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Articles by M.A. Hamid
Total Records ( 6 ) for M.A. Hamid
  M.A. Hamid , S. Ahmed , M.A. Rahman and K.M. Hossain
  The present study attempts to examine the scenario of buffalo production in SAARC countries. The buffalo plays a very important role in the SAARC countries which constitutes 73.77% of world buffalo population. The SAARC region has a great biodiversity of buffalo germplasm, including the world famous buffaloes Murrah and Nili-Ravi-renowned for high milk production potential. The SAARC countries share 93.19% of world buffalo milk production where India and Pakistan contributes 67.99 and 23.96%, respectively. About 71.4% of world buffalo meat is produced in South Asian countries. Although, buffalo is an essential part of livestock in SAARC countries, it has never been addressed in Bangladesh and always neglected despite their important role in the national economy. In Bangladesh, the total buffalo population are 1.457 million heads that are managed in household subsistance farming and extensive bathan farming in saline coastal region that are used as a draught animal and partially for milk and meat production. This study has tried to unreath the present scenario of buffalo production in SAARC countries and find out the constraints of buffalo production and recommendations of buffalo development in Bangladesh. This study has also explored the further development of buffalo in SAARC countries as well as in Bangladesh.
  M.A. Hamid , A. Rahman , M.A. Zaman and K.M. Hossain
  The present study attempts to examine the scenario of cattle genetic resources, their productive and reproductive performances and their conservation in Bangladesh. Cattle, among other livestock species available in Bangladesh are the most versatile component in relation to existing integrated agricultural farming system. Nearly 24.5 million heads of cattle are distributed throughout the country. About 85% of cattle are indigenous in origin and some types of them, like Red Chittagong, Pabna, North Bengal Grey and Munshiganj are far better producer than other in the existing low input management system. With rapid expansion of crossbreeding and urbanization, the indigenous cattle genetic resources of Bangladesh are under threat of extinction. Conservation of promising indigenous cattle genetic resources through utilization following pure breeding program and farmer managed in situ approaches may be an appropriate approach for cattle development and rural livelihood enhancement in Bangladesh. This review has tried to unearth the present scenario of cattle production, their distribution pattern, their productive and reproductive performances and their conservation in Bangladesh. This study has also discusses the strategy to meet the public priorities such as, food security, poverty reduction and employment generation through exploration of both native and as well as, where essential, exotic breeds in sustainable manner.
  M.A. Hamid , M.A. Rahman , S. Ahmed and K.M. Hossain
  The present study attempts to examine the scenario of poultry industry and the role of private sector for its development in Bangladesh. In Bangladesh, more than half of the people is based on agricultural and livestock farming. The poultry sector is an integral part of farming systems and has created both direct and indirect employment opportunity, improved food security and enhanced supply of quality protein to people’s meals, contributing country’s economic growth and reducing poverty level in rural and urban areas of Bangladesh. The present meat and egg production can meet only 68 and 64% of the national demand. The demand for meat, egg and meat and egg products have been expanding dramatically with income growth, population growth, urbanization and dietary changes. Recognizing this fact, the government and the private sector are working together to solve the problem in poultry industry through various development activities. Apart from this, government is encouraging private sectors and NGOs to undertake steps for the development of poultry by liberalizing its present policy. This review study has tried to unearth the present scenario of poultry industry in Bangladesh, contribution of private enterprises for the development of poultry sectors, marketing of poultry and poultry products, problems and constraints of poultry industry and explores the scope and opportunity of poultry industry of Bangladesh. This study has also explored the status of poultry business development through various programs designed and implemented by private sectors.
  M.A. Hamid , M.R. Sarmidi , T.H. Mokhtar , W.R.W. Sulaiman and R.A. Aziz
  During the recent years, increased interest on the development of the Virgin Coconut Oil (VCO) has been observed. This is to maximize the benefit of the multifunctional traditionally used coconut. VCO is rich in the Medium Chain Fatty Acids (MCFAs) that have been shown to speed up the metabolism. Almost 50% of the fatty acid in virgin coconut oil is in form of lauric acid. This fatty acid has wide application as wide spectrum of antimicrobial substances against fungi, bacteria and viruses. Moreover, the fatty acid profile of coconut oil shares the similar characteristic with breast milk. The MCFAs in coconut oil are not stored in the body cells but rather processed directly in the liver where they are converted immediately into energy. The present study describes the process for VCO production through integrated wet process. The novel features of this process is the production of virgin coconut oil itself which can minimize the time, cost, energy and man power as well as can maximize the yield and improve the quality of coconut oil. The VCO obtained by this process contribute about 30-40% wt/wt of yield which is 10-20% higher than conventional method. The physical characteristics of VCO along this process shows that the VCO is colorless, retain fresh coconut aroma and sweet coconut taste with the highest content of lauric acid (49.85%). Besides that, the result also indicates the presence of vitamin E VCO. In general, the overall results for sensory analysis were acceptable in terms of aroma and taste of the product.
  M.A. Hamid , M.Z. Islam , M. Biswas , A.A. Begum , M. Saifullah and M. Asaduzzaman
  The growth and yield of soybean was determined using two factors viz., methods of sowing (line sowing and broadcasting) and seed rates (40, 60 80 and 100 kg ha -1). Results revealed that leaf area index (LAI) and shoot dry matter weight were higher in line sowing than broadcasting throughout the entire course of development. Significantly highest number of plant population/plot, branches/plant, filled pods/plant, seed and stover yield were obtained in line sowing method. Seed rate significantly influenced all the studied characters except 100-seeds weight. It was observed that LAI, shoot dry matter weight, plant population/plot, plant height, number of unfilled pods/plant and seed yield increased with increased seed rate while number of branches/plant, filled pods/plant and seeds/plant decreased with increased seed rate. Interaction between line sowing and 100 kg seeds/ha gave the highest seed yield (2.76 t ha -1) which was statistically similar to line sowing and 80 kg seeds/ha (2.67 t ha -1).
  M.A. Hamid , S.M.I. Husain , M.K.I. Khan , M.N. Islam and M.A.A. Biswas
  The study was conducted at Bangladesh Agricultural University Dairy Farm, Mymensingh to find out the skin thickness in different regions of body of dairy cows and the relationship of skin thickness to milk yield. Twenty five crossbred milking cows of indigenous and Sahiwal were selected for experiment. The skin thickness was measured by Vernier calipers. The skin thickness of the same animals is varies at different regions of the body. The average skin thickness of neck, dewlap, chest, abdomen and hindquarter were 3.33, 4.12, 2.93, 4.23 and 4.20 mm, respectively and the average skin thickness was 4.20±0.90 mm at the five different regions and the milk yield were negative and was significant (p<0.05). The results of the present study indicated that 29% of the variation in milk yield of cows depend on skin thickness and 71% depends on another factors. Form the study it was found that milk production of low skin thickness group was higher then that of medium and high skin thickness group. This may be a fact that low skin thickness cows did not deposited extra fat in their body and utilized most of her energy for milk production.
 
 
 
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