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Articles by M. Kumar
Total Records ( 2 ) for M. Kumar
  S. Nandi and M. Kumar
  Rabies, a fatal neurological disease of warm blooded animals, is not only a national but also a global problem. It is caused by a RNA virus under the genus Lyssavirus and family Rhabdoviridae. The disease is of paramount importance because of its global distribution, wide host range including a number of wild animals and extremely high case fatality rate. In spite of development of anti-rabies vaccine by Pasteur in 1885, the disease is still endemic in about 100 countries in the world where 2.5 thousand million people live. The dog is the main perpetuator of rabies in developing country including India, it is to be emphasized to bring all the dogs under immunization umbrella or to control the unauthorized stray dogs. Over the time, there is lot of development in the field of immunology, vaccinology and diagnostic arena, the disease is still endemic particularly in developing countries. Few countries viz., USA, Canada, France have employed the recombinant vaccinia virus based bait and succeeded in controlling the wildlife rabies to a great extent. However, cooperation and collaboration of people from the different field should work in a coordinated manner to control the rabies in animals particularly the stray dogs, main source of infection to animals and human beings.
  M. Kumar , B. Sharma , A. Kumar , H.P. Lal , V. Kumar and M.K. Tripathi
  Toxocara canis is a very important gastrointestinal nematode affecting canines with considerable public health importance. This study was conducted to find out the prevalence and corresponding haemato-biochemical changes in dogs infested with T. canis and to determine its zoonotic implication to dog owners. A total of 121 dogs were screened from October 2008 to May 2009 by direct smear and Mc-master technique, to determine correlation between overall prevalence of T. canis infestation with respect to sex, age, breed, size and season-wise infestation. Haemato-biochemical profile was performed in 24 infested dogs, randomly selected to evaluate changes in Hb, PCV, TEC, TLC, DLC count, serum protein, serum glucose and serum enzymes. The overall prevalence was found to be 28.93%. The prevalence was not influenced by sex but non-descript breeds had significantly higher rates. Pups were more infested than adults and the disease was more prevalent in winters. Dogs having active infection with T. canis infestation showed anemia, leucocytosis and significant eosinophilia (p<0.05). A significant decrease (p<0.05) was observed in serum protein and glucose whereas highly significant increase (p<0.01) was found for both serum enzymes (SGOT and SGPT). Very few dog owners (4.13%) were aware about potential public health significance of the parasite. Survey revealed that unaware owners who belonged to lower/middle/upper middle class, did not maintain hygiene and scheduled deworming and always remain at high zoonotic risk. Being zoonotic, the parasite poses a significant danger to humans mainly children who remain in their vicinity. Thus immediate action needs to be taken to control this parasite and to increase awareness among the dog-owners about the zoonoses being spread by the companion animals.
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