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Articles by M. Sharifi
Total Records ( 3 ) for M. Sharifi
  N. Elkum , M. Al-Arouj , M. Sharifi , K. Behbehani and A. Bennakhi
 

Background

High rates of diabetes and cardiovascular disease have been reported in South Asian immigrants in many countries. However, the prevalence and characteristics of cardiovascular disease risk factors among a South Asian population living in Kuwait have not yet been investigated. This study was therefore designed to estimate the prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors and determine whether they are independently associated with diabetes in such a population.

Methods

A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted on 1094 South Asians (781 men and 313 women), mainly Indian and Pakistani (≥ 18 years of age), of whom 75.1% were Indians. Interviews were carried out, during which socio-demographic and anthropometric data were collected, followed by a physical examination and collection of fasting blood samples for laboratory investigations. Diabetes was defined by fasting plasma glucose ≥ 7 mmol/l, or being on treatment, and/or self-reported previously diagnosed Type 2 diabetes.

Results

The prevalence of diabetes was 21.1%, with 3.4% of that percentage of people being newly diagnosed. Using BMI measurements, 24.0% of those who participated in the study were obese and 46.1% were overweight. Dyslipidaemia was found in 77.6% and hypertension in 44.8%. Advancing age (≥ 40 years), male gender, high LDL, high total cholesterol, hypertension and positive family history of diabetes were significantly associated with increased risk of diabetes.

Conclusion

Our study shows that the prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors in South Asian expatriates in Kuwait exceeds prevalence rates reported in their homeland and other countries. This may suggest the added stress of environmental factors on the development of cardiovascular disease risk factors in such populations. Specialized prevention programmes targeting such high-risk ethnic populations are paramount and need to be implemented.

  E. Farshadfar , M. Aghaie Sarbarzeh , M. Sharifi and A. Yaghotipoor
  In order to estimate additive and dominance components of genetic variance and detection of non-allelic interaction for the salt tolerance criteria in barley, 7 generations (P1, P2, F1, F2, F3, BC1, BC2) derived from the cross Wiesel burger/AborxLokus/Bda and the check were used in a split plot design with two replications in hydroponic culture. Significant differences were found between both salinity levels and genotypes for all the characters investigated. Mean generation analysis indicated the involvement of additive, dominance and epistatic type of gene action in the inheritance of leaf weight (additive, dominance and epistasis), biomass (additive and epistasis), K+, Na+ and K+/Na+ (dominance and epistasis). Heritability estimate was low for K+ and Na+, moderate for shoot length, leaf weight, biomass and K+/Na+ and high for root length. Over dominance type of gene action was found for shoot length, biomass, K+, Na+ and K+/Na+, while partial dominance for root length and leaf weight.
  S. Teimoori , J. Feghhi , Y. Erfanifard and M. Sharifi
  The aim of this study performed in a part of Tehran city (capital of Iran) with 538 ha surface area, was locating the parks and determining the needs of the area to find suitable recreational spaces using GIS. The Ikonos imagery and 1:2000 topographic maps were applied to detect the parks in the regions. Classifying the parks in four categories of regional, zonal, local and neighboring levels, the influence rate of each park was determined using the standards and the areas without parks were identified in the region. Also the number of people using the parks was measured by overlaying the maps of park boundaries and people distribution. Then the map of gaps and their spatial pattern were prepared as the greatest potential of green space increase and they were ranked due to the necessity of park establishment and gap suitability. The gaps` surface area was 49.5 ha that have had no buildings. Regarding to the lack of parks in local and neighboring levels and overlaying the maps of gaps on park establishment necessities and needs, it was concluded that the area doesn`t have the potential for park establishment at local level but about 1.8 ha of the gaps can be allocated to parks at neighboring level.
 
 
 
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