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Articles by M. Naskar
Total Records ( 2 ) for M. Naskar
  M. K. Das , A. P. Sharma , K. K. Vass , R. K. Tyagi , V. R. Suresh , M. Naskar and A. B. Akolkar
  The Ganges River is one of the largest river systems in the world and sustains a rich biodiversity of fish and fishers. In recent years, a decline in fish diversity and catch has become apparent due to various anthropogenic activities in the river basin. This study analyses the current fish diversity, distribution and community structure along the longitudinal gradient of the river and evaluates the ecological integrity of the riverine stretch applying a multimetric assessment approach. One hundred forty three fish species were recorded from the river and Cyprinidae was the dominant family. The middle stretch of the river exhibited dominance of small bodied erytopic, indigenous and exotic fish species with periodic and opportunistic life history strategies with significant decline of the large bodied prized Indian major carps. A tropic shift towards dominance of carnivore catfish species is evident. Non-metric multidimensional scaling revealed greater distribution and abundance of fish species with increasing river width and depth, higher sediment organic carbon, silt and clay along the river gradient. A significant change in the catches composition was evident from 1961 to 2010 in the middle stretch of the river at Allahabad. It reflected a progressive decline in proportion of Indian major carps (IMC) and the anadromous Shad Tenualosa ilisha and a significant increase in the proportion of exotic fish Cyprinus carpio and Oreochromis niloticus which represented 43-48% of the total catch. Assessment of biotic integrity showed that 28% of sample locations in the river supported fish assemblages under acceptable conditions.
  R. K. Manna , B. B. Satpathy , C. M. Roshith , M. Naskar , Utpal Bhaumik and P. Sharma
  Hooghly estuary, the lowermost part of River Ganges in India, following the construction of Farakka barrage in 1975, witnessed improved freshwater inflow in the estuarine stretch of the river with significant impact on the salinity regime, water transparency, suspended sediments and nutrient load leading to alternations in the distribution and abundance of fish and other biotic organisms like plankton and benthos. A detailed seasonal study was conducted in Hooghly estuary during 2010-2012 to evaluate the spatio-temporal changes in selected physico-chemical parameters like temperature, transparency, pH, free CO2, dissolved oxygen, specific conductivity, total alkalinity, total hardness, salinity, available nutrients like nitrate, phosphate and silicate under the present hydrological regime in determining the distribution of fish and other aquatic organisms. The salinity based zonation during pre-Farakka period apparently stands modified with a downward shift of freshwater zone. Accordingly, distribution and abundance of biotic communities like plankton and fish now present a completely different scenario from the past.
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