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Articles by M. Vanhala
Total Records ( 2 ) for M. Vanhala
  J. Saltevo , M. Vanhala , H. Kautiainen , E. Kumpusalo and M. Laakso

Aims We explored gender differences in the association of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) and adiponectin with the metabolic syndrome (MetS) defined by the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) and the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) criteria.

Methods A population-based study of 923 middle-aged subjects in Pieksämäki, East Finland.

Results The prevalence of the MetS according to the IDF and NCEP definitions was 38% and 34% in men (N=405) and 34% and 27% in women (N = 497), respectively. hs-CRP and IL-1Ra levels were higher in subjects with the MetS compared with those without the MetS in both sexes (P < 0.001). The levels of hs-CRP (P < 0.001) and IL-1Ra (P = 0.0016 for NCEP criteria, P = 0.0028 for IDF criteria) were significantly higher in women with MetS than in men with MetS. In contrast, in subjects without MetS, no gender differences in the levels of hs-CRP or IL-1Ra were found.

Conclusion Women with MetS, defined by the IDF or NCEP criteria, had higher levels of hs-CRP and IL-1Ra than did men with MetS. Thus, low-grade inflammation may contribute to the high risk of cardiovascular disease in women with MetS.

  N. Rautio , J. Jokelainen , H. Oksa , T. Saaristo , M. Peltonen , H. Puolijoki , J. Tuomilehto , M. Vanhala , L. Moilanen , M. Uusitupa and S. Keinanen-Kiukaanniemi
  Aims  To investigate whether a positive family history of diabetes is associated with the effectiveness of lifestyle counselling on cardio-metabolic risk factors and glucose tolerance status in a 1-year follow-up in a cohort of Finnish men and women at high risk for Type 2 diabetes.

Methods  Altogether, 10 149 individuals who had high risk of Type 2 diabetes participated in the implementation programme of the national diabetes prevention programme at baseline. One-year follow-up data were available for 2798 individuals without diabetes. Family history of diabetes was based on self-report. Lifestyle interventions were individual or groups sessions on lifestyle changes. The effectiveness of lifestyle intervention was measured as changes in cardiovascular risk factors, glucose tolerance status and incidence of Type 2 diabetes.

Results  Family history was associated with the effectiveness of lifestyle intervention in men, but not in women. During the 1-year follow-up, body weight, BMI, systolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and score for 10-year risk for fatal cardiovascular disease (SCORE) decreased and glucose tolerance status improved more in men without a family history of diabetes than in men with a family history of diabetes. Of the participating men and women, 10% and 5% developed Type 2 diabetes, respectively. Family history was not related to the incidence of Type 2 diabetes in either gender.

Conclusions  Men without a family history of diabetes were more successful in responding to lifestyle counselling with regard to cardio-metabolic measurements and glucose tolerance than those with a family history of diabetes. Similar results were not seen in women. In keeping with findings from earlier studies, the prevention of Type 2 diabetes is not influenced by a family history of diabetes.

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