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Articles by M.A. Zazouli
Total Records ( 4 ) for M.A. Zazouli
  M.A. Zazouli , M. Ulbricht , S. Nasseri and H. Susanto
  Antibiotics such as amoxicillin and cephalexin are a group of pharmaceutical compounds in human medicine practice that have been entered in water bodies. Presence of these compounds in the environment has raised concerns regarding the toxicity to aquatic organisms and the emergence of strains of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Removal of these substances before entering the aquatic environment as well as water reuse plant is very important. The objective of this investigation was to evaluate the impact of hydrophilic and hydrophobic fractions of Natural Organic Matter (NOM) on the removal efficiency of cephalexin and amoxicillin, by using two different commercially available composite NF membranes (TFC-SR2 and TFC-SR3). In addition, the effect of NOM fractions on retention mechanism and permeates flux behavior was studied. Amoxicillin and cephalexin were used as models of antibiotics; alginate and humic acid were used as models of hydrophilic and hydrophobic fractions of NOM, respectively. It was observed that the rejection and permeate flux of amoxicillin and cephalexin were influenced by the membrane characteristics and properties of NOM. The results showed that as the alginate proportion was increased, the rejection improved. The permeate flux decreased with increasing alginate ratio. It was observed that the rejections of amoxicillin and cephalexin in TFC-SR2 were >97.3% and >95.8% in all experiments, respectively. In TFC-SR3, the rejection percentage were (95.9%-100%) and (86.1%-96.3%), respectively. Alginate and humic acid had synergistic effect on flux decline. In other words, increasing alginate concentration increased the rate and extent of flux reduction.
  Z. Yousefi and M.A. Zazouli
  The main objectives of present research were to determine heavy metals (Ni, Cd, Cr, Zn and Cu) and COD concentration in raw leachate in Esfahan (Iran) composting plant and to examine the application of coagulation-flocculation process for the treatment of raw leachates. Jar-test experiments were employed in order to determine the optimum conditions (effective dosage and optimum pH) for the removal of COD and heavy metals. Alum (aluminum sulphate) and Ferric chloride were tested as conventional coagulants. Ten times had taken sampling from leachates as standard methods in the composting plant prior to composting process. The results showed that Leachate pH was 4.3-5.9 and the average was 4.98±0.62. The concentration of Leachate pollutants were more than effluent standard limits (Environment protection Agency). And also the results indicated, Cd and Zn with concentration 0.46±0.41 and 5.81±3.69 mg L-1, had minimum and maximum levels, respectively. The results of coagulation and flocculation tests showed that in optimum conditions, the removal efficiency of heavy metals and COD by using alum were 77-91 and 21%, respectively. While removal of heavy metals and COD by ferric chloride were 68-85.5% and 28%, respectively. Also the residues of heavy metals after treatment get to under of standard limits of Iran EPA. The results have indicated optimum pH of two coagulants for leachate treatment was 6.5 and 10 and also effective coagulant dosages were 1400 and 1000 mg L-1 for alum and ferric chloride, respectively. In view of economical, ferric chloride is cost benefit. The physico-chemical process may be used as a useful pretreatment step, especially for fresh leachates.
  M.A. Zazouli , S. Nasseri , A.H. Mahvi , A.R. Mesdaghinia , M. Younecian and M. Gholami
  The aim of this research was to determine hydrophobic and hydrophilic fractions of Natural Organic Matter (NOMs) in drinking water Sources of Tehran. Water sampling was conducted monthly from Aug 2006 to Jan 2007 in two drinking water treatment plants (Jalalieh and Tehranpars) in Tehran. Quantitative parameters of pH, EC, UV254 and DOC were studied based on standard methods. The XAD-7 resin method was used for fractionation of NOM. Results showed that NOM concentrations in Jalalieh and Tehranpars water treatment plants were 2.47 and 1.63 mg L-1, respectively. The mean of total percent of HPO (hydrophobic) and HPI (hydrophilic) fractions were about 41 and 59%, respectively. Since the hydrophobic NOM fraction exhibits higher trihalomethane formation potential (THMFP) than hydrophilic NOM, Tehran water chlorination exhibits higher THMFP than halo acetic acid formation potential (HAAFP). The information obtained from this study may be further employed in the design of the control technique and management strategies for the water treatment plant, especially for DBPs reduction.
  M.A. Zazouli , S. Nasseri , A.H. Mahvi , A.R. Mesdaghinia and M. Gholami
  Natural Organic Matters (NOMs) are abundant in natural water resources and in many ways may affect the unit operations in water treatment. Although, NOMs are considered harmless but they have been recognized disinfection by-products precursors (DBPs) during the chlorination process. Formation of DBPs highly depends on the composition and concentration of NOM, which can be broadly divided into two fractions of hydrophobic (humic) and hydrophilic (non-humic) substances. The objective of this study was to determine Natural organic matter and its fractions concentration in the surface water sources of Tehran. Water sampling was conducted monthly between May to July 2006 in three rivers Lar, Jajrood and Karaj as the main drinking water supplying sources in Tehran. Quantitative parameters of pH, EC, UV254 and DOC were studied based on to standard methods. The XAD-7 resin method was used for fractionation of NOM. Results showed that NOM concentrations in Lar, Jajrood and Karaj rivers were 8.53, 12.9 and 11.3 mg L-1, respectively. The HPO (hydrophobic) fraction was predominant compared to the HPI (hydrophilic) fraction in the all of water samples. The mean of total percent of HPO and HPI fractions were about 57 and 43%, respectively. Since the hydrophobic NOM fraction exhibits higher trihalomethane formation potential (THMFP) than hydrophilic NOM, Tehran water chlorination exhibits higher THMFP than haloacetic acid formation potential (HAAFP). The information obtained from this study may be further employed in the design of the control technique and management strategies for the water treatment plant, especially for DBPs reduction.
 
 
 
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