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Articles by M. Tharwat
Total Records ( 2 ) for M. Tharwat
  M. Tharwat and A.F. Ahmed
  Although, abomasal ulceration is well studied in cattle, there is no data about the clinical and biochemical pictures of abomasal ulceration in buffaloes and native breed cattle. Objective was to describe the clinical, biochemical and pathological findings and response to medical treatment of abomasal ulceration in buffaloes and native breed cattle. Sixteen animals (buffaloes = 10, cattle = 6) were examined. They included 7 males (beef calves) and 9 females (dairy cows). Age range was 10 months to 8 years. All animals underwent a thorough clinical examination. Blood samples were taken for hematological and biochemical examinations. Animals were fed on high quality hay with no concentrates and treated with normal saline solution (5 L daily IV/5 days), oxytetracyclin (10 mg kg-1 deep IM/7 days), Ranitidine (3 mg kg-1 daily IM/7 days) and oral 50 g of sodium bicarbonate for 1 week. Results revealed that signs of abomasal ulceration disappeared in 9 animals (buffaloes = 5, cattle = 4, male = 7, female = 2). Response appeared after 1-2 weeks of treatment. No response to treatment was recorded in 7 animals (buffaloes = 5, cattle = 2, male = 0, female = 7) that were slaughtered and thoroughly examined at necropsy. At necropsy, abomasal ulceration was found along the greater curvature and on the most ventral part of the fundic region in 5 cases (buffaloes = 4, cattle = 1). Ulcers were non-bleeding, bleeding, perforating with localized peritonitis, perforating with diffuse peritonitis. Biochemical analysis revealed an increase in free fatty acids, segmented neutrophils, β-globulin and blood glucose.
  M. Tharwat , A.F. Ahmed and O.S. El-Tookhy
  Objectives of the present study were to describe the clinical, hematological, ultrasonographic findings and treatment of chronic peritonitis in water buffaloes (Babalus babalis) and Egyptian native breed cattle. Fifteen animal (water buffaloes, n = 7 and native breed cattle, n = 8) with signs of chronic peritonitis. All animals underwent a thorough clinical examination and complete blood count and biochemistry panel were investigated. Ultrasonographic examination was carried out in standing position using 3.5 and 5.0 MHz sector transducers. Eleven cases were treated medically and four surgically through ultrasonographic guided needle aspiration. Despite clinical signs were nonspecific, seven different lesions in the peritoneum of buffaloes and cattle were identified ultrasonographically; reticular abscess with/out peritoneal effusion, ruptured reticular abscess, purulent peritonitis, peritoneal abscess, fibrinous peritonitis and adhesions due to traumatic reticuloperitonitis. There were significant neutrophilic leukocytosis, hypoalbuminemia and hyperglobulinemia. Diagnosis was confirmed in five cases via necropsy. Full recovery was achieved in all surgically treated animals whereas slaughtering was recommended for all medically treated cases. In conclusion, ultrasonography is feasible diagnostic tool for identifying different forms of chronic peritonitis in bovine. Clinical signs and laboratory findings are nonspecific. Surgical intervention is a valuable choice of treatment.
 
 
 
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