also for further investigation on vectors, virus and rice plants interaction.
  J.T. Onwughalu , M.E. Abo , J.K. Okoro , A. Onasanya and Y. Sere
  The study on the resistance of Gigante, Moroberekan and Bouake 189 rice varieties was investigated against the Rice yellow mottle virus (RYMV) infection relative to time of infection under screenhouse controlled condition. Rice varieties, Moroberekan, Gigante and Bouake 189, were inoculated with RYMV isolate at seedling, tillering, booting and flowering growth stages. Gigante, Moroberekan and Bouake 189 gave mean yield losses of 12.68, 78.06 and 94.4%, respectively at booting and seedling infection stages. The No. of grains plant-1 is mostly affected at booting infection stage in Bouake 189 and at seedling infection stage in Moroberekan. No significant difference in No. of empty spikelets plant-1 due to infection at different growth stages among the three varieties. Plant height was significantly affected by virus infection at seedling stage of the three varieties and other growth stages of Bouake 189. The highest yield loss of 94.4% obtained in Bouake 189 at seedling and booting infection stages establishes the fact that yield losses to RYMV are strongly influenced by host cultivars as well as time of virus infection. The study revealed that the period from seedling and booting represents the most vulnerable phase to RYMV infection in rice growth stages. This information would strongly assist breeding programmes in the development of durable resistant rice cultivars to RYMV disease.
  Y. Sere , A. Onasanya , K. Akator , A. Afolabi and M.E. Abo
  Serological diversity of 178 RYMV isolates was determined by phylogenetic analysis of Serological Differentiation Indices (SDI) data generated from antigen coated-plate enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ACP-ELISA) using 26 RYMV Polyclonal antisera. These RYMV isolates were obtained from northern, southern, eastern and western Cote d`Ivoire. All the RYMV isolates was classified into three main serogroups (Sg1, Sg2 and Sg3) and six subgroups (Sg1a, Sg1b, Sg2a, Sg2b, Sg3a and Sg3a). This indicates the existence and levels of serodiversity among RYMV isolates in Cote d`Ivoire. These results provide evidence of a possible relationship between serological property, host plant and ecological origin of RYMV isolates. Phylogenetic classification of each RYMV isolate defined by SDI data in ACP-ELISA is potentially useful in epidemiological studies to assess isolate identity and interaction as well as to assist breeding programs aiming at the development of cultivars with durable resistant to RYMV in Cote d`Ivoire.
  F.E. Nwilene , A.K. Traore , A.N. Asidi , Y. Sere , A. Onasanya and M.E. Abo
  The study aimed to investigate the vectorial capacity of twelve insect species to transmit Rice Yellow Mottle Virus (RYMV) from diseased seedlings of a susceptible rice variety (Bouaké 189) and a perennial wild rice (Oryza longistaminata) to seven alternative host plants. Results indicated that Trichispa sericea, Chaetocnema pulla, Chnootriba similis, Conocephalus longipennis, Oxya hyla, Paratettix sp., Zonocerus variegatus, Euscyrtus sp., Cofana spectra, Cofana unimaculata, Locris rubra and Locris maculata were capable of transmitting RYMV from infected Bouaké 189 and Oryza longistaminata to alternative weed hosts Leersia hexandra, Imperata cylindrica, Digitaria horizontalis, Echinochloa colona, Echinocloa crus-pavonis, Eleusine indica and Brachiaria lata. Only Chaetocnema pulla, Trichispa sericea, Chnootriba similis, Oxya hyla, Zonocerus variegatus, Euscyrtus sp., Parattetix sp., Cofana spectra, Cofana unimaculata and Locris rubra played an important role in transmitting the disease from rice to O. longistaminata, Leersia hexandra and Imperata cylindrica. The present study confirmed the vectorial capacity of these vectors out of which eight were reported for the first time in West Africa.
  J.T. Onwughalu , M.E. Abo , J.K. Okoro , A. Onasanya and Y. Sere
  The study on Rice yellow mottle virus (RYMV) infection and reproductive losses in rice was carried out under screenhouse condition in Nigeria. Thirty-five rice varieties were evaluated for RYMV resistance. Percent productive tillers, date to 50% flowering and percent spikelets fertility per plant were between 43.2-96.7%, 57.67-112 days and 0-71.8%, respectively. Number of panicles per plant, number of grains per panicle and 1000 grain weight per plant were between 8.33-45.67, 0-77 and 0-27.57 g, respectively. Yield losses of between 17-100% were obtained from all the rice varieties evaluated. Out of the 35 rice varieties studied, only Gigante (18%), Moroberekan (19%) and NERICA-L 42 (32%), have the least yield losses and RYMV resistance characteristics. The three varieties (Gigante, Moroberekan and NERICA-L 42) are known to possess stable resistance characteristic to RYMV disease and will comparatively be suitable for cultivation in areas where RYMV incidence is endemic and on a long term be used by rice breeders as sources for breeding for durable resistance to RYMV disease in Nigeria.
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