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Articles by M. Torki
Total Records ( 3 ) for M. Torki
  R. Ghasemi , M. Zarei and M. Torki
  Problem statement: In trying to finding phytogenic antibiotic-substitutes this study was done and effects of adding graded levels of Medicinal Herbs (MH) including garlic (Allium sativum) and thyme (Thymus vulgaris) to laying hens’ diet on productive performance investigated. Approach: A total number of 108 Lohmann LSL-Lite hens after production peak were randomly divided in 18 cages (n = 6). Three iso-energetic and iso-nitrogenous experimental diets (ME = 2720 Kcal Kg-1 and CP = 154.2 g Kg-1) including three levels (0, 1 and 2 g kg-1) of ground mixture of garlic and thyme (1:1) were fed to hens with 6 replicates per diet during 6 week trial period. Collected data of Feed Intake (FI), Egg Production (EP), Egg Mass (EM) and calculated Feed Conversion Ratio (FCR) as well as egg traits were analyzed based on completely randomized design using GLM procedure of SAS. Results: Dietary treatment did not have significant effect on EP, EM and FCR in laying hens (p>0.05). Dietary inclusion of MH decreased FI in weeks 1-6 (p≤0.05). Including diet with 0.1% MP improved means of egg weight (g) comparing to the other two experimental diets. Adding 0.2% MH to diet increased egg yolk color as well as blood lymphocyte counts and decreased egg shell weight comparing to other dietary treatments (p≤0.05). Conclusion: In conclusion, dietary inclusion of garlic and thyme can have beneficial effects on performance of laying hens in terms of improving egg weight and yolk color.
  P. Najafi and M. Torki
  This study was undertaken to investigate growth performance, blood metabolites and humoral immune response of broiler chicks fed diets supplemented with essential oils of thyme, cinnamon and clove. Two hundred and sixty four days old Ross-308 chicks were weighed and randomly allocated between 24 battery pens. Four iso-nitrogenous and iso-caloric diets including: basal diet (control) and basal diet included 200 mg kg-1 essential oils of Thyme (THY), Cinnamon (CIN) and Clove (CLO) were formulated to meet bird requirements and fed chicks in starting (1-21 days), growing (22-42 days) and finishing (43-49 days) periods. Each diet was fed to birds in six pens (replicate) with 11 chicks per pen. At 17 and 26 days of age, all 360 chicks were vaccinated against NDV. Blood samples were withdrawn from the wing vein at days 17, 26, 34, 41 and 47 of age. The non-heparinized blood samples (1.5 mL/chicken-one bird per pen) were placed at 37°C for 2 h, centrifuged (3000xg for 15 min.) to separate sera and stored at 20°C until analysis. The sera were applied to HI test to determine Antibody (Ab) to NDV expressed as reciprocal log 2 values for the highest dilution that displayed HI. The data was analyzed based on completely randomized design by GLM procedure of SAS. Body Weight Gain (BWG), Feed Intake (FI) and Feed Conversion Ratio (FCR) were not affected by dietary treatment, except for BWG and FCR during the 22-42 days of age. Chicks fed on THY included diets showed improved FCR and BWG comparing to chicks fed other experimental dietary groups during the growing period. Plasma total cholesterol, triglyceride and HDL were not affected by dietary essential oil inclusion (p>0.05). The highest and lowest levels of RBC and HCT were observed in chicks fed on CLO and CIN-included diets, respectively (p<0.05). Primary antibody response of CON chicks was higher than THY and CIN chicks (p<0.05). Secondary antibody response were not affected by dietary inclusion of essential oil (p>0.05).
  M.M. Hadipour , G.H. Habibi , A. Ghorashinejad , A. Olyaie and M. Torki
  This experiment had the objective of evaluating the influence of homeopathic remedies on the performance and health of broilers in intensive system of production. About 200 day old commercial broiler chickens were randomly divided in two equal groups (treatment and control) and were housed in the same condition. The medications were administered in the birds’ drinking water in the test group with a 5% hydro-alcohol extract solution in 5 drops per bird daily during 42 days beginning at 1 day of age. No drugs and vaccines were used in the treatment group. Performance of broiler chickens in two groups were monitored on a daily basis. There were significant differences (p<0.05) between two groups in growth rate, final weight, food conversion ratio and mortality rate. It is concluded that the results of this study justify use of these homeopathic remedies for increasing performance of commercial broilers.
 
 
 
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